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VOCABULARY OF GERMAN HDUTARY 
TERMS AND ABBREVUTIONS 



ARMY WAR COLLEGE 

SEPTEMBER, 1917 
REPRINT OF A BRITISH DOCUMENT 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1917 



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Icturdyy^CU.Tf^y^^ 



War Department, 

Document No. 674. 

Office o/ The Adjutant General. 



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WAR DEPARTMENT, 
Washington, September 29^ 1917. 
The following pamphlet, '* Vocabulary of German Military Terms 
and Abbreviations," is published for the information of all concerned. 
(062.13, A. G. o.) 

By order of the Secretary op War: 

TASKER H. BLISS, 

Major General J Chief of Staff. 
Official: 

H. P. McCAIN, 

T?ie Adjutant General. 

3 



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VOCABULARY OF GERMAN MILITARY TERMS AND 
ABBREVIATIONS. 



A. 

AbUnderung Alteration . 

Abbauen To dismantle (a wireless station). 

Abbinden To set (concrete). 

Abbrechen To break off; change from line forma- 
tion to column formation. 

Abbrechen (des Schiessens) — To cease fire. 

Zur Kolonne abbrechen.... To break into column. 
Lager abbrechen To strike camp. 

Abd&nmiung Blocking (a trench). 

Abdanken To discharge, dismiss from the 

service. 

Abdeckerei Knacker's yard. 

Abdichtungsring Rubber washer (e.g., for hermetically 

closing receptacles in food carriers). 

Abdruck Copy. 

Abdriicken To press the trigger. 

Abendmeldung Evening report. 

Abfall Slope of a hill; waste, refuse. 

Abfangen To catch, capture. 

Abfangen (ein Telegram) To intercept a tel^ram. 

Abfeuem To discharge, fire off. 

Kemrechtabfeuem To fire point blank. 

Abflauen To decrease, to abate (artillery fire). 

Abfrage-Apparat Exchange operator's instrument 

(telephone). 

Abgabe(dieMannschaftensind Discharge (light signals, etc.). 
in der Abgabe der Leucht- 
patronen unterrichtet). 

Abgang (zur Truppe, etc.) Discharge (from hospital, etc.). 

Abgang Departure. 

Abgangsfehler Error due to "jump " (gun, rifle, etc.) 

Abgangsrichtung Line of departure (of a shot). 

5 



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6 GEBXAN MILITABY TEBHS AKB ABBBEVIATIONS. 

Abgangswinkel Angle of departure (of a shot). 

Abgeben To give, to deliver, to transfer (of 

soldiers). 

Abgehen To start off. 

Abgessent DismountI 

Abgezweigt (-e Kompagnie). . .Detached (company). 
Abhalten To hold off, restrain, check. 

Einen Appell abhalten To call the roll. 

Abhang Slope; hillside. 

AbhSren To intercept. 

Eine Unterhaltung abhd- To intercept a conversation, 
ren. 

Eine Tel^;raphenleitung To tap a telegraph line. 
abh6ren. 

Abhoren Listening, tapping (a message). 

AbhSrnetz Listening system. 

AbhSrstromlauf Listening or tapping circuit. 

AbhSrtatigkeit Listening, tapping. 

AbhSrverfahren Listening, tapping. 

Abkochen To cook. 

Unterwegs abkochen To cook on the march. 

Abkommandieren. To detach, detail. 

Abkriinmien To fire off (rifle). 

Abktlrzen To abbreviate. 

Abladen To unload; unloadii^. 

Abladekommando Unloading party . 

Ablegen (Gepack) To take off (packs). 

Ableitungeii Leads (electric), short circuits. 

Ablenken To divert (attention). 

Ablosen To relieve. 

Ablosung Relief. 

die Abl6sung geht vor The relief is in progress. 

AblOsungstruppen Relieving troops. 

Abmarsch Marching off. 

AbmarschiertI Fired! (colloquial = "abgefeuert"). 

Abmarschpunkt Starting point. 

Abneigung A turning aside, divergence; altera- 
tion (in range, elevation). 

Abort. ..: Latrine. 

Abprallen To ricochet. 

Abpraller Ricochet. 

Abprallwfeite Length of ricochet. 



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GEBXAH mUTABT TEBUB AND ABBBBYIATIOHS^ f 

Abprotzen To unlimber. 

Abrechnen •. To deduct, subtract. 

50 Meter abrechnen To shorten range 50 meters. 

Abrede Agreement; denials 

Abreissschnur J* Pull-out " string. 

Abreissvorrichtung Firing device . 

Abriegeln .To block. 

Abrticken To move off. 

Abrusten To disarm, demobolize. 

Abrustung Demobilization; disarmament. 

Absatteln To unsaddle, ** off-saddle.'' 

Abschied Departure. 

Seinen abschied erbitten..To ask to be placed on the retired 

list. 

Seinen Abschied nehmen.To resign one's commission, to quit 

the service. 

Abschiessen To fire off. 

Abschlagen To repulse. 

Abschluss Sometimes joint (as in ''gasdichter 

Abschluss " =gas- tight joint) . 

Abschneiden To cut off (retreat, etc.) ; sometimes 

to coincide. 
Abschnitt Sector. 

Abschnittsweise By sectors. 

Abschrif t Copy . 

Abschwenken To wheel (to right or left). 

Absender Sender (of a letter, postcard, etc.). 

Absendestelle Dispatching point, 

Absetzen (das Gewehr) To bring the rifle to the ** ready" 

(after firing). 

Absetzen (Seitengewehr) To unfix (bayonets). 

Absicht Intention, view. 

Absitzen To dismount, 

Abspannen To unhook. 

Absperrung Barricade, blocking. 

Abspriessen To strut (engineering) . 

Abstand Distance. 

Abstecken To mark out; to undo, unfasten. 

Absteckpfahl Iron peg. 

Absteifung Strutting (engineering). 

Absteigen To descend, go down; to dismount. 

Abstellen (Motor) To shunt off (a motor). 



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t OEBXAH XHITAET TEEXS AND ABBEEYIATIOm. 

Abstellgleise Siding^. 

Abstreuen To scatter, sprinkle. 

Mit Schrapnellabstreuen. .To sweep with shrapnel. 

Abstiifen ^ To form steps, graduate. 

Abstih*zen. To fall headlong (referring to aero- 
planes). 

Absttitzen To prop, strut. 

Abteilung Detachment, flight, etc., section (of 

war mimstry, general staff, etc.); 
(not translated if it refers to field 
artillery, when it is a group of 3 
batteries). 

Abteilungsbefehl Order of artillery "Abteilung." 

Abteilung fiir Licht und Kraft. Electrician detachment. 

Abteilungskommandeur (artl.)." Abteilung" commander (artillery). 

Abtransport (im) On the move (from). 

Abtreppen (nach) To form steps (down to) (when ex- 
cavating). 

Abwarten To wait for; to attend to or groom 

(horses). 

Abw&sserungsanlagen Drainage system. 

Abwehr Defense. 

Abwehren To repel, ward off. 

Abwehrfeuer Defensive Gie, 

Abwehrgeschiitz Antiaircraft gun; gun for repelling 

the assault. 

Abwehigraben Support or reserve trench. 

Abweichen To branch off; to avoid. 

Abweichung Departure from (orders); deflection, 

deviation. 

Abweisen To repulse, beat back. 

Abz&umen To take off the bridle. 

Abzeichen Badge, distinguishing mark. 

Abzeichentuch Cloth used for badges. 

Abziehen .To take off; to divert; to evacuate. 

Ein Gewehr abziehen To pull the trigger. 

Von der Wache abziehen. .To come off guard. 

Abzug Retreat; outlet; trigger. 

Abzugsbiigel Trigger guard. 

Abzugsf eder Trigger spring . 

Abzugegriff Trigger. 

Abzugsschlede String loop (onband of hand grenade) . 



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OEBXAK XniTAEY TEBMS AKD ABBBEYIATIONS. 9 

Abzugsvorrichtung Trigger device. 

Abzweig Point of bifurcation (e. g., of two 

galleries in mining). 

AbzweigstoUen Branch gallery (mining). 

Achsband Axle clip. 

Achsbandbalter Axle guard. 

Achse Axletree. 

Achsel Shoulder. 

Achselband Aiguillette. 

Achselklappe Shoulder strap (N. C. 0.*s and men). 

Achselschuppen Metal epaulettes. 

Achselstiick Shoulder strap (officers) . 

Achsenbruch Breaking of an axletree. 

Achsenzahl Number of axles (in a train). 

Achsschmierbfichse Tin of axle grease. 

Achteck Octagon. 

AchtungI AttentionI Look out! 

Achtung! Gas! Look outl Gas! 

Adjutant Adjutant. 

Fltigel-Adjutant. A Aide-de-camp to the Emperor. 

General- Adjutant. J 
Adjutantur Administrative staff (not trans- 
lated — ^retain). 

Affe Pack (slang). 

Afla (Artillerie-Flieger-Abteil- 

ung) Artillery flight. 

Agent Agent, spy. 

Aktenkasten Dispatch box. 

Aktiv Regular, active (as opposed, reserve, 

etc.). 
Akofem (Armee-Femsprech- 

Kommando) Army telephone H. Q. 

Akofunk (Armee-Funker-Kom- 

mando) Army wireless H. Q. 

Alarm Alarm. 

Alarm blasen To sound the alarm. 

Alarmbereitschaft (erh6hte). . .(Increased) readiness for action. 

Alarmbestimmungen Alarm orders. 

Alarmpatrone Signal rocket. 

Alarmplatz Alarm post, alarm station. 

Alarmposten Sentry to give the alarm. 

Alarmsammelplatz Assembly poet, assembly station. 



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10 OEBXAK MHJTART TEBKS AND ABBBETIATIONS. 

. , . , " I^To sound the alarm. 

Alannsignal geben J 

Alarmstellung Support line. 

Alarm vonichtungen Appliances, devices for giving the 

alarm. 

Alarmzustand '* Stand to.'* 

Alarmzustand (aufheben) (To give) *' Stand down.'* 

Alarmsignale (geblasene) Bugle calls, whistles, etc. 

Albatros "Albatros" (a make of aeroplane). 

Alder-B-Munition "Alder B " ammunition (explosive 

bullet for antiaircraft purposes). 

AUerhochste Kabinettsordre. . .Order of His Majesty in Council. 

Allerschwerst Heaviest (caliber). 

Allgemeine Wehrpflicht Universal military service. 

Allgemeines Aufgebot Levy en masse. 

Alter Senior. 

Alterer Unteroffizer Senior N. C. O. 

Altmessing Brass scrap. 

Altmetall Metal scrap. 

Amboss (der Zundglocke) Detonator cap (literally, anvil). 

Ambossklotz Anvil block. 

Ammonal Ammonal. 

Amt Ofl&ce. 

Anbinden To tie to. 

Mit jemandem anbinden...To put in communication (tele- 
phonic) with some one. 

Anbrechen To break, dawn. 

Anfall Attack. 

Anfangsgeschwindigkeit Initial or muzzle velocity. 

Anfassen To take hold of, pick up (arms). 

Anf ertigen To make, manufacture, construct, 

prepare. 

Anfordern To demand, request. 

Anfiihren To lead. 

Anfuhr Supply. 

Angaben Statements. 

Angaben (beglaubigte) Statements (verified). 

Angeldraht .Trip wire. 

Angezeigt Indicated, advisable, expedient; an- 
nounced, reported. 

Angreifen To attack. 



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GEBKAN MILITABY TERMS AND ABBRETIATIOKS. 11 

Angriff Attack. 

Ablenkungsangriff Feint attack, diversion. 

Gegenangriff Counter attack. 

Hauptangriff . . . ; Main attack. 

Einen Angriff lief em To deliver an attack. 

Luftangriff Aerial attack. 

Scheinangriff Feint attack. 

Angriff sab teilung Assaulting party. 

Angriffsart Method of attack. 

Angriffsbefehl Order to attack, attack orders. 

Angriffserfahrungen Experiences in attack (e. g., of an 

army). 

Angriffsfeld Zone of Attack. 

Angriffsfront Front of attack. 

Angriffshandlung Conduct of the attack. 

Angriffskrieg Offensive war. 

Angriffslucke Gap formed to facilitate the attack. 

Angriffsplan Plan of attack. 

Angriffsstelle Point of attack. 

Angriffstempo (in Einklang- 
brachtes) (Prearranged) time-table of the at- 
tack, literally — ^pace of the attack. 
Angriffsverfahren, planmas- 

siges Methodical attack. 

Anhalt Guide (e. g., to construction, con- 
duct, etc.). 

Anhaltspunkte Instructions. 

Anhohe High ground, hill, slope. 

Ankerrodel Anchor line belaying pin (bridging). 

Ankertau Cable. 

Anklammerungspunkt A "holding on" point, strong point. 

Ankiindigungskommando Cautionary part of a word of com- 
mand. 
Anlage Emplacement, position, arrange- 
ment; appendix (orders, docu- 
ments, etc.). 

Bahnanlage Railway buildings, etc. 

Festungsanlage Fortifications. 

Scheinanlage Dummy trench or work. 

Anlauf Rush, advance. 

Beim ersten Anlauf At the first onset. 

Anlegen To take aim; to plan; to construct. 

Ein Manover anlegen To suggest a scheme for maneuvers. 



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If OERKAH MILITABT TEKX8 AND ABBBETIATIOKS. 

Anleitun}? Instruction. 

Anmarech Approach. 

AnmarBchieren To approach. 

AnmarBchluiie Line of approach. 

Anmarschrichtung Direction of advance. 

Anmarschweg Approach, communication trench. 

Anmelden, sich To report one's arrival. 

Annahem, sich To approach. 

Annaherungsgraben 1 Communication trench, approach 

Annaherungsweg J trench. 

Anordnen To arrange, order. 

Anordnimgen Arrangements, dispositions. 

Anrichten To produce, cause; to regulate. 

Anrtlcken To march up, advance (against). 

Anruf Telephone call; challenge (of a sen- 
try). 

Anrufen ;..To challenge, hail; to call up. (tele- 
phone). 

Ansagen To annuonce, notify. 

Anschaffen To provide, procure. 

Anschalter Separator (mining). 

Anschaltvorrichtung Tapping device (electrical). 

Anschauen To inspect; to observe (a position). 

Anschirren To harness. 

Anschlag Firing position, the "present." 

Anschlagshdhe Height over which a man can fire. 

Anschleichen, sich To creep up to. 

Anschliessen, sich To join up with. 

Anschluss Connection, junction (e. g., with 

other troops); inclosure, annexe. 
Geben Sie mir Anschluss Put me through to (telephone), 
mit. 

Anschluss-Batterie Adjoining battery. 

Anschluss-Kompagnie (-Zug) . .Flank company (platoon); directing 

company (platoon). 

Anschlussmann Connecting file. 

Anschneiden To cut; to make intersections; to 

obtain a bearing on (e. g., gun 
flashes). 
Durch Anschneiden fests-To locate by intersection, 
tellen. 

Anschnitt Bearing. 



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GEBKAN MILITABT TEBICS AND ABBBETIATI0N8. 18 

Ansetzen To launch (e. g., an attack). 

Anspannen To stretch, strain; to hook in horses. 

Anspomen •. To stimulate. 

Anstalt Establishment. 

Ansteckmagazin Detachable magazine. 

Anstellung Appointment. 

Anstrich Coloring. 

Ansturm Assault. 

Antenne The "aerial" (wireless); wireless 

station. 

Antransport (im) On the move to. 

Antreiben To drive, urge on, set going. 

Antreten To b^in. 

Wir wollen zum Sturm an- We are about to attack, 
treten. 

Den Dienst antreten To assume duties. 

Anweisen To direct, point out. 

Anweisung Instructions. 

Anzeige Notice, announcement. 

Anzeigen To give notice; to report; to pro- 
claim. 

Anzeiger ..Marker. 

Anzug Suit, dress. 

Arbeitsanzug m Fatigue dress. 

Feldmarschmassiger An- Marching order, 
zug. 

Apotheker Chemist. 

Apparat Apparatus, instrument. 

Appell Roll call; the "assembly" (cavalry). 

Appell abhalten To call the roll. 

Beim Appell fehlen To be absent from roll call. 

Appellplatz Parade ground. 

Arbeit Work, labor. 

Arbeitende Mannschaft Working parties. 

Arbeiterbataillon I . Labor battalion. 

Arbeitsabteilung Fatigue party. 

Arbeitsdienst Fatigue duty. 

Arbeitskommando Fatigue party. 

Arbeitskompagnie Labor company. 

Arbeitsplan Working plan. 

Arbeitssoldat Soldier of a disciplinary corps. 

Arbeitstrupp — Work squad. 

Arbeitsverwendungsfahig Fit for labor employment. 



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14 OEBXAK MILITABY TEBUS AND ABBBETIATIONS. 

Arendt-Gruppe Listening set section. 

Ann Branch gallery (mining). 

Annauflager Elbow rest. 

Annbinde Armband, brassard; sling. 

Armee-Abteilung Army detachment (equivalent to an 

army). 

Armee-Befehl Army order. 

Armee-Bekleidungs-Depot. Army clothing depot. 

Armee-Bericht Army report, bulletin, despatch. 

Armee-Femsprech-Abteilung. .Army telephone detachment. 

Armeegruppe Group (equivalent to a corps) . 

Armeehauptquartier Army headquarters. 

Armeekorps Army corps, corps. 

Armeelastzug Army mechanical transport train. 

Armeelieferant Army contractor. 

Armee-Musik-Meister Inspector of military bands. 

Armee-Oberkommando Army headquarters (staff). 

Armee-Post-Direktor Director of army postal services. 

Armee-Post-Inspektor Army postal inspector. 

Armee-Telegraphen-Abteilung.Army telegraph detachment. 

Armeeverordnungsblatt Army orders. 

Armeeverwaltungs -Depart- 

ment Army administration department. 

Armeezahlmeister Army paymaster. 

Armelaufschlag , . Cuff (of tunic, etc.). 

Armelpatten Sleeve patches. 

Armierung Armament. 

Armierungsbatallion Labor battalion . 

Armierungskabel Armored cable. 

Armstutzen Tackle brackets (bridging). 

Arrest Arrest. 

Mittelarrest Light field punishment. 

Stronger Arrest Close arrest. 

Arrestant Man undergoing confinement. 

Arrest- Kasten Place of confinement, cell. 

Arrest-Lokal Guard room. 

Arreststrafe Confinement. 

Arrest-Zelle Place of confinement, cell. 

Arriere-Garde Rear guard. 

Art Pattern (e. g., alter art, neuer art). 

Artillerie Artillery. 

Artillerie-Anschneidetrupp Artillery survey section. 



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GEBXAK MILITABY TEBICS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 16 

Artillerie-Depot Ordnance depot; artillery park. 

Artillerie-Entwicklung Deployment of artillery. 

Artillerie des Feldheeres, 

schwere Heavy artillery of the field army. 

Artillerie-Fernsprechverbind- 

ung Artillery telephone communication. 

Artillerie-Feuer Artillery fire, bombardment. 

Artillerie-Feuer(flankierendes). Enfilade artillery fire. 

Artillerie-Flieger-Abteilung Artillery flight. 

Artillerie-GeBchoss Shell, projectile. 

Artillerie-Kampf Artillery duel. 

Artillerie-Kommandeur Artillery commander. 

Artillerie- Konstruktionsbureau Artillery technical section (of 
, technical institute). 

Artillerie-Messtrupp Artillery survey section. 

Artillerie - Munitions - Depot 

( — Lager) Artillery ammunition depot. • 

Artillerie-Munitions-Kolonne. .Artillery ammunition column 

(heavy). 
Artillerie-Nachrichten-Sammel- 

stelle Artillery information center. 

Artillerie - Prtifungs - Kommis- 

sion Ordnance committee. 

Artillerie-Schiessplatz Artillery range. 

Artillerie-Schiess-Schule School of gunnery. 

Artillerie-Tatigkeit Artillery activity. 

Artillerie-Unterstiitzung Artillery Support. 

Artillerie- Verbindungs-Offizier. Artillery liaison officer. 

Artillerie- Vergeltung Artillery retaliation. 

Artillerie- Werkstatt Artillery workshop. 

Arzneikasten Medicine chest. 

Arzt Medical officer (for ranks of medical 

officers, see under "Generalstab- 
sarzt"). 

Aspirant (Usually not translated) aspirant, 

candidate. 

Assistenzarzt Second-lieutenant (medical). 

Astgabel Rest (e. g., for a rifle). 

Astverhau Abatis. 

Atemeinsatz. Breathing drum (of gas ma 

Atemfilter Breath filter (of gas mask). 

Atemsack Respiratory bag. 



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16 GERKAN MHJTABT TERMS AND ABBRETIATIONS. 

Atenschiltzer Respirator (gas). 

Atemwiderstandsfeldpriifer Resistaiice gauge for breathing 

drums (gas). 

Attacke Charge. 

Attila Hussar tunic. 

ST} Judge advocate. 

Auditoriat Judge advocate's officials. 

Aufbewahrung Storage. 

Aufbrechen To strike camp; to start. 

Aufenthalt Stop, stay; beat (of a sentry). 

Auffahren To come into action (of artillery). 

Au£fangen To intercept. 

Auffordem To summon, challenge. 

Aufforderung Request, order, demand. 

Aufforderung zum Schuss Request for fire to be opened. 

Asto Listening set. 

Aufftdlung der Graben mit 
Truppen Massing troops in the trenches. 

Au%abe Duty, task (e. g., Au%abe einer 

Batterie). 

Au^ebot Ban (of Landsturm or Landwehr); 

calling out the troops. 

Au%ebot, allgemeines Levy en masse. 

Aufhangeriemen Brace. 

Aufhau Breaking out (mining). 

Aufheben To call up; to withdraw an order. 

Aufheben einen Posten To capture a poet. 

Aufhebungsbezirk Recruiting district. 

Aufklarer Scout. 

Aufklarung Clearing up, reconnaissance. 

Aufklarungspatrouille Reconnoitering patrol. 

Aufmarsch Forming up, assembly, deployment 

approach march. 

Aufmerksamkeit (erhohte) (A sharp) look out. 

Aufnahme Photograph. 

Aufnahme des Gelandes Survey or mapping; aerpolane photo- 
graph. 

Aufpflanzen (Seitengewehr) To fix (bayonets). 

Aufprotzen To limber up. 

Auframnen To clear (trench, dugout, etc.). 

Aufraiimungsarbeit Salvage work, reopening work. 



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GERUAN MILITARY TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 17 

Aufraumungswelle Wave of infantry attack detailed as 

clearing up parties. 

Aufrechterhaltung Maintenance. 

Aufreiben To annihilate. 

Aufreibende Marsche Exhausting marches. 

Aufrichten To erect; to drive forward horizon- 
tally from bottom of an incline 
(mining). 

AufroUen To clear or work along (a trench, etc.) 

Aufsatz Gun sight. 

Femrohraufsatz Telescopic sight. 

libellenaufsatz Clinometer sight. 

Aufachlag Biu'st on impact. 

Aufechlage Facings. 

Aufechlagsgeschwindigkeit. . . .Striking velocity. 

Aufechlagspunkt Point of impact. 

Aufechlagzunder (Az.) Percussion fuze. 

Aufechneideverf ahren ' * Flash spotting * ' (obtaining inter- 
sections on the bursts of diells or 
flashes of guns). 

Aufeichtshabender Officer or man in charge. 

Aufaitzen To mount (horse). 

Das Ziel aufsitzen lassen. . .To aim at 6 o^clock on the target. 

Aufstellen To form up, take up a position; to 

site (a gun). 

Aufetellung Order of battle or forming up. 

Auftrag Duty, order, commission. 

Auftrag(im) , "By order," '^Signed for" (above a 

signature on a document). 

Auftreffsgeschwindigkeit Striking velocity. 

Auftreffstelle Point of impact. 

Auftreffsschicht Bursting course (roof of dugout, 

etc.). 

Auf treten To appear. 

Aufwiu-f Parapet, mound. 

Aufzeichnung Sketch. 

Aufzieher Extractor. 

Aufzugbriicke Drawbridge. 

Augen-angreifende Reizstoffe. . Lachrymators. 

Augen links! Eyes left! 

Augen rechts! Eyes right! 

Augenmerk zu rich ten To take care, direct attention. 

17106—17 2 



Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



n OERXAH XILITABY TERXS AVP ABBESyiA370V)f^. 

Augenglaser "Goggles/' 

Augentranen bekommen To lachrymate (owing to gas). 

Augenverbindung Visual connection. 

Aiisarbeiten(der Ladekammer) . Chambering (mining). 

Ausbau Consolidation or completion j(.of nt 

position); construction, improve- 
ment (of defenses). 

Ausbilden To train. 

Ausbildung Training. 

Ausbildungslager Instructional camp. 

Ausbreiten To extend. 

Ausbruch A breaking out, outbreak. 

Ausdehnen To extend. 

Ausdehnung Extent, extension. 

Ausfall Sortie. 

Ausfallstufe Sortie step. 

Ausfragen To interrogate. 

Ausfiihrung (kartographischer (Map) reproduction. 
Arbeiten). 

Ausf uhrungskommando Executive word of command. 

Au^bemagazin Refilling point. 

Ausgabestelle Refilling point, ammunition distrij^- 

uting depot. 

Ausgang Exit, entrance. 

Ausgangsfront Original front. 

Ausgangsgraben ''Down" trench. 

Ausgebeplatz Refilling point. 

Ausgehobener Recruit. 

Ausheben To recruit; to requisition; to con- 
struct, dig (trenches). 

Aushebung Levy, conscription. 

Aushebungsbezirk Recruiting district. 

Aushohlung Hollowing out, burrowing. 

Auskunftei Intelligence office. 

Auslade-Kommissar Detraining inspector. 

Ausladen To unload, detrain. 

Ausladepersonal Detraining personnel. 

Ausladeort |tt i j- j x • • i 

AusladeBtelle jUnloading or detraining place. 

Ausmustem To discharge, reject. 

Ausquartieren To change billets. 



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A]U8rauchen To smoke out. 

Ausratlmeu To clear out; to evacuate. 

Auspucken Tp march out, evacuate. 

Ausrtlckstarke Marching out strength. 

AusrOsten To equip. 

Ausrtistung Equipment. 

Ausrtistung, die gesamte (die Full marching order, 
voile). 

Ausrustung der groesen Bagage. Second line transport equipment. 

Ausrustimgsgegenstande Articles of equipment. 

Ausrustungssttick Article of equipment. 

Aussage (Gefangenen-) Prisoners' statements. 

Ausschachtung Excavation. 

Ausschalten To switch off, disconnect. 

Ausscheiden To retire, withdraw from; to keep 

separate; to reserve, detail. 

Ausscheiden(aus dem Kampfe).To put out of action. 

Ausschirren To unharness. 

Ausschlag Deflection (magnetic compass). 

Ausschliessen To lock out; to exclude. 

210schliesstaus, 469 Meld- "210 get off the line, 469 is sending 
ung. a report." 

Ausschlupfen To slip out, creep forth. 

Ausschwarmen To form a line of skirmishers. 

Aussendung Transmission (wireless, etc.). 

Aussenfort Detached fort. 

Aussenposten Advanced post. 

Aussenwache Outlying picket. 

Aussenwerk Outwork. 

ausser Dienst (a. D.) Retired (of ofl&cers). 

Auflsetzen To post (e. g., an outpost detach- 
ment); to expose. 

Ausstatten To equip, provide with. 

Ausstattung Equipment, provisioning. 

Aussteifem To strut (engineering). 

Aussteigeplatz Arrival platform. 

Ausstellen To post (a sentry). 

Austausch Exchange, relief. 

Ausweichgraben Support trench. 

Ausweichstelle Passing place (in trench, light rail- 
way, etc.). 



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20 GERMAN MHJTART TEBKS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 

Ausweie Authority, permit; notice, instruc- 
tions; consignment note. 
Dieser Femspruch gilt als This telephone conversation serves 
Ausweis. as authority. 

Ausweiskarte Pass, permit. 

Auswerfer Ejector. 

Auszieher Extractor. 

Auszimmerung Timbering of galleries (mining) . 

Auszug Extract (e. g., from orders); de- 
parture. 
In einen Auszug bringen. .To epitomize. 

Automobilkorps Automobile corps. 

Avancieren To promote. 

Avantgarde Advanced guard, vanguard. 

Aviatik "Aviatik" (a particular make of 

aeroplane); aviation 



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B. 

Backtrog Trough (sometimes formed into a 

raft). 

Backerei Bakery. 

Bagage (Gefechte, Groese) Transport (first line, second line). 

Bagagef tihrer Begimental transport officer. 

Bahnanlagen Railway buildings, etc. 

Bahnbauten Railway constructional works. 

Bahn brechen, sich To push one's way. 

Bahndamm Railway embankment. 

Bahnhof Railway station. 

Bahnhofskommandantur Office of railway station comman- 
dant. 

Bahnlange Pitch (bombing practice) . 

Bahnnetz Railway net, system. 

Bahnubergang Level crossing. 

Bahnwarter Plate-layer. 

Bajonett 1 Bayonet; dogl^ in a gallery (min- 
ing). 
Mit dem Bajonett begin- 

nen To commence the dog-l^ging (of 

galleries). 
Aufgepflanztes Bajonett. . .FixeJi bayonet. 

Mit gefalltem Bajonett With bayonet at the charge. 

Bajonettgriff Bayonet hilt. 

Bajonetthaft Bayonet stud. 

Bajonetthals \^ . , . 

Bajonetthflbe /^*y"'*^* ^''"*- 

Bajonettring Bayonet clasp. 

Bajonettstoss Pointing with the bayonet; bayonet 

thrust. 

Balken Baulk, log. 

Balkenbrticke Girder bridge. 

Ballon - Abwehr - Kanonen - Zug 

(B.A.K.Z.) Antiaircraft section. 

Ballonbrandgeechoss Incendiary bullet for use against 

balloons. 
Ballonhidle Envelope of balloon. 

21 



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88 OERKAH MILITABY TERMS AND ABBBETIATIONS. 

Band, weisses Surveyor's tape. 

Bandenkrieg...! Guerilla warfare. 

Bank Parapet, bank. 

Barake Hut. 

Barakenbau Hutting. 

ibarakenlagef Hut camp. 

Basis Base. 

BataiUon Battalion. 

^efeitschafts-Bataillon Battalion in support. 

Ruhe-Bataillon Battalion at rest. 

Stellungs-Bataillon Battalion in line. 

Batailloiisbureau Battalion orderly room. 

Bataillonskommahdeur Battalion commander. 

BataiUonsschreiber Orderly room clerk. 

Bataillonstambour Battalion drummer, drum major. 

Batterie Battery. 

Besetzte Batterie A battery which is occupied. 

Bespannte Batterie Horsed battery. 

Fahrende Batterie Field (artillery) battery. 

Gedeckte Batterie Concealed battery. 

In geoffneter Zugkolonne. .Battery column. 

Reitende Batterie Horse (artillery) battery. 

Schwimmende Batterie. . . Floating battery. 

Batteriechef Battery conmiander. 

featterieplan Battery board. \ 

Batterietrupp Reconnaissance personnel of field 

battery (with telescope, flags, di- 
rectors, telephone). 

Bauabteilung Entrenching detachment. 

Baudirektion Works department. 

Baugrube Shaft. 

Baukommando Working party. 

Baukompagnie Entrenching compJuiy, cohstnictiori 

company. 

Baulichkeiten Buildings. 

Bautrupp Constrtiction squad. 

Bauweise Method of btiildihg. 

Bauwesen (Militar) Military works department. 

Bayerisch Bavarian. 

H^&gia An inflammable product composed 

of carbide and other substances, 
used in acetylene safety lamp. 



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Beamt^ Official. 

Bedienungsmannschaften 

(einer Batterie) . , tersonnel, gun crew. 

Befehl Order. 

Befehligen To command a regiment; to be in 

command of. 

Befehlsaiisgabe Issue of orders. 

Befehlsbrucke Emergency bridge. 

Befehlsempfanger Representatives of formations for 

receiving orders. 

Befehlshaber General officer commanding. 

Befehlsstand I 

Befehkstelle |Commimd poet. 

Befehlstibermittlimg Transmission of orders. 

Befestigimg Fortification. 

Befestigungsanlagen Defenses. 

Befestigungsarbeit Defense work. 

Befestigungsbauten Defensive works. 

Befdrdem To promote; to dispatch. 

Befdrderung Promotion ; transport. 

Befdrderung dem Dienstalter 
nach Promotion by seniority. 

Befdrderung ausser der Reihe. .Promotion by selection. 

Befdrderungsliste Promotion roll. 

Befdrderungsmittel Means of transport. 

Befreiung Exemption. 

Begegnungsgefecht Encounter battle. 

Begleittnannschaft Escort; men detailed to assist. 

Begleitung Escort. 

B^raben To bury. 

Behandlung Treatment, handling. 

Behelf Expedient, makeshift, subterfuge. 

Behelfebriicke Temporary bridge. 

Behelfekonstruktion Makeshift type (e. g., of hand gren- 
ade). 

Behelismassig Improvised. 

Behelf sschlitten Improvised sledge. 

Beherrschen To rule over, commaild, overpower, 

control. 

Behdrden Authorities. 

Feldverwaltungs - Behdr- 
den Field administrative authorities. 



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M OEBXAK XILITABY TEBKS AHB ABBBETIATIONS. 

Beilage Annexe; inclosure; appendix. 

Beilplcke Pickax. 

Beinwickel Puttee. 

Beitreibung Requisitioning. 

Bekampfen To engage. 

Bekleidung Clothing; revetting (of a trench). 

Bekleidungsabteilung Clothing section of the intendance. 

Bekleidungsamt (B. A.) Clothing office. 

Bekleidungsstarke Clothing strength. 

Bekleidungsstiick Article of clothing. 

Bekleidungsvorschriften Dress regulations. 

Bekostigung Messing. 

Belag Roadway or planking (of a bridge). 

Belagem To beside. 

Belagerung Si^e. 

Belagerungsarmee Besi^ing army. 

Belagerungsartillerie Siege artillery. 

Belagerungskrieg Siege warfare. 

Belagerungs-Park Siege park. 

Belagerungs-Telegraphen - Ab- 
teilung Siege tel^raph detachment. 

Belagerungs-Train Si^e train. 

Beleg ' Document, proof, voucher. 

Belegen To cover; to occupy; to shell. 

Belegen mit Schnellfeuer To open rapid fire on. 

Bel^img Occupation; imposition, levy. 

Bel^ungsfahigkeit Maximum levy which a town can 

sustain; billeting capacity. 

Beleuchtungsmittel Illuminating material. 

Beleuchtungswagen Searchlight wagon. 

Benachrichtigung Informing, transmission of informa- 
tion. 

Benzinvorrat Petrol supply. 

Beobachter Observer. 

Beobachtung Observation. 

Beobachtimgslatte. Observation pole. 

Beobachtungsmittel Means of observation. 

Beobachtungsposten Look-out man. 

Beobachtungsspi^el Periscope. 

Beobachtungsstelle k , 

Beobachtungsstand [Observation post. 

Beobachtungswagen Observation wagon (field and foot 

artillery). 



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OEEMAN HILITABY TEBHS AND ABBBEVIATIONS. 26 

Bereich Zone, area. 

Ausser Bereich Out of range. 

Im Schuflsbereich Within range. 

Bereiten To prepare; to break in (a horse). 

Bereitl^en To make ready for use. 

Bereitschaf t (in) In readiness, in support. 

Bereitschaften Supports. 

Bereitschaftsbiichse I,,, „, , , 

Bereitechaftskapsel | ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^' 

Bereitschaf tskompagnie Support company. 

Bereitschaftsstellimg Support line. 

Bereitstellungsraum Point of assembly. 

Bergehalle (eines Luftschiffes). Airship shed. 

Bergeholz Rubbing strake (pontoon) . 

Berghang Hillside. 

Bergkompagnie Tunneling company; mining com- 
pany. 

Beigmannisch Relating to miners, mining. 

Beigstrich Hachuring, hatching (topog.) . 

Beigung Salvage. 

Bericht erstatten To make a report, report. 

Berichten To report. 

Berittener Feldjager Mounted courier. 

Berme Berm. 

Beriihnmg Contact. 

Besatz Braid (on cap, pantaloons, etc.). 

Besatzstreifen Cap band. 

Besatzung Garrison. 

Sicherheits-Besatzung Emerge/icy garrison. 

Beschaffenheit Nature, character. 

Beschiessen To shell, bombard, fire on. 

Der Lar ge nach beschies- To enfilade, 
sen. 

Beschotterung 1 . . .Road metal. 

Beschlagschmied. .• Farrier (below the **Fahnen- 

schmied" in rark). 

Beschlagzeug Farrier's tools. 

Beseitigen To neutralize (artillery); to remove 

(obstacles, etc.). 

Besichtigung Inspection. 

Beaiegen To defeat, conquer. 

Bespannungsabteilung Draught horse detachment (foot 

artillery). 



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Bespannung einer Batterie^ Battery teaiti. 

Besprechung Conf erefice (e.g., of officeref) . 

Beetand Supply; streiigtii (of a te^rttent). 

Bestand (eisemer) Iron ratioti. 

Bestandigkeit Stability. 

Bestandsaufnahme inventory. 

Bestatigen To confinn. 

Bestatigung ConflrmatioA, sanction. 

Besteck Case of instnimelits (e. g., suigicai). 

Bestrafen To punish. 

Bestreichen To sweep (e. g., with artillery fire) . 

Bestreichung (toter Winkel). . .Sweeping (dead ground). 

Beteiligen (sich, an) To participate in. 

Beton Concrete. 

Betonarbeiten Concrete work. 

Betonbaii Concrete structure. 

Betonbaukompagnie Concrete construction company. 

Betoniert Made of concrete. 

Betonschicht Apron of concrete. 

Betonstarke Thickness in concrete. 

Betontrupp Concrete construction section. 

Betonunterstand Concrete dug-out. 

Betreffend (betr.) L - -.u t 

Betreffs (betr.) jConceming, with reference to. 

Betriebsabteilung Traffic departriient. 

Betriebseinheit Traffic unit. 

Betrieb^ebiet Traffic district. 

Betriebsinspektion Traffic inspection. 

Betriebsmaterial Holling-stock. 

Betriebsplan Time table (railway traffic). 

Bettung l*latforrii, bedplate. 

Bettungs-staffel Platform ectelori (ih mortar battery). 

Beunruhigungsfeuer Harassing or disturbing fire. 

Beurlauben To give leave. 

Beurlaubtenstand Officers and liien'ori furloughed lists 

in peace time, i. e., officers and 
men liable to tnilitary service whd 
are riot actually with the colors. 

Beurlaubter Man absent on leave. 

Beute Booty. 

Beutezug Raid. 

feevorstehend Immine'rit, ifii|)eriding. 



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Bewackui^ Guard, guacrding. 

BewaffnuDg Afntis, arming, armament. 

Be waldet Wdod ed . 

Dicht bewaldet Closely wooded. 

Bewassem To iMgate. 

Bew^lichkeit Jtobility. 

Bewegungskrieg Open fighting; field warfare. 

In der Bewegung On the move. 

Etne Bew^triig sttisftihferi To maneuver, 
lassen. 

BewilliguDg Approval, concession, grant. 

Bewurf I'lastering, mortar. 

Bezeicimung UesigDation (of units). 

Bezieheir To take possession of; to draw (ra- 
tions). 

Ein Lager beziehen To pitch camp. 

feinen Posten beziehen To occupy a piost. 

Die Wache beziehet To mount the guard. 

Quartier beziehen 'f o go into billets. 

Bezirk District. 

Bezirkskommando District command . 

Bezirksoffizier District oflSeet. 

Biude Bandage; belt, sash. 

Bindeleine Lashing. 

Bindestrange Traces. 

Biwak Bivouac. 

Ortsbiwak Close billets. 

Biwaksbedttrfniffle Bivouac requisites. 

Biwaksfcotnmaridant Bivouac commander. 

Biwaksplatz Bivouac ground. 

OflBizier vom Biwaksdielist. Officer on bivouac duty. 

Blanke Waffen Cold steel. 

Blasebalg Bellows. 

Blasen To blow, to *fund (bugle calls). 

Blasverfahren Emission of gas clouds. 

Blatt Leaf, sheet; record. 

Blaue fiohneii Bullets (colloquial). 

Blausaure Ptussic acid . 

Blech Sheet iron. 

Blechbtichse tin box; container (tot^istMt), 

Blechflasche Tin watet bottle. 

Blechtafel dorHigated iron sheet. 



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28 OESIIAN MHITASY TEBHS AND ABBBEVIATIONS. 

Blechtomister Water can (slung like a pack). 

Bleikem Lead core (of bullet). 

Blende Loophole; screen. 

Blendlateme Dark lantern. 

Blind Blind. 

Blind feuem To fire with blank. 

Blindganger A "blind." 

Blind gehen To desert. 

Blind laden To load with blank. 

Blindschuss Blank cartridge. 

Blinkstation Lamp signaling station. 

Vom Bock fahren To drive from the box. 

Bock Box of a vehicle; trestle (bridging). 

Blockhaus Blockhouse (also used to describe a 

machine-gun emplacement). 

Blosslegen To expose. 

Bluse Jacket, field service jacket (latest 

pattern without buttons). 

Bockbein Trestle leg. 

Bockbrticke Trestle bridge. 

Bockgerat Trestle gear. 

Bockholm Transom. 

Bockkeile Wedges. 

Bockwagen Trestle wagon. 

Bockwinden Block and tackle. 

Boden. ..-. Ground, earth. 

Bodenbedeckung features (of landscape). 

Bodenflache Surface of the ground. 

Bodensttick Ground sill of a frame (mining). 

Bodenztinder Base fuze. 

Bogenbahn Trajectory. 

Bogenschuss High angle fire. 

Bohle Thick plank, board, "duck board.*' 

Bohrloch Bore hole, auger hole. 

Bohrmaschine Boring machine. 

Bohrmine Bored mine (mining). 

Bohrpatrone Small cylindrical blasting cartridge 

used in auger holes, etc. 

Bohrschiisse Shots (blasting). 

Bohrzange Bore pincers (mining). 

Bdller Small mortar. 

Bolzen Bolt. 



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OEEMAN HILITABY TEBHS AND ABBBEVIATIONS. 29 

Bombe Bomb (used by aeroplanes). 

Bombensicher Shell-proof (against contonuous bom- 
bardment by 8-inch guns and 
heavy "Minenwerfer/' or single 
hits by heavier natures). 

Boschimg.. Slope (of a trench). 

Bote Messenger. 

Brandbombe Incendiary bomb. 

Brandgeschoss 1, ,. , „ 

Ty , . i Incendiary shell. 

Brandgranate J '' 

Brandloch Gas-escape hole. 

Brandlochverschlussplatte Escape-hole disk. 

Brandmine Minenwerfer incendiary shell. 

Brandrakete Incendiary rocket. 

Brandrohr Incendiary flare. 

Brandsatz Powder train. 

Brandwirkung Incendiary effect. 

Brecheisen Crowbar. 

Brechreizend Acting as an emetic (gas shell). 

Brechstange Crowbar. 

Breite (geographische) Latitude. 

Breitenstreuung Dispersion, lateral error in shooting. 

BremsflQssigkeit Liquid for filling recoil buffer. 

Bremsschuh Brake shoe. 

Brenndauer Duration of burning (of fuze). 

Brennlange Time of burning or setting of fuze. 

Brennpunkt Focus; point of burst. 

Brennzeit Time of burning (of fuze). 

Brennztinder (Bz) Time fuze. 

Bresche Breach. 

Bresche schiessen To make a breach. 

Brett Plank; chess (bridging). 

Brettem, bekleidet mit Revetted with planks. 

Bretterschuppe Wooden shed. 

Brettstapelbriicke Wooden bridge on piles. 

Brett-Tafel Tailboard. 

Brieftaube Carrier pigeon. 

Brief tauben-Abteilung Carrier-pigeon detachment. 

Brief taubenschirrmeister Carrier-pigeon service, staff sergeant 

of. 

Brief taubenschlag Carrier-pigeon loft. 



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Brigade (1) '^Brigade" of field artillery == 

2 j?egiment8=12 batteries; (2) bri- 
gade of infantry =2 or 3 regiments; 
(3) brigade of cavalry =2 regiments. 

Brigadier Lieutenant colonel of military police 

(Prussia): military polic^ipaii 
(Saxony). 

Brillen Spectacles, goggles (gas mask). 

Brillen mit Cellonglasem Goggles with cellone eyepieces. 

Brisante Eigenschaft Shattering effect. 

Brisanzpulver High explosive (H. E.). 

Brisanzwirkung High explo^ve (H. p.) ejQfect. 

Bronze-Morser (?1 cm.) bronze mortar. 

Brotbeutel Haversack. 

Brotbeutelband Haversack strap. 

Bruchpunkt Eenentrant (of a trench). 

Bruchteile Fragments; disconnected por tjo?^ 

(of trench, etc.). 

Briickenleitung Laddered circuit (electrical). 

Brtickenpfeiler Bridge pier. 

Briickensteg Footbridge. 

Briickentrain Bridging train. 

Brtickenwage Weighing machine, weigh-bridge. 

Briickenwagen Bridge wagon. 

Brunnenbaukommando Company for sinking and cwistruct- 

ing wells. 

Brustklappe Plastron (of lancer's tunic), breast- 
plate. 

Brustpanzer I 

BrustechUd jBreaetplate. 

Brustwehr Parapet, breastwork. 

Buchhalter Bookjceeper. 

Biichse Eifie. 

Biichsenmacher (now = Waf- 
fenmeister) Axmorer. 

Bugel Stirrup; ring, hoop; txiggCT gu«ur4- 

Bundesrat Federal council. 

Biirgerlicher Beruf Occupation in civil life. 

Bursche Officer's servant. 

Burschenzimmer Orjierlies' room. 

Bussole Compass (magnetic). 



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Cadre Cadre. 

Oellon ** Cellone " (a material like ceiluloid). 

Oellonglaeer Cellone eyepieces (in goggles of gas 

mask). 

Central Central, exchange (telephone). 

Centralnachweisbureau Central information bureau. 

Cemieren To invest, besiege, blockade. 

Cemierungsheer Investing army, besieging forces. 

Charakterisiert Brevet (rank). 

Cbargen Officers and nwicommissioned offi- 
cers. 

Chargenpferd Officer's charge. 

Chargierten Officers and noncommissioned offi- 
cers. 

Chaussee Main road, high road. 

Chefarzt Senior medical officer. 

Chef des Feldeisenbahnwesens . Director of railways. 

Chef des Feldsanitatswesens Director general of medical services 

of the field army. 

Chef des Feldtelegraphen- 

wesens ^. Director erf signals. 

Chef des Generalstabes. ... Chief of the General staff 

Chevaulegers (Not translated; German term re- 
tained) Bavarian light cavalry. 

Chiffre Cipher. 

Chiffreschrift Cipher writing. 

Chiffrieren To encipher. 

Chlorgas Chlorine (gas). 

Chlorkalke bleaching powder, chloride of lime. 

Chlorkohlenoxyd phosgene (gas). 

Civil (in) In plain clothes. 

31 



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D. 

Dachpappe Roofing felt. 

Dachsbau Dug-out (colloquial). 

Dampfablassschlauch Condeneer tube (machine gun). 

Daretellung Representation (topog. ). 

Dauer Durability, duration. 

Dauerbefehle Standing orders. 

Dauerfleisch Preserved meat. 

Dauerlau! Running exercise. 

Dauermarsch Forced march. 

Dauemd untauglich Permanently unfit. 

Deckbezeichnung Code designation, code name. 

Deckblatter Corrigenda, amendments. 

Decke Cover, blanket; tarpaulin; roof of 

a gallery (mining); roof of a dug- 
out. 

Deckenstarke Thickness of cover, strength of 

cover. . ^ 

Deckenstiick Top sill of a frame (mining). 

Deckname Code name. 

Deckplan Wagon cover. 

Deckung Cover. 

Deckimg gegen Sicht Cover from view. 

Deckungsgraben Support trench, cover trench. 

Deckungslager Camp protected from view, but not 

from fire; concealed catiap. 

Deckutigslinie Line of defence. 

Deckungsmannschaft Escort; covering party. 

Deckungsmaterial Roofing. 

Deckungstruppen Covering party. 

Deckwort Code word. 

Degen Sword (infantry and engineers). 

l'S^-::-::::::::::::::>-^^^^- 

Degenklinge Sword blade. 

Degenknauf \c» j i 

TV , t rSword pommel. 

Degenknopf J *^ 

32 



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QEBHAN MIUTABY TEBHS AND ABBBEVIATIONS. 8a 

D^enkoppel Sword belt. 

D^enscheide Scabbard. 

Degenschneide Sword edge. 

D^enspitze Sword point. 

D^enstoss Sword thrust. 

Deichsel .Pole (of a vehicle). 

Demobilmachung Demobilization . 

Demontieren (ein Geschutz). . .To disable, cripple (a gun). 

Depesche Despatch, telegram . 

Detonation Detonation. 

Detonieren To detonate. 

Dienen To serve, to be in the army. 

Von der Pike auf dienen... To rise from the ranks. 
Dienst Duty, service. 

Innerer Dienst Routine duty. 

Dienstabzeichen Distinguishing mark or badge. 

Dienstalter Seniority. 

Dienstanweisung Notification to serve. 

Dienstanzug Drill order. 

Dienstbeschadigung Wounds or injuries contracted on 

service. 

Diensteintritt Entry into the service. 

Dienstf ahig entlassen Discharged as fit. 

Dienstgrad Rank. 

Dienstleistimg Duty. 

Zur Dienstleistimg kom- Temporarily attached for duty, 
mandiert. 
Dienstlicher Schriftverkehr. . .Official correspondence. 

Dienstpferd Troop horse. 

Dienstpflicht Liability for service. 

Dienstraum Office . 

Dienstsi^el Official seal. 

Dienststempel Official stamp. 

Diensttauglich Fit for service. 

Diensttuend Doing duty. 

Dienstunfahig ^Disabled, noneffective, incapaci. 

Dienstimtauglich J tated for service. 

Dienstunterricht Instruction, drill, 

Dienstvorschrift (en) Regulations. 

Dienstweg Official channel. 

Dienstzeit Period of service. 

Dienstzweig Branch of service. 

1710^—17 3 



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Direktion Directorate. 

Diskushandgranate Disc hand grenade. 

Disposition, zur (z.D.) On half pay (of c^ceTB). 

Distriktoffizier District officer of miUtftr]^ |K>ticie. 

Division Division. 

Divisionsadjutant Divisional administrative «taff 

officer. 
Divisionsarzt Asastant nodical ^dfficer wilh 

division. 

Divisionsauditeur Divisional judge advocate. 

Divisionsbefehl Divisional order, 

Divisionsbruckentrain Divisional bridging traia.. 

DIvlsion^fechtsBtand Divisional battle headquarters. 

Divisionsintendant Divisional intendant. 

Divisionspfarrer Divisional chaplain. 

Divisionsstabsquartier Divisional headquarters. 

Dolch Dagger. 

Dolchmesser Clasp knife. 

Doll Thole pin (boat). 

Dolmetscher Interprets. 

Doppeldecker Biplane. 

Doppelfemglaser Binoculars. 

Doppelfemrohr Binocular telescope. 

Doppelgeleise Double track (railway). 

Doppelkolonne Column of subsections (artillery and 

machine guns). 

Doppellaufig Double barrelled. 

Doppelleitung Double circuit; metallic circuit. 

Doppelposten Double sentry post. 

Doppelsteme Lights showing a double star. 

Doppelz finder (Dz.) Time and percussion fuze. 

Domb alken ' * Pin " baulks . 

Drachenballon Kite balloon (sausage-shaped). 

Dragoner Dragoon. 

Dragoner-Regiment Dragoon regiment. 

Draht Wire. 

Blanker Draht Bare wire (electrical). 

Drahteinzaunung Wire fence. 

Drahtgeflecht Wire netting. 

Drahtgeschutz Wire gun. 

Drahtgitter Wire netting. 

Drahthindernis "Wire, " wire entanglemfotit. 



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^BSlCAir MILITABY TESMS AND ABBRSVIATIOliy. 85 

Drahtieitting Wire, lead (electrical). 

Drahtlose Telegraphic Wireless tel^;raphy. 

Drahtnagd Wire nails. 

Drahtnetz » . . ^ . ^ Wire entanglement. 

DrahtroUen Wire cylinders (of entanglements). 

Drahtschere .Wire cutter, wire rfiears. 

Drahtscherertrupp Wire-cutting squad. 

Drahtschlinge Wire loop. 

Drahtseil Wire rope. 

Drahtverhau "Wire,** wire entanglei^ent. 

Drahtwalzenhindemis Cylinder of wire (for entanglements). 

Drahtzange Wire nippers, pliers. 

Drahtzaun Wire fence. 

Drall Twist of rifling (gun or rifle). 

Gleichbleibender Drall Uniform twist. 

Zunehmender Drall Increasing twist. 

Draufgehen To advance. 

Drehbank Lathe. 

Drehbolzen Pivot bolt. 

Drehbrticke Swing bridge. 

Drehen To turn, to wheel. 

Drehung Rotation, turn, twist. 

Drehscheibe ^ Turn table (on railway), traversing 

plate (of trench mortar). 

Dreieckpunkt Triangulartion &t0»tion. 

Dreifuss Tripod. 

Dreifusslafette Tripod mounting. 

Dreischichteneinsatz Three-layer drum (for gas mask). 

Dressieren To train, break in. 

Drilchanzug Canvas clothing. 

Drillich or Drilch Canvas, drill. 

Drohen To threaten, be imminent. 

Drohnen To boom. 

Druckarbeiten Printing work. 

Druckpumpe Force pump. 

Driickeberger Malingerer; shirker. 

Drucker Trigger. 

Durchbrechen To break through, penetrate, pierce. 

Eine Blockade durch- To run a blockade. 

brechen. 
Strategischer Durchbruch. . Strategical penetration. 
Durchbruch Breaking through, penetration. 



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36 QEBIIAN lOLITASY TESHS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 

Durchdringen To penetrate, force one's way- 
through. 

Durchffihren To accomplish, cany out. 

Einen Angriff durch- To drive home an attack, 
ftthren. 

Durchf (ihrung (einer Belage- Prosecution (of a si^e). 
rung). 

Durchgang Gangway; passage, thoroughfare. 

Durchgangsschein Permit. 

Durchgebildet Experienced, well trained. 

Durchlassposten Examination post. 

Durchlaufender Erdaufwurf Continuous parapet. 

Durchlaufendes Drahthin- Continuous wire entanglement, 
demis. 

Durchldchem To riddle with bullets. 

Durchmesser Diameter. 

Durchschiessen To cut by fire. 

Durchschlag Carbon copy. 

Durchschlag Breaking into the enemy's gallery 

(mining). 

Durchschlagen To penetrate. 

Durchschneiden To cut through, intersect. 

Durchschnitt Average. 

Durchschnittszeichnung Sectional sketch. 

Durchstoss Breaking through, inroad. 

Durchstossung Bayonet wound, wound caused by 

a stab or thrust. 

Durchwaten To ford, wade through. 

Dynamit .Dynamite. 



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E. 

Eben Even, level. 

Sbene Plain (subst.). 

£;bnen To make level, flatten (artillery bom- 
bardment). 

Eckbalken Comer post. 

Eckbrett Bracket. 

Eckholzer Squared timber. 

Ecksaule Corner pillar. 

Egge Harrow; also a plank with nails 

driven and projecting through it 
used as an obstacle. 

Ehrenbezeugungen Military compliments (e. g., salut- 
ing). 

Eichenspreitzen Oak stays. 

Eierhandgranate "Egg" hand greande. 

Eile Hurry. 

Eilig Urgent. 

Eilmarsch. , Forced march. 

Einarbeiten To acquaint oneself thoroughly with. 

Einarbeiten, gegenseitiges Mutual acquaintance with each 

other's methods. 

Einbau Digging in, mounting. 

Einbauen (der Batterien) Digging in (of batteries). 

Einbau ten Structures in field fortification (e. g., 

shelters, O. P.'s, etc.). 

Einbautrupp Working party for constructing em- 
placements. 

Einbrechen To invade. 

Einbruch Raid, breaking in, penetration, in- 
vasion. 

Einbruchstelle Point of entry (of a raid). 

Eindecker .Monoplane. 

Eindeckung Overhead cover, recess. 

Eindeckungen (f ortlaufende) . . Continuous recesses (under parapet). 

Eindringen To break into, penetrate, enter. 

87 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



88 OEBIIAN HILITABY TEBHS AND ABBBEVIATIONS. 

Einfall Collapse; invasion; idea striking 

one's mind. 

Einfallen To fall in; to invade. 

Einfallswinkel Angle of descent. 

Einfordem To call in; to demand. 

Eingedeckt (schiisssicher) In shell-proof emplacement. 

Eingedeckt werden To be covered in, or completely 

* * blinded " (trench or other worka), 

Eingraben (sich) *. . - To dig oneself in. 

Eingreifen To come into action. 

Einheit Unit; unity. 

Einheits-geschoss Universal or combined (H. E. and 

shrapnel) shell. 

Einimpfen To inoculate, to inject (serum). 

Einjilhrig-Freiwilliger One-year volunteer. 

Einkehlen To groove; to provide with a gutter. 

Einleben To become thoroughly acquainted 

with (e. g., a new position). 

Einleiten einen Angriff To prepare an attack; to b^:in an 

attack. 

Einmessen To fix (e. g., battery aiming points). 

Einmundung Entrance (e. g., where a communica- 
tion trench enters a fire trench). 

Einnehmen To occupy, conquer. 

Einquartieren To billet, quarter troops. , 

Einrichten To erect, organize, arrange, settle, 

prepare. 

Einrichtung Airangement, order. 

Nach Einrichtung der 

neuen Stellen After the installation of the new 

stations. 

Einrftcken Moving in (e. g., of troops into bil- 
lets); to be called up (of recruits). 

Einsatz Bringing up, employment, bringing 

into action, engagement; breath- 
ing drum of gas mask (in which 
case it is a contraction for "Atem- 
einsatz"). 
Munitionseinsatz Expenditure of ammunition. 

Binschalten To switch on (electrical); to insert 

(a unit between other units in 
line). 



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onxAS JouTAiY xiAxa AVB Aii]urR4Tit]ra a» 

Cinsch&rfen Te inculcate. 

CinschichteBeiBaata Single layer drum (for gas mask*). 

Binschiessen, each To r^^ister, begin vegifltratioiA, £nd 

the range. 

Cinschiessensverfahren Be^tration. 

Cinschiffen ,To embarl^. 

Cinschlagen To strike (of projectiles). 

Binschlagsknall R^ort of a shell burst. 

!Einschliessen To comprise, include. 

Cinsehlieesung Investment (fortress). 

Cinschneiden To dig in. 

Cinschnitt Emplacement, embrasure. 

[Einschraubz under Fuze (which is screwed in). 

Einsetzen To introduce, insert; to put in (e. g., 

troops into the line, into the fight , 
etc.), engage. 
Am Apparat eingesetzt Engaged at the telephone (collo- 
quial). 
Artilleriefeuer einsetzen. . .Open fire with artillery. 

Einspannen To hook in (horses). 

Einspringender (Winkel) Re-entrant (angle). 

Elnspritzen. To inject. 

Einsteigbrik^ke Gangway (for entraining purposes), 

ramp. 

Einstellen To put in; to suspend. 

Feuer einstellen To cease fire. 

Ein Pferd einstellen To stable a horse. 

Rekruten einstellen To enlist recruits. 

Einen StoUen einstellen.. .To stop a gallery (mining). 
In einen Truppenteil einge- 

stellt werden To be posted to a imit. 

Sich wieder einstellen To return. 

Einstellung Recruiting, enlistment; suspension. 

Zeitweilige Einstellung — Temporary suspension ; intermis- 
sion. 

Einsturz Collapse, fall, downfall. 

SiastursB eines Schachtes Caving in of a shaft. 

Einteilen To divide into, detail. 

Einteilung Division, graduation, dispositioB ; 

'*order of battle.*' 

Eintreten To enter, to join the army. 

Einverleibt Absorbed. 



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40 QEBKAN MILITARY TEBXS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 

Einvernehmen Understanding;. 

Einweiser Guide (into the trenches). 

EinzelaufzShlung Detailed enumeration. 

Einzelfeuer Independent fire. 

Einzelheiten Details. 

Einzelscharte Ordinary loophole. 

Einzelschuss Single round. 

Einzeltreffer Single direct hit. 

Einziehen To withdraw. 

Einzug Entry (of troops into a town, etc.). 

Eisenbahnarbeiterkompagnie . .Railway labor company. 

Eisenbahnbaukompagnie Railway construction company. 

Eisenbahnbetriebsamt Railway traffic office. 

Eisenbahnbetriebskompagnie. .Railway traffic company. 

Eisenbahndamm Railway embankment. 

Eisenbahndurchschnitt Cutting. 

Eisenbahnnetz Network of railways, railway sys- 
tem. 

Eisenbahnschienen Rails. 

Eisenbahnschwellen Sleepers. 

Eisenbahntruppen Railway troops. 

Eisenbeton Reinforced concrete. 

Eisenbetonkuppel Reinforced concrete cupola. 

Eisenbewehrung Reinforcement (ferroconcrete). 

Eisenblechrahmen Sheet-iron frame. 

Eisendraht Iron wire. 

Eisenflechtung Reinforcement (ferroconcrete). 

Eisenklammer Dogs (in timber work). 

Eisenklingeln Metallic noise. 

Eisenmeissel Iron chisel. « 

Eisenpfahl Iron stake, post. 

Eisenpfosten .Iron post. 

Eisenplatte Iron plate. 

Eisenstange Iron rod. 

Eisenteile Iron or metal parts. 

Eisentrager Iron girder. 

Eisemer Bestand Iron ration (also used in connection 

with artillery ammunition). 

Eiseme Portion Iron ration. 

Eisemes Kreuz (E.K.) Iron cross. 

Eisnagel Frost nails. 

Elektrikertrupp Electrician detachment. 



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GEBXAN HHITABY TEEMS AND ABBEEYIATIONS. 41 

Elemente (unklare) Suspects. 

Elevationswinkel Elevation of a gun. 

Ellboprenfuhlung Close touch. 

Empfangsabt^ilung Reception detachment (of main 

dressing station). 

Empfangsbescheinigung Receipt voucher, 

Empfangsstelle Receiving station. 

Endstation Terminus. 

Englanderwache Guard for British prisoners of war. 

Engpass Pass, defile. 

Engquartier Close billets. 

Ente "Dud "shell (colloquial). 

Entbldssen To lay bare; to expose (a wing). 

Entfalten To deploy. 

Entfaltung Deploymeilt. 

Entfemung Distance, range. 

Entfemung aus der Armee Expulsion from the army. 

Entfemungsmesser Telemeter, range finder. 

Entfemungsschatzer Range taker. 

Entgegengehen To go to meet, encounter. 

Entgehen, einem To escape one^s notice; to lose; to 

miss. 

Entkommen To escape. 

Entladen To unload, discharge. 

Entlausen To disinfect, rid of vermin. 

Entlausungsstube Disinfecting room. 

Entl lifter Suction pump for extracting bad air 

from a mine. 

Entsatz Relief. 

Entsatzarmee Relieving army. 

Entsatzmannschaft Relief column. 

Entscheidung Decision. 

Entscheidungskampf 1 . . 

Entecheidungsschlacht [ I>^i«ive battle. 

Entschlammen To free from mud. 

Entsetzen (eine Festung) To relieve, succor (a fortress). 

Entseuchen To disinfect. 

Entsprechend Suitable, corresponding. 

Entstankerungspatrone Deodorising cartridge (for getting rid 

of gas). 

Entwaffnen To disarm 

Entwasserungsanlagen Drainage arrangements. 



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4» QEElUJr XXLITA&T TEBXS AHB ABlBBlFXATZOirS. 

Entwiissenmgsgraben DraiBing trench. 

Entweichen To escape. 

Entwicklung Deployment, extensioa ; devel<qp- 

ment. 
Entwurf Draft (of document), rough sketch, 

project, provi^oaid edition (t«3(t- 

books, regulations^ etc,), 
^ntziehen To withdraw, screen' (from view, 

fire, etc.). 

Entziffem To decipher. 

Entziinden To inflame, light. 

Epauletten Epaulettes. 

Equitations-Anstalt School of Equitation (Bavaria). 

Erbeuten To secure, capture (booty). 

Erdarbeit Digging, 

Erdaufwurf Heap of earth, mound. 

Erdaufwurf (durchlaufender) . .Continuous parapet. 

Erden Earths (telephone, etc.). 

Erdkabel Buried cable. 

Erdleitung Earth, earth line. 

Erdmdrser Earth mortar, buried trench mtwtar. 

Erdoberflache Surface of the ground. 

Erdpolster Cushion of earth. 

Erdsappe (fltichtige) Flying sap. 

Erdstation Ground station. 

Erd telegraph Power buzzer (telegraphy) . 

Erdvorlage Layer of earth (in front of concrete 

wall, etc.). 

Erfahrungen Experiences. 

Erfahrungsgemass As a result of experience. 

Erfordem To demand, request, ask lor. 

Erforderlich Requisite. 

Erfordemis Requirement. 

Erfiillen To observe, fulfill. 

Erganzend Supplementary, completing. 

Erganzung Complement; recruiting. 

Erganzungsbedarf D^ciency . 

Erganzungsmaanachaften Drafts. 

Erganzuni^lanquadrat Supplementary squaring of a mxp» 

Erganzungszug Supplementary section (applied to 

extra machine gun units lornked in 

1916. The t«rm is now obsolete). 



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QXUCAJI XmTA&T TSmMS AND ABBBXTIATIOm. iS 

fiigeben (sich) To surrender. 

£kgebms Occurrence; ' result, consequence, 

sequel. 

Digreilen To seize, take up (arms). 

Erhebung Elevation, rising ground. 

Erhebungen und Falt«i Undulating ground. 

Erhdhen To increase. 

£rhdhung Elevation, height, hill, commanding 

point. 

Erhdhungswinkel Angle of elevation. 

Erkennen To recognize. 

ErkennungiNnarke Identity disk. 

Erkennungswort Watchword, countersign. 

Erkennungszeichen Distinguishing mark. 

Erklarung Declaratixm. 

Erkunden To examine, reconnoiter. 

Erkundung Reconnaissance. 

Erkundungsabteilung Reconnoitering party. 

Erkundungseigebnlsse Results of reconnoissance. 

Erkundungspatrouille Reconnoitering patrol. 

Erkundigen, sich nach To inquire after. 

Erkundigung Inquiry. 

Erkundigungsabteilung Reconnoitering detachment. 

Erkundigungskonunando I ' 

ErkundigungspatrouiUe {Reconnaissance patrol. 

Erlass Order. 

Kriegsministerieller Erlass. War ministry <Hder. 

Einen Befehl erlassen To issue, publish an order. 

Erlaubnisscheln Permit. 

Erlautemd Inquiries being made •{found at the 

botom of messages). 

Erl&uterung Explanation. 

Erledigungsschein Receipt. 

Erleiden To suffer. 

Ermachtigung Authorization. 

Ermitteln To ascertain, determine. 

Emte Harvest.' 

Emtekompagnie. Harvesting company. 

Erdffnen (Feuer) To open (fire). 

Erdffnung Op^oing. 



Digitized 



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44 GERMAN WOJTAMY TESXS AND ABBBEYIATIONS. 

Ersatz ^ "Ersatz," supplement, reinforce- 
ment, draft, depot; substitute. 
The word "Ersatz,'* when used 
alone means "draft" or "reenforce- 
ment. ' ' When prefixed to the title 
of a unit, e. g., "Ersatz Battalion," 
it either means "depot" or "sup- 
plementary unit formed by a de- 
pot." (See also "Ersatz Reserve"). 

ErsatzbehOrden Recruiting authorities. 

Ersatzgestellung Substitute, replacement. 

Ersatzglaser Spare mirrors (for periscope). 

Ersatzkompagnie Depot company, ' ' Ersatz " company. 

Ersatzmagazin Reserve depot. 

Ersatzmannschaften Drafts. 

Ersatzmittel Spare parts (telephone, etc.). 

Ersatzreserve "Ersatz Reserve "(category of men 

surplus to the annual contingent 
required for the army in peace). 

Ersatzreservist "Ersatz " reservist. 

ErsatzstoUen Substitute (alternative) gallery (min- 
ing). 

Ersatzstticke Spare parts. 

Ersatztruppen Depot troops. 

Ersatztruppenteil Depot unit. 

Erschiessen To shoot dead, execute. 

Erschtitterungshalbmesser Radius of rupture (mining). 

Erstatten (Bericht) To make a report. 

Ersticken (im Keim) To nip (in the bud). 

Erstickendes Gas Suffocatii^ or asphyxiating gas. 

Erstrecken, sich To extend (e. g., "das Feuer er- 

streckte sich bis zum rechten 
Eompagnieabschnitt" = the fire 
extended as far as, etc.). 

Erstiirmen To take by assault. 

Ersttirmung Assault. 

Erweis ' '. . .Proof, demonstration. 

Erwiderungsfeuer Retaliation fire. 

Erzwingen To force, gain by force. 

Eskadron Squadron. 

Eskadronskolonne Squadron column. 

Etappen Lines of communication (L. of C). 



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QEEKAN HHITABY TEEXS AND ABBBEYIATIONS. 45 

Etappenanfangsort Home base. 

Etappenarzt Deputy director of medical services 

(L. of C). 

Etappendelegierter Delegate for the L. of C. 

Etappendepotms^zin Depot on L. of C. 

Etappen-Eiserfbahn-Direktioii.L. of C. railway directorate. 

Etappen-Fernsprech-Depdt L. of C. telephone depot. 

Etappen-Flug-Park L. of 0. aviation park. 

Etappenfuhrparkkolonne L. of C. supply park. 

Etappengebiet L. of C. area. 

Etappen-Hauptort L. of C. main depot. 

Etap}>enhilf8backereiabteilung.L. of 0. auxiliary bakery detach- 

ment. 

Etappen-Kommandantur L. of C. commandant's office. 

Etappen-Lazarett L. of C. stationary hospital. 

Etappenmagazin Depot on L. of C. 

Etappen-Ort Post on L. of C. 

Etappen-Sammelkompagnie . . .L. of C. collecting company. 

Etappen-Sanitats-Depot Advanced depot of medical stores. 

Etappen - Tel^raphen - Direk- 

tion L. of C. telegraph directorate. 

Etat (niederer, hdherer) Establishment (higher, lower); bud- 
get. 

Etatsmassig On the establishment. 

Exerzieren To drill. 

Exerziermarsch Drill step. 

Exerziermassig As if it were a drill. 

Exerzierreglement Drill book. 

Exerzierpatrone Dimimy cartridge. 

Exerzierplatz Drill ground. ^ 

Explosionsmotor Internal combustion engine. 

Exzellenz Excellency (title given to lieutenant 

generals and senior ranks in the 
German Army). 



Digitized 



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F. 

• 

Fabrik Factory. 

Fabrikleitung Factory management. 

Fach Compartment (in a box); branch, 

department; trade, profession. 

Facharbeiter Technical worker. 

Fachleute Specialists. 

Fachwerkbrticke Truss bridge. 

Fahnrich Aspirant officer (second stage), en- 
sign. 

Fahnrichsprtifung Ensigns' examination (of cadets be- 
fore posting as ensign, etc.). 

Fahne Flag, colors, standard. 

Fahne, auf Dienst bei der On active service. 

Fahnenflucht Desertion. 

Fahnenfluch tiger Deserter. 

Fahnenjunker Aspirant officer (first stage). 

Fahnenschmied Farrier. 

Fahrbar Practicable for wheeled traffic. 

Fahrbiindel Float (for improvised floating bridge). 

Fahre Ferry . 

Fahrdisposition Time table (railway). 

Fahrende Batterie Field artillery battery. 

Fahrer Driver. 

Fahrrad Bicycle. 

Fahrtanweis 1„. , , , ., 

Fahrtliste |Time table (railway). 

Fahrtnummer N-umber given to draft of reinforce- 
ments. 

Fahr- und Marsch-Tafeln Tables of railway movements and 

marches. 

Fahrzeug Vehicle. 

Fallen To fell. 

Das Bajonett fallen To bring the bayonet to the charge. 

Fallbrticke Drawbridge. 

Fallschirm Parachute. 

Fallschirmrakete Parachute light. 

46 



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OBUUJr MILZTA&Y TBBXS AND ABBBEVIATI0N8. 47 

Fallwinkel Angle of descent. 

Faltboot Collapsible boat. 

Faltbootlwttcke Bridge of collapsible boats. 

Falte Fdd, hollow. 

Falten (Erhebungen und) Undxilations. 

Falzartiger Halter Grooved charger or strip (magazine 

rifle). 

Fangschnnr Cap lines, busby lines. 

Faschine Fascine. 

Faschinenbekleidung Fascine revetment. 

Fassen To hold, to seize (slang for *'bezie- 

hen," to draw rations). 
Fassung Loading space, holding capacity 

(railway). 

Fassungsvermogen Holding capacity (dug-outs, etc. ) . 

Faustriemen Sword-knot. 

Fechten To fight, fence. 

Feder^)amiung Tension of spring (in machine gun, 

etc.). 

Fehlanzeige Nil report. 

Fehlen To miss, err; to lack. 

Fehler Fault, mistake, miss. 

Fehlerhaft Faulty. 

Fehlgehen To miss one's way. 

Fehlschlagen To miscarry. 

Fehltritt False step. 

Fehlwurf Missfire (especially applicable to 

' * Lanz- " or " Wurf-Mine " ) . 

Feile File (tool). 

Feind Enemy. 

Feindlich Hostile, the enemy's. 

Feld Field; land (of rifling). 

Das Feld behaupten To hold the field. 

Das Feld raumen To quit the field. 

Ins Feld nicken To take the field. 

Feld-Apotheker Field apothecary. 

Feld-Artillerie Field (and horse) artillery. 

Feld-Artillerie-Schiees-Schide .Field artillery school of gimnery. 

Feldbackerei Field bakery. 

Feldbackofen Field oven. 

Feldbi^n Field railway (meter gauge). 



Digitized 



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48 QEEKAN HHITAEY TEEMS AND ABBBEVIATIONS. 

Feldbefestigungskunet Art of field fortification. 

Feldbinde Waist belt (officers). 

Feldbrief Letter (written in the field). 

Felddienst Field service. 

Felddienst-Ordnung Field service regulations. 

Feldeisenbahnwesen Field railway service. 

Feldflasche Water bottle. 

Feldflieger-Abteilung Reconnaissance flight. 

Feldflugwesen Field aviation service (obsolete). 

Feldgendarmerie Field police. 

Feldgerat Stores. 

Feldgeschrei Password. 

Feldgeschtitz Field gun. 

Feldgranate Field gun high explosive (H. E.) 

shell. 

Feld-Haubitze Field howitzer. 

Feld-Heer Field army. 

Feldhose Field service trousers or pantaloons. 

Feldjager King's messenger. ^ 

Feldjager (berittener) Mounted courier. 

Feldkabelleitung Cable line. 

Feldkanone Field gun. 

Feldkessel Mess tin, camp kettle. 

Feldkochgerat Field cooking utensils. 

Feldkompagnie Field company, active company of 

a pioneer battalion. 

Feldkoppel Field service belt. 

Feld-Krieg Field warfare. 

Feld - Kriegs - Eassen - Verwal- * 

timg Field treasury officials. 

Feldkiiche Traveling kitchen. 

Feldlazarett Field hospital, casuidty clearing^ 

station. 
Feldluftschiffer - Abteilung 

(Tnipp) Balloon detachment. 

Feldmagazin Field depot . 

Feldmarschall Field marshal. 

Feld-Maschinen-Gewehr-Zug ..Machine g\xn section. 

Feldmineiu^agen Mining store wagon. 

Feldmtitze Field service cap. 

Feldoberpostmspektion Chief inspector of field post offices^ 



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GEEKAN HHITAEY TEEMS AND ABBBEYIATIONS. 49 

Feldoberpostsekretar Chief field poet office secretary. 

Feldpatrone Field gun cartr'dge (fixed ammuni- 
tion). 

Feldpionier-Dienst Text-book of field engineering. 

Feldpionier-Kompagnie Pioneer field company. 

Feldpostamt Central field post office. 

Feldpostexi)edition Branch.field post office. 

Feldpostmeister Field postmaster. 

Feldpoststation Field post office. 

Feldrekrutenbataillon Recruit battalion in the field. 

Feldrekrutendepot Training depot in the field. 

Feldsaritatswesen Medical service of the field army. 

Feldschmiede Field forge. 

Feldsignalabteilung Field signal signaling detachment 

(cavalry). 

Feldsignaltrupp Field sig lal section. 

Feldstecher Field glass. 

Feldstiefel Field service boots. 

Feldtrain-Eskadron Field train squadron. 

Feldverwaltungs-BehSrden Field administrative authorities. 

Feldverwaltungs-Schreiber Superintending clerk. 

Feldwache Picket. 

Feldwebel SergeaDt major (company sergeant 

major of infantry, pioneers or foot 
artillery). 

Feldwebel-Leutnant Sergeant major lieutenant (only ap- 
pointed in war for depot or garri- 
son troops). 

Feldwetterstation Meteorological station. 

FeldzaUmeister Field paymaster. 

Feldzeugmeister Master of the ordnance. 

' Feldzeugmeisterei Ordnance department. 

Feldzug Campaign. 

Feldzugsplan Plan of campaign. 

Ferngesprach Telephone conversation. 

Femglas Telescope. 

Femhorer Telephone receiver. 

Femkampfgruppe Long-range group (artillery). 

FempatrouLlle Distant patrol, 

Femrohr Telescope. 

1710«— 17 i 



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M QEEKAN MILITABY TEEXS AND ABBBEVIATIOirS. 

Femrohraufsatz Telescopic sight. 

Femrohrbuchse Rifle with telescopic sight. 

Femsprecher Telephone. ■ 

Fernsprech-Abteilung (Trupp). Telephone detachment (squad). 

Femsprechapparat Telephone instrument. 

Femsprech-Doppelzug Divisional telephone detachment. 

Femsprechgerat Telephone stores. 

Femsprechleitung Telephonic communication, tele- 
phone line. 

Femsprechnetz Telephone system. 

Femsprech-Offizier Telephone officer. 

Femsprechstelle Telephone station. 

Femsprechverbindung \m i i. • • x- 

^ u 1 I. >Telephonic commiuucation. 

F emsprechverkehr J 

Femsprechzeutral Telephone exchange. 

Fernstecher Field glasses. 

Fesselballon Captive balloon. 

Fester Sitz! Screw firmly home! 

Festl^en (im Plan) To plot. 

Festlegepimkt Reference point. 

Festlegung Definition, locatioi, fixing, determi- 
nation. 

Festellen To identify, establish, fix. 

Festatellung Identification. 

Festung Fortress, 

Festungen, Kampf um Fortress warfare. 

Festungsanlagen Fortifications. 

Festimgsartillerie Fortress artillery. 

FestungsbaubeleuchtungstruppFortress searchlight section. 

Festungsbaufeldwebel Fortress construction seigeant- 

major. 

FestimgsbauofTiziere Corps of fortress constructors. 

Festungsbauwarter Superintendent of fortifications. 

Festungsflie.erabteilung Fortress flight. 

Festungsfunkerabteilung Fortress wireless detachment. 

Festungsluft^liiffertrupp Fortress balloon detachment. 

Festungsmaschinengewehrkom- 
pa^nie Fortress machine gun company. 

Festungsscheinwerferzug Fortress searchlight section. 

Festungsstab Fortress staff. 

Festungswerk Fortification. 

Fettdose Box of grease. 



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GEBKAN MILITARY TEKKS AHD ABBBEYIATIONS. 61 

Feuer Fire; bombardment. 

Fener einschalten, eroffnen To open fire. 

Feuer feindwarts verlegen . Lift your fire. 

Bei Feuer stehen To be under fire. 

Bestreichendes Feuer Grazing fire, enfilade fire. 

Ein heftiges Feuer unter- 
halten To maintain a heavy fire. 

Lebhaf tes Feuer Rapid firing. 

Ruhiges Feuer Deliberate fire (artillery). 

Wirksames Feuer Effective fire. 

Feuerabriegeli^ .Barrage. 

Feuerart Nature of fire (e. g., rapid or delib- 
erate fire). 

Feuerbereit In readiness to open fire. 

Feuerbiindel Faggots. 

Feuererscheinung Flame effect. 

Feuergeschwindigkeit Rate of fire. 

Feuerlarm Fire alarm. 

Feuerleitung .Fire control, telephone line used for 

directing fire. 

Feuerleitungsiibitfigen Fire command exercisea 

Feuerleitungsplan Large scale map for fire control. 

Feuerlinie Firing line. 

Feuerordnung Method of fire (e. g., rapid or delib- 
erate fire). 

Feuerpausen Pauses or intervals during firing. 

Feuerrichtung Direction of fire. 

Feuersaule Column of flame. 

Feuerschein Reflection (of gun flash). 

Feuerstarke Volume of fire. 

Feuerstellung Fire position. 

Feuerstellung der Batterie. Battery position. 

Auswahlder Feuerstellung. Selection of battery position. 

Feuerstrahl Flash of a gun. 

Feuertiefe Depth of fire. 

Feuer tiberf alien Bursts of fire. 

Feueruberlegenheit Superiority of fire. 

Feuervereinigung Concentration of fire. 

Feuerverteilung Distribution of fire. 

Feuerverteilungsheft Fire distribution book. 

Feuerwerker Sergeant-artificer. 

Feuerwerks-Offizier Artificer-officer. 



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58 GEEMAN lOLITABY TEEMS AND ABBBEYIATIONS. 

Feuerwirkiing Fire effect. 

Filialdepbt Branch depot. 

Filtermasse Drum contents (i. e., contents of a 

gas drum). 

Filzschuh Felt boot. 

First Roof of gallery (mining). 

Flachbahn Flat trajectory. 

Flachbahn'zeschfttz Flat trajectory gun. 

Flachfeuer Flat trajet^tory fire. 

Flachfeuerbatterie Flat trajectory battery. 

Flachswerg . ." Waste, tow waste. 

Fladdermine Sometimes used for camouflet (min- 
ing). 

Flagge Flag, standard (naval). 

Flaggenzeichen Flag signals . 

Flak (i. e., Flug-Abwehr- 

Kanone) Antiaircraft gun. 

Flakbatterie Antiaircraft battery. 

Flakgruko (Flug - Abwehr- 1 

Kanonen - Gruppen - Kom- 

mandeur A. A. group commander. 

Flakschutz Antiaircraft protection. 

Flakzug Antiaircraft section. 

Flammenstoss I 

Flammenstrahl [Jet of flame. 

Flammenwerfer " Flanmienwerf er '* or flame projector. 

Flammenwerfertrupp "Flammenwerfer" squad. 

Flanke Flank. 

Flankenangriff Flank attack. 

Flanken aufdecken To expose the flanks. 

Flankenbewegung Flank march. 

Flankenfeuer Enfilade fire, flanking fire. 

Flankieren To enfilade. 

Flankierende Stellung Position from which enfilade fire can 

be brought to bear. 

Flankenstollen Branch gallery (mining). 

Flankierendes Artilleriefeuer. .Enfilade artillery fire. 

Flankierung Flanking fire, flanking position. 

Flankierungsanlagen Flanking defenses. 

Flankienmgsgeschfttze Gims for flanking fire. 

Flasche Flask, bottle (has been known to be 

used for trench mortar bombs). 



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GEBICAH XHITARY TEKKS AND ABBBEYIATIONS. 58 

Flaschengas Gas from cylinders, cylinder gas. 

Flaschensauerstoff Oxygen in cylinders. 

Flaschenzug PuDey. 

Flechtwerk Hurdle work. 

FUckmaterial Material for repair of clothing. 

Fliegende BrGcke Flying bridge. 

Fliegende Division Independent division. 

Fliegende Kolonne Flying column . 

Flieger Aviator; airman. 

Fli^erabteilung Flight. 

Fleigerabwehr Antiaircraft measures. 

Fli^;eraufnahme Aeroplane phonograph. 

Fleigerbeobachtimg Aeroplane observation. 

Fleigerbeschuss Antiaircraft firing. 

Fleigerdeckung! "Put on the screens! " ; keeping un- 
der cover from aeroplanes. 

Fleigerdeckung aufgehoben !...*' Remove screens. ' * 

Fle^erkampf Aerial combat. 

Fli^erkompagnie Fljdng company (Bavaria) (now ob- 
solete). 

Fli^erkom Foresight (on rifle: for use against 

aerial objectives). 

Fliegerphotographien Aeraplane photographs. 

Fliegerschiessen Antiaircraft fire, 

Fliegersicht View from aircraft. 

Fli^ertauglichkeit Fitness for fljdng. 

Fliegertnippen Flying troops (equivalent to aero- 
plane imits of Royal Flying Corps) , 

Fli^ertuch Linen sheet (for signaling to aero- 
planes). 

Fliegerwammigsdienst Arrangements for giving warning of 

the approach of aircraft. 

Fliehbolzen Centrifugal bolt (in fuze, etc.). 

Floes (a) Float, raft; (6) fin, steadying fin 

in a dirigible. 

Flossbrucke Floating bridge. 

Flottenatmer! A re8c;u6 apparatus similar to the 

**Drager Selbstretter" or oxygen 
breathing apparatus. 

Flfichtige Bef estigung ! Hasty entrenchment. 

Flug Flight. 

Flug-Abwehr-Eanone (Flak). . . Antiaircraft gun. 



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H QXBKAV MILZTARY TEKXS AND ABBBBYIATXORS. 

Flug-Abw«hr-Kananen-Zug — Antiaircraft section. 

Flugbahn Trajectory . 

Fltlgel Wing, flank; aileron. 

Fliigel- Adjutant Aid-de-camp to the Emperor. 

Flttgelfeder Wing tip. 

FlOgelkompagnie Wing company. 

Fltiigelmutter Wing nuts. 

Fliigelweise Side by side. 

Flugelzug Flank platoon. 

Linker FlUgelzug Platoon on left wing of sector. 

Flugzeuggesch wader Squadron of aeroplanes. 

Flugmaschine Aeroplane. 

Flugplatz Aerodrome. 

Flugwesen Aviation. 

Flugzeug Aeroplane. 

Ft.-Flugzeug Aeroplane fitted with wireless, 

Flugzeugftihrer Pilot (of aeroplane). 

Flugzeugsschuppen Aeroplane shed, hangar. 

Fdrderbahn Field tramway (60 cm. gauge). 

Formation Formation. 

Fortifikations-Beamte Engineer official. 

Fortlaufende Eindeckungen.... Continuous recesses (under parapet). 

Franzosenwache, Guard for French prisoners of war. 

Freiliegen To be unencumbered. 

Freimachen (des Schussfeldes). Clearing (the field of fire). 

Freisprechen To acquit. 

Freiwillige Krankenpflege Voluntary aid. 

Freiwilliger Volunteer. 

Freiwilliges Automobilkorps. . . Volunteeer automobile corps. 
Freiwilliges Motorboot-Korps. .Volunteer motorboat corps. 

Fressbeutel Nose bag. 

Frieden Peace. 

Ein fauler Frieden A hollow truce. 

Friedensmftsfdg Obtaining in peace time. 

Friedensfahrplan Peace time table (railway). 

Friedensfuss Peace footing. 

Friedenapriisenzstarke Peace strength law. 

Friedensstand Peace condition^. 

Frontausdehnung Extent of front held, 

FrontbeobachtungssiteUe Forward observing sta;ti(m. 

Frontlange Frontage, front. 

Front machen To frcmt. 



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OEKltAir mXilTAKlr T£RM akb abbreyiatiohs. m 

Front-Oflizier Regimental officer. 

Frontstarke The fighting troops. 

Fruhflprenger Premature burst. 

Ftkhlung Touch. 

In engster Ftlhlung blei- To remain in closest touch, 
ben. 

FOhren To lead, guide, xionvey. 

Ftihrer Commander, leader, guide. 

FCkhrer der gr. Bagage Commander of the train. 

Fuhre Transport. 

Eine Fuhre Heu A load of hay. 

Fuhrkost Traveling expenses. 

Fuhrpark Transport park. 

Fuhrparkkolonne Supply park. 

Fuhrparkwagen Supply park vehicle. 

Ftihrung H%her Command; conduct; guiding. 

Fuhrungsring Driving band (of a projectile). 

Fufa (Funker-Feld-Abteilung). Field wireless detachment. 
Fukla (Funker-Klein-Abtei- 

lung) Trench wireless detachment. 

Ftillpulver 02 (Fp. 02) 1902 pattern explosive (T. N. T.) 

Ftilistoff Liquid (used to fill gas shells). 

Fiillung The bursting charge of a shell. 

Funken To spark; to send a wireless message, 

transmit by wireless. 

Funkenapparat Wireless apparatus. 

Funken-Empfangstation Wireless receiving station. 

Funkenstation Wireless station. 

Leichte Funkenstation Light wireless station. 

Schwere Funkenstation Heavy wireless station. 

Funken - Tel^raphen - Abtei - 

lung Wireless telegraph detachment. 

Funkentelegraphie (Ft.) Wireless telegraphy (W/T.). 

Ft. Dienst Wireless telegraphy. 

Ft. Einrichtung Wireless installation. 

Ft. Flugzeug Aeroplane fitted with wireless. 

Versagen der F. T Breakdown of wireless apparatus. 

Funker Wireless operator. 

Funkerabteilung Wireless detachment. 

Funkerfeldabteilung Field wireless detachment. 

Funkerkleinabteilung Trench wireless detachment. 

Funkerkommando Wireless headquarters. 



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56 OEBMAN MHITABY TEBMS AND ABBBEVIATIOHS. 

Funkerkompagnie Wireless telef^ph company (peace). 

Ftmkspruch ^ Wireless mes8sui:e. 

Funktionieren To work (mechanical term). 

Furagierleine Forape cord. 

Furier Quartermaster sergeant (for supply). 

Fttsilier Private of fusileer battalion or regi- 
ment. 

Fuss-Artillerie Foot artillery. 

Fuss-Artillerie-Schiees-Schule .Foot artillery school of gunnery. 

Fusslappen Foot bandages. 

Fussscheiben Disks for feet of trestles (bridging). 

Futter Fodder, forage; lining of clothes. 

Futtersack Com sack. 

Futterwagen Forage wagon. 



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G. 

Gabel Fork; bracket (in ranging). 

Gabeln (einen Schacht) To run out a branch gallery (mining). 

(jabeln, edch To branch off (mining). 

(jalerie Cross gallery (mining). 

Gamaschen Gaiters, leggings. 

Gang Gait, pace, step; carriage, bearing; 

alley (trench); course or progress 
(of events, fight, etc.). 

Ausser Gang sein To be out of gear (machinery) . 

Ganzboot Cavalry pontoon composed of two 

half pontoons ("Halbbooten"). 
Ganzponton Whole pontoon of the Corps equip- 
ment (as opposed to "Halb- 
ponton," bipartite pontoon). 
Garbe (einee Mas^Mnen-Ge- 

wehrs) Cone of bullets of a machine gun. 

Garde Guard. 

Garde-Begiment zu Fuss (G. R. 

z. F.) Foot guards regiment. 

Gardes du Corps (Not translated ; the * * Gardes du 

Corps" regiment is one of the 
guard cavalry regiments). 

Gardist Private of foot guards and body 

guard regiments (e. g., One hun- 
dred and fifteenth). 

Gamiflon-Bauwesen Barrack construction department. 

Gamiflondienst Garrison duty. 

Gamisondienstfahig Ipstf * a tv 

Gamisondiensttauglich ) gamso ly . 

Gamisonsauditeur Garrison judge advocate. 

Gamisonsbataillon Garrison battalion. 

Gamisonslazarett Garrison hospital. 

Gamisonsverwendungsfghig Fit for garrison duty. 

Gamison-Verwaltung Garrison administrative officials. 

Gamison-Verwaltungs-Direktor. Director of garrison administration. 
Gamison-Verwaltungs-Inspek- 

tor Inspector of garrison administration. 

57 



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68 QEKMAK MILITAKY TEEMS AKD ABBBEVIATIOHS. 

GamiBon - Verwaltungs - Ober- 
Inspektor Chief inspector of gaxrison adminis- 
tration. 

Gasalarm Gas alarm. 

Gasabwehrmittel Means of defense against gas. 

Gasangriff Gas attack. 

Gasbereitschaft Gas readiness, precautions against 

gas, "gas alert.'* 

Gasbereitschaft (erhdhte) "Special gas alert." 

Gasflasche Gas cylinder. 

Gasgranate Gas shell. 

Gaskampf Gas Warfare. 

Gaskolonne Gas column (balloon troops). 

Gaskrank "Gassed." 

Gaamaskpatrone Gas mask drum. 

Gasmine Minenwerfer gas shell. 

HalbeschwereGasmine... Half -sized heavy Minenwerfer gas 

shell. 

Mittlere Gasmine Medium Minenwerfer gas shell. 

Leichte Gasmine. Light Minenwerfer gas shell. 

Gaspipette Gas sampling tube. 

Gasschutzpackchen Antigas respirator. 

Gasschutzbrillen Gas goggles. 

Gasschutzmaske Gas mask, helmet. 

Gasschutz-Offizier (G. S. 0.)... Antigas officer. 

Gassumpf Gas pocket. 

Gasvergiftet "Gassed. " 

Gaswolke Gas cloud. 

Gattung Arm of the service. 

Gaze Gauze. 

Gebiet Area, district. 

Gebirgshaubitze Mountain howitzer. 

Gebirgskanone Mountain gun. 

Gebirgskrieg Mountain warfare. 

Gebirgs - Maschinen - Gewehr - 

Abteilung Mountain machine gun detachment. 

Gebirgs-Minenwerfer K o m- 

pagnie Mountain Minenwerfer company. 

Gebisa Set of teeth; bit for horses. 

Stangengebiss Curb. 

Trensengebiss Snaffie. 

Geerdet werden To be earthed (electrical). 



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OEKKAK lOLITAKT TEKM8 AKB ABBBSYIATIOHS. §• 

Gefahr Danger, risk, peril. 

GeMhrden To endanger, risk, imperil. 

€^£ahrloeigkeit Safety. 

Crelabrsmomenten Critical moments. 

Gefangenenauasage Prisoners' statements. 

Einen Gefangenen ver- 

horen To interrogate a prisoner. 

Gefangenentransport Convoy of prisMiers. 

Gefangener Prisoner. 

Gefecht Fight, fighting, engagement, action, 

combat, battle. 
Ausser Gefecht gezetzt wer- 

den To be put out of action. 

Ein hinhaltendes Gefecht. A containing action. 

Gefechtsabschnitt Battle sector. 

Gefechtsauftrag Objective. 

Gefechtsbagage First line transport. 

Gefechtsbataillon Battalion in line. 

Gefechtsbatterie Firing battery. 

Gefechtsbefehl Operation order. 

Gefechtsbefehlstellung Battle headquarters. 

Gefechtsbereitschaft Readiness for action. 

Gefechtsbereitschaft (erhohte) . Increased readiness for action; '^ stand 

to." 
Gefechtsbereitschaft (hdchste). Instant readiness for action; ''stand 

to.'» 

Gefechtsbericht Tactical report. 

Gefechtsbreiten Frontages. 

Gefechtsfall Engs^ement. 

Gefechtsfeld Battle field, scene of action. 

Gefechts-Ft-Station Wireless station near the firing line. 

Gef echtshandlung*. Conduct oi operations. 

Gefechtslage Tactical situation or conditions. 

Gefechtsordonnanz Orderly, runner. 

Gefechtsstaffel Wagon line (of a field battery in 

action). 

Gefechtsstand Battle headquarters. 

Gefechtsstftrke Fighting strength. 

Gefechtsstelle Battle headquarters, command post. 

Gefechtsstellung Battle staticHi. 

Gefechtsstreifen Battle zone, zone of combat. 

Gefechtstatigkeit Action during an operation. 



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60 OEBKAK MILITABy TEBMS AND ABBBEVIATIONS. 

Gefechtszweck Objective, tactical consideration. 

Geflecht Plaiting, hurdle work, wickerwork. 

Gefreitenknopf Button (small) worn on collar as 

badge of rank for lance corporal. 

Gefreiter Lance corporal, acting bombardier. 

Gegenangrif! Counter attack. 

Gegeribefehl Counter order. 

G^enmassregeln Counter measures. 

Gegenmine Countermine (mining). 

G^enstand Article, object, affair. 

Gegenstoss Counter thrust, counter attack. 

G^:ner Enemy, opponent, foe. 

G^nerisch Hostile. 

Gehalt Pay (of officers). 

Geheim (geh:) Secret. 

Streng geheim Strictly secret. 

Geheimschrift Cipher, code. 

Gehdft Farm . 

Gehdlz Copse. 

Gehorsamsverweigerung Refusal to obey orders. 

Geisel Hostage . 

Geistlicher Chaplain. 

Geladen (gel.) Loaded. 

Gelande Ground, country, terrain. 

Abfallendes Gelande A falling slope. 

Aufsteigendes Gelande A rising slope. 

Bedecktes Gelloide Close country. 

Durchschnittenes Gelande. Intersected country, close country. 

Freies Gelande Open country. 

Welliges Gelande Undulating country. 

Gelandeabschnitt Area. 

Gelandefalte Fold in the ground". 

Gelandegestalt Nature of the ground. 

Gelandekunde Topography. 

Gelandepunkt Topographical feature. 

Gelanderhdlzer Uprights for handrails (bridging). 

Gelanderleine Rail rope (bridging). 

Gelandespi^el Panorjunic mirror, periscope. 

GelandeteU Area. 

Gelandeverhaltnisse Nature of the ground. 

Gelandewinkel Angle of sight. 

Gel^enheitsziel Fleeting taiget. 



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OEKMAN HILITAKy TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIOHS. 61 

Geleise (Gleis) Line of rails or track (railway). 

Geleit \ 

Geleitmannschafi jtjacon. 

Gelenkstab Jointed stick. 

Gelingen To succeed, be successful. 

Gemeinde .- Commune. 

Gemeiner Private soldier. 

Gendarme Gendarme. 

Gendarmerie Military police. 

Gendarmerie-Wachtmeister Serjeant major of the gendarmerie. 

Genehmigt Approved. 

General General. 

General- Adjutant Aide-de-camp to the Emperor. 

Generalarzt Colonel (medical). 

General-Auditeur Judge advocate general. 

Generaldelegierte Delegate general (at army head- 
quarters in connection with "vol- 
imtary aid"). 

General der Artellerie # General of artillery (conmiands a 

corps). 

General der Inf anterie General of infantry (commands a 

corps). 

General der Kavallerie General of cavalry (commands a 

corps). 

Geperal-Feldmarschall Field marshal (usually commands a 

group of armies). 

General-Inspekteur des Etap- Inspector general of lines of com- 
pen- und Eisenbahnwesens. mimication and railways. 

General-Intendant Intendant general . 

Generalitat * General officers. 

GeBeral-Kommando Staff of an army corps, corps head- 
quarters. 

Generalleutnant Lieutenant general (commands a 

division). 

Generalmajor Major general (commands a brigade). 

General-Oberst * ' General-Oberst " (usually com- 
mands an army). 

Generaloberarzt Lieutenant colonel (medical). 

Generalprofoss Provost marshal. 

General-Quartiermeister Quartermaster general at G. H. Q. 

(a general staff officer). 

Greneralstab General staff. 



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68 GBRXAH JOLZTABY TEEMS AHB ABBBBYIATI0N8. 

Generalstabsarzt Lieuteoant general (director general 

of medical services). 

Obergeneralarzt und Sani- Major general (medical). 
tats-Inspektenr. 

Generalarzt Colonel (medical). 

Generaloberarzt Lieutenant colonel (medical). 

Oberstabsarzt Major (medical) . 

Stabsarzt Captain (medical). 

Assistenzarzt Second lieutenant (medical). 

Generalstabler ^ General staff officer (unofficially 

used instead of ^^Generalstabs- 
Offizier"). 

Generalstabschef Chief of the general staff. 

Generalstabskarte Staff map. 

Generalstabs-Offizier General staff officer. ' 

General veterinar Colonel (veterinary). 

Genesungsabteilung Convalescent depot. 

Genesungskompagnie \^ 

Geneseudekompagnie jConvaleacent company. 

Genesungsheim Sanatorium, convalescent home. 

Genfer Abkommen Geneva convention. 

Geniekorps Corps of engineers. 

Geniewesen Engineering. 

Gent Minenwerfer (Not translated). 

Geoffnet At full interval. 

Geoff J^eter Linie (Batterie in).. Battery in line at full interval. 

Gepack Pack, kit, baggage. 

Gepack ablegen To take off packs. 

Gepackbretter Kit boards (railway transport). 

Gepacklatten Kit stanchions (railway transport). 

Geplankel Skirmish among outposts. 

Gerade Straight; even. 

Gerade Rotten Even files. 

Ungerade Rotten Odd files. 

Gerat (e) Stores; implements. 

Artilleriegerate Artillery equipment. 

Gerat f ordern To indent for stores. 

Geratedepot Store depot. 

Geratewagen Pioneer store wagon. 

Gerichtsdienst Court martial duty. 

Gerippe Framework. 

Gerollboden Rubble, loose ground (e. g., at the 

bottom of a mine crater). 



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OEJUIAH MILITA&y TERMS AKD ABBREVIATIONS. 98 

Oesamtstarke Total strength. 

Oeschaftszimmer Orderly room, office. 

Geschickt Skillful, clever, wise. 

Geschirr Harness; gear, utensils (e. g.. cook- 
ing)- 

Oeschirrtau * , Trace rope. 

Geschloesen Closed, in close order, at close in- 
terval. 
Geschlossene Schiitzengra- 

ben Closed works. 

Geechoss Projectile, bullet, shell. 

Brand-Geschoss Incendiary shell. 

Geschosse (zu kurz gehende)* * Shorts. " 

Granate-Geschoss H. E. shell. 

Geschossart Nature, type, kind or pattern of 

projectile. 

Geschossaufschlag Fall of the shell. 

Geschossbahn Trajectory. 

Geschossgarbe Cone of fire (of bullets, etc.). 

Geschosskopf Head (of shell). 

Geschosssicher Shell-proof (not bomb-proof) ; (also 

** bullet-proof, " but this depends 
on context). 

Geschosstrichter Shell crater, shell hole. 

Geschutz Gun. 

Geschiltzbedienung Gun crew. 

Geschtitzbettung Gun platform. 

Geschiitzeinschnitt Gun pit. 

Geschfltzfilhrer Gun captain. 

Geschtitzkampf Artillery duel. 

Geschiitzpark Gun park. 

Geschtitzrohr Barrel of a gun. 

Geschtltzstand Gun emplacement. 

Geschtitzzwischenraum Interval between guns. 

Gesch wader Squadron (naval or air service). 

Geschwindigkeit Speed, rapidity, velocity; rate of fire. 

Geschwindschritt (im) At the double. 

Gesicht Face; sight, vision. 

Gesichtsfeld 

Geeichtskreis 

Cresichtspunkt Aspect, point of view. 

Gesuch .Request. 



' [Field of vision or view. 



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64 QEKMAN HIUTAKY TEEMS AND ABBKEVIATIONS. 

Getreidefeld Cornfield. 

Getrennt Separated, isolated. 

Getriebe Driving-gear. 

Getriebholz Frames and sheeting (as opposed to 

**Schiirzholz," or continuous 
casing in mining). 

Gewahr Guarantee. 

Gewahrleisten Ensure, guarantee, enable. 

Gewalt Power, force. 

Gewaltmarsch Forced march. 

Gewaltsam Vigorous, powerful, heavy (attack). 

Gewandt Intelligent, smart, skillful. 

Gewehr Rifle. 

An die Gewehre ! Stand to ! 

Gewehr ab ! Order arms ! 

Gewehr auf ! Shoulder arms ! 

Gewehr tiber ! Slope arms ! 

Mit Gewehr bei Fuss stehen. To be at the order. 

Gewehrbatterie Rifle battery. 

Gewehrfeuer Rifle fire. 

Gewehrf tihrer Gun captain (machine gun). 

Gewehrgestell Rifle rack. 

Gewehrgranate (14) (1914 pattern) rifle grenade. 

Gewehrgranatengestell Rifle grenade stand. 

Gewehrhaken Rifle clips. 

Gewehrkolben Butt of rifle. 

Gewehrpanzergeschoss Armor-piercing bullet. 

Gewehrpyramide Piled arms. 

Gewehrriemen Rifle sling. 

Gewehrschaft Stock of rifle. 

Gewehrschloss Breech mechanism of rifle. 

Gewehrstutz -(stutze) Arm rack. 

Gewehrtrager Apparatus for carrying a machine 

gun. 

Gewehrtragende Men who carry rifles. 

Gewehrweise In order of guns. 

Geaeichnet (gez.) Signed (in copies of documents). 

Ge7.ntren Rifled. 

Gitterbrticke Lattice girder bridge. 

Gkufunk Corps wireless H. Q. 

Glatt Smooth, smooth bore. 

Gleirhschritt March in step. 



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OEBKAK MILITABY TEEMS AKD ABBKEYIATIOHS. t5 

Gleichfltrom Continuous current (electrical). 

Gleifl (Geleise) Line of rails or track (railway). 

Gleisbreite Wheel track. 

Gleitbahn Slipway. 

Gleitflug Volplane. 

Glied Rank. 

Gliedem To organize. 

Gliedem nach der Tiefe To organize in depth. 

Gliederung Distribution, organization. 

KriegBgliederung Order of battle. 

Glockenzeichen Signals given by gongs. 

Gltihzundapparat Dynamo exploder. 

Glfihz finder Electric fuze. 

Graben Trench. 

Erster Graben Front trench. 

Zweiter Graben Support trench. 

Dritter Graben Reserve trench. 

Annaherungqgraben Communication or approach trench. 

Laufgraben \^ 

Verbindungsgraben jCommumcation trench. 

Verkehr^raben Supervision or lateral communica- 
tion trench. 

Grabenbekleidung Revetment. 

Grabenbesatzung Men in the trenches;' trench garrison. 

Grabenposten Sentries in the fire trenches. 

Grabenrost Duck boards. 

Grabensohle Sole or bottom of trench. 

Grabenspi^el Trench mirror. 

Grabenstarke. Trench strength. 

Grabensttick Length or section of trench. 

Grabentiefe Depth of trench. 

Grabenwand Side of trench. 

Grad Degree. 

Gradabzeichen Badge of rank. 

Gradbogen Graduated arc; sextant. 

Granate 

Granate (Spreng-) High explosive (H. E.) shell. 

Granate-Geschoss 

Granateinschlag Shell burst. 

Granatenhfilse Shell case. 

17106—17 6 



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OS GSaXAH MXZITAKT TEE1I8 AHO ABBKBVIATI0H8. 

Granatenwerfer ** Stick " bomb-thrower (usually not 

translated). 

GranatfUllung Bursting charge of shell. 

Granatloch Shell hole, 

Granatring Driving band on shell. 

Granattrichter Shell crater, shell hole. 

Granatwerf er See * * Granatenwerfer " (for which it 

is a recent contraction). 
Granatwurfmine Lanx (Gr. W. 
M. L.) 9.1-cm. Lanz liinenwerfer H. E. 

shell. 

Granat-ZClnder (Gr. Z.) Percussion fuze for H. E. shell. 

Grasschollen Sods. 

Grate Scorings (e. g., in the bore of a gun). 

Grauguss Cast iron. 

Greifzangen Grip straps (bridging). 

Grenadier Grenadier. 

Grenadier-Regiment Grenadier regiment. 

Grenze Limit, boundary, frontier. 

Grenzegruppen Flank groups (of a unit in the 

trenches). 

Grenzewachter ^„ 

Grenzwache JFrontier guard. 

Griffhebel Lever (of breech mechanism). 

Groftrupp (Grosser-Flammen- 

werfer-Trupp) Large Flammenwerfer squad. 

Gros Main body. 

Grosse Bagage Baggage section of the train. 

Grosser Generalstab Great generaJ staff. 

Grosses Hauptquartier General headquarters. 

Grundlinie .Base line, datum line. 

Gnindries Design, sketch, plan. 

Grundeatz Principle. 

Grandsohle Mine level. 

Grundwasser Surface water, 

Grund/ahlen Theoretical figures, not allowing for 

error (artillery). 

GrunkTGUzmunition "Green cross" gas shell. 

Gnippe Group (equivalent to a corps) or 

group (8 men under a N. C. O.). 

Gruppenfeuer Volley firing. 

Gruppfoif iihrer Group commander. 



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OEKKAK lOLITA&y TEBMS AND ABBKEVIATIONS. 67 

Gulaachkanone Traveling kitchen (colloquial). 

Gummi Rubber, india rubber. 

Gurt Girth, belt (machine gun). 

Tragegurt Belt (e. g., for carrying an infantry 

shield, etc.). 
Gttrtel Belt. 

S. M. in GOrtehi S. A. A. in belts. 

Gttrtelbahn Circular railway. 

Gttrten To fill a machine-^fun belt. 

Gurtstelle.^ Belt store (machine gun). 

Guttaperchaziindschnur Gutta-percha safety fuze. 



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Haarbusch -. Plume. 

Hacke Pick. 

Hacksel Chaff. 

Hafendirektion Harbor directorate. 

Haft Arrest, imprisonment; clasp, holder. 

Haftpfahl Hook picket. 

Haftpflock Steel picket (bridging). 

Hahn Cock, tap. 

Den Hahn am Gewehr span- 

nen To cock a rifle. 

Hahnspitz Striker (of a pistol). 

Haken und Osen Hooks and eyes. 

Halbmesser Diameter. 

Halbponton Half-pontoon (of the bipartite di- 
visional equipment). 

Halfter Halter, headcoUar; holster. 

Halfterriemen Head rope. 

Halsbinde Scarf. 

Halt! Werda? Halt! Who goes there? 

Halter, falzartiger Grooved charger or strip (magazine 

rifle). 

Haltung Carriage, bearing, behavior. 

Handbetriebbahn Trench tramway (50 cm. gauge). 

Handfeuerwaffen Small arms. 

Handgemenge Hand-to-hand fight. 

Handgranate Hand grenade. 

Behelfshandgranate Extemporized hand grenade. 

Brandhandgranate Incendiary hand grenade. 

Entscharfte Handgranate. .Hand grenade witiiout detonator. 

Scharfe Handgranate Live hand grenade. 

Scharf machen To insert a detonator in. 

Stielhandgranate Cylindrical grenade with handle. 

TTbungahandgranate Dummy hand grenade. 

Handg^mnatenkapsel Detonator for hand grenade. 

Handgraiiatennische Grenade recess. 

m 



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OEEXAN MILITABY TEBXS AND ABBBEVIATIOHS. 69 

Handgraoatenofl&zier Bombing officer. 

Handgranatenstand Ground set aside for hand-grenade 

training. 

Handgranatentrupp Bombing party. 

Handgranatenwerf er " Thrower, * * bomber. 

Handgriff Handle. 

Handhabung Handling, use, drill. 

Handldfter Rotary blower (mining). 

Handpferd Led horse. 

Handschuh Glove. 

Handschutz Hand guard (rifle). 

Handseite Off side ("Sattelseise,** nearside). 

Handwaffen Small arms. 

Handwerker Workman, tradesman, artisan, arti- 
ficer. 

Handwerkerabteilung Artificer's detachment. 

Handwerkerabteilung des Tradesmen of the Train: 
Trains. 

Handwerksmeister Master mechanic. 

Handwerkszeug Tools. 

Handwerkskiste Tool box. ' 

Hang Slope; deep level (in mining). 

Hangematte Hammock. 

Hartfutter Com (ration). 

Hartschier (Hatschier) Halbardier, archer, soldier of the 

Bavarian body guard of Hal- 
bardiers. 

Hartspiritus Solidified alcohol, solidified methy- 
lated spirits. 

Haubitze Howitzer. 

KQsten-Haubitze Coast-defense howitzer. 

Turm-Haubitze Howitzer in turret. 

Leichte (Schwere) Feld- 
Haubitze Light (heavy) field howitzer. 

Haubitz-Batterie Howitzer battery. 

Haubitz-Granate Howitzer shell. 

Haubitz-Z tinder Howitzer fuze. 

Haufen Dimip (mining). 

Hauptarm Main gallery (mining). 

Hauptgestell Head stalL 

Hauptinhalt Synopsis. 



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70 QMMMAS MZXITABT TEEMS AlTD ABBEBVIATZ0V8. 

Hauptkadettenanstalt Central cadet institation (Gx 

Lichterfelde). 

Hauptkampflinie Main fighting line. 

Hauptkrankenbuch Hospital register. 

Haupdeute und Rittmeist^. . .Captains (of dismountedandmouated 

arms). 

Hauptlinie Axis. 

Hauptmacht Main body. 

Hauptmann Captain (of infantry, artillery, or 

engineers). 

Hauptmesstelle Principal survey station. 

Hauptquartier Headquarters. 

Grosses Hauptquarti^ Greneral headquarters. 

Hauptstellung Main position, main emplacement. 

Hauptstollen Main gallery (mining). 

Haupttrupp Main body of advanced guard. 

Hauptverbandplats Main dressing station, casualty clear- 
ing station. 

Hebebaum Lever, handspike. 

Heer Army. 

Das stehende Heer. ...... .Standing army. 

Heeresgruppe Group of armies. 

Heeres-Kavallerie Independent cavalry. 

Heeresleitung, Oberste Commander in chief, general head* 

quarters, higher command. 

HeeresseitUng Army gazette. 

Heimat Home (usually translated as Ger- 
many, etc.). 

Heimatsgebiet The home territory. 

Heimatsheer The home army (as opposed to 

"Feldheer"). 

Helm Helmet. 

Helmtiberzug Helmet cover. 

Hemmkette Drag chain. 

Hemmklotz Brake shoe; block placed bdiind a 

wheel to prevent a cart moving 
backward down a slope. 

Hemmschuh Drag-shoe. 

Hemmung Jam (machine gun). 

Henkel Handle (of a camp kettle). 

Heran Up . 

HeranftUirung Supply. 



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QtUUAM laUTAUt nnUn A»B ABBAStlAtXOirS. 71 

Heranmarschieren To march up, come up, approach. 

Heranscha£feii , . .To bring up (e. g., ammunition). 

Heranschleichen To creep forward (up). 

Heranzieh^i To detail; to bring up. 

Heranziehung Requisitioning (e. g., of horses). 

Herausziehen To withdraw. 

Herbstmandrer Autumn maneuvers. 

Hereinmarsch March into the trenches. 

Hergestellte Recovered wounded. 

Herrschen To rule, reign, prevaiF. 

Herstellung Fitting, fixing up, construction, pro- 
duction. 

Hervorlocken To entice out, to draw (e. g., fire). 

Hilfeldstung. Rescue work, first aid. 

Hilfsbahn Auxiliary railway. 

Hilfsbeobachter Auxiliary observer. 

Hilfsdienstpfiicht Auxiliary s^^ice act. 

Hilfskom Auxiliary foresight (rifle). 

Hilfekrafte Auxiliary personnel. 

Hilfslazarett Auxiliary hospital. 

Hilfslazarettzug Auxiliary ambulance train. 

Hilfstruppen Auxiliary troops. 

Hilfsziel Aiming point. 

Himmel, am "In the air.*' 

Hindemis * Obstacle, wire «itMiglement,'*wire.** 

Elektrische Hindemisse. . .Electrified wire entimglements. 

Versenktes HindelHis Sunken obstacle. 

Hinten (nach) In rear. 

Hinterhalt Ambush. 

Hintergelande Ground behind the lind, back area. 

Hintergestell eines Wagens. . . .Back part of a wagon. 

Hinterkaffe Stem (of a pontoon). 

Hinterlader Breechloader. 

Hinterwagen Wagon body. 

Hin- und RtUskleitung Complete metallic circuit. 

Hinweifl. Indication, directicm, reference. 

Hirschfanger Short hunting knife. 

Hoboist Bandsman. 

Hochbahn Elevated railway. 

Hochdruck High pressure (mining). 

Hochempfindlich Highly sensitive (of a telephone, 

etc.). 



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78 GEKMAN XHITAKT TEKXS AND ABBKEYIATIOHS. 

Hochspannungsleitung High tension wire. 

Hochstand Raised, commanding, or elevated 

position. 

Hdchstzahl Maximum. 

Hocken To crouch. 

Hockende SchUtzen im 

Graben Troops sitting in trenches. 

Hohenrauch Haze. 

Hob enrich tmaschine Elevating gear. 

HShenriicken; Ridge, crest. 

Hohltraverse Hollow traverse. 

Hohlweg Sunken road. 

Holz Wood. 

Holzattrappe Wooden dummy (e. g., bomb for in- 
structional |)urposes). 

Holzbauten AVooden buildings. 

Holzdeckel Wooden lid or plug. 

Holzf aller-Abteilung Tree-felling detachment. 

Holzhammer Mallet. 

Holzkasten zum Stimpfen Wooden sump boxes. 

Holzkohle Charcoal. 

Holzmeissel Wood chisel. 

Holzrahmen '.Wooden frame. 

Holzscheibe Wooden target. 

HolzwoUe Wood shavings. 

Horchapparat Listening apparatus (mining). 

Horchdienst Listening methods. 

Horcheii To listen. 

Es wird gehorcht A ** listen " will be made. 

Horchergebnis , Results of listening. 

Horchgang Listening gallery. 

Horchmeldung Listening report. 

Horchminengang Listening gallery. 

Horchpatrouille Listening patrol. 

Eorchpftuse Listening period (mining, etc.). 

Horchpoeten Listening post, listening sentry. 

Horchpoatengraben Listening post sap. 

Horchpostenloch Listening post. 

Horchsappe Listening sap. 

Horcbstollen Listening gallery. 

Horchzeit Listening time. 

Homiat Bugler. 



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QEBHAN XniTABT TERMS AKD ABBEEVIATIONS. 73 

Horn Bugle, horn (musical instrument and 

horn of cattle, etc.). 

Huf Hoof. 

Huf eisen Horseshoe. 

Hufelsentasche Shoe-case. 

Hiiikratzer Hoof-pick. 

HtUle Cover (e. g., for breech of rifle). 

,,. ^T~,i [ Canister bomb. 

Mmenhulle J 

Htlllen Casing (mining). 

Htilse (Patronen-) Cartridge case. 

Hundetrupp Dog detachment. 

Hupen To hoot (aeroplane doing contact 

work). 

Hupfiignal Hooting signal (aeroplane). 

Husar Hussar. 

Husaren-Regiment Hussar raiment. 



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Impfen To vaccinate, inoculate. 

Impfliste Vaccination list. 

Infanterie Infantry. 

Infanterieauebildung Infantry training. 

Infanterie-Flieger Infantry aeroplane, contact patrol. 

Infanteriegeschiitz * . . . " Infantry gun." 

Infanteriegeflchiitzbatterie Battery of '^infantry guns.'' 

Infanterie- Konstruktions- 
Bureau Infantry technical section (of tecih-' 

nical institute). * 
Infanterie-Munitions-Kolonne. Infantry ammunition column 

(heavy). 

Infanteriepionierkompagnie Infantry pioneer company. 

Inf anteriereglement ' * Infantry training " (abbreviation 

of **Exerzier-Reglement fiir die 

Infanterie"). 

Inf anterie-Schiess-Schule School of musketry. 

Infanterie-Sturm-Batterie Infantry assault battery. 

Infanterist Infantry soldier. 

Ingenieur-Komitee Engineer conmiittee. 

Ingenieur-Korps The corps of engineers (as distinct 

from the corps of pioneers). 

Inhaltsangabe Statement of contents. 

Inhaltsverzeichnis list of contents. 

Innenwache Inlying picket. 

Innon-Z under Internal fuze. 

Inselwache-Bataillon Coast defense battalion. 

Inspetteur Inspector general. 

Inspektion Inspection (or district, etc., under 

an inspector). 

Instandhaltung Maintenance. 

Instandaetzung Repair. 

Instellunggehen (das) Going into the line. 

Intendant "Intendant" (not translated; an 

intendant is an administrative 

official). 
W 



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G£EMAN MHITAET TERMS AND ABBEEYIATIONS. 75 

Intendantur Intendance (i. e., the service dealing 

with pay, finance, barracks, sup- 
ply, and clothing). 

Intendantur- Assessor Intendance assessor. 

Intendantur-Beamte Intendance officials. 

Intendantur-Rat Intendance councillor. 

Intendantur-R^istrator Intendance registrar. 

IntendantuivSekret&r Intendance clerk. 

Int^imsbahn iTeinporary railway. 

Intervalle (^wischenraum) Interval. 

Irrung Error. 

Isolator Insulator (electrical). 

IsoUerband IhSulating tape. 

Ifloliert Isolated; insulated. 

Iststand lActual strength (as opposed to 

Iststarke | "Etatastarke" or establishment). 

I-Trager St^l joists and girders. 



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J. 

Jacke Jacket. 

Ja^taffel Pursuit flight (aviation unit). 

Jigger *'Jag€ar" (not translated; corresponds 

to our "rifles" or "rifleman"). 

J^r zu Pferde " JSger zu Pferde " (not translated; 

the title of certain cavalry Fo- 
ments). 

Jahresklasse I Yearly class of recruits, annual re- 

Jahrgang j emit contingent. 

Joch Bay (of bridge). 

Jochbrticke Pile bridge. 

Jod Iodine. 

Jodtinktur Tincture of iodine. 

Jugend-Kompagnie A military training company for boys. 

Jugend-Wehr Organization for giving boys a semi- 
military training. 
76 



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K. 

K-Munition Armor-piercing ammunition (rifle 

or machine gun). 

Kabel L, ,, 

Kabeldraht JT 

Kabelleitung Cable line. 

Kabelstrecke Length of cable. 

Kabelkiste Test box. 

Kadettenhaus 



-^ J ^ , , }Cadet school. 

Kadettenschule J 

Kagol (Kampfflugzeug-Ge- 
schwader, Oberste Heeres- 

leitung) Battle-plane squadron under G. H. Q. 

Xahnflkhre Ferry by rowing boat. 

Kaiserliche Kommissar u. Mili- 
tar-Inspekteur Imperial commissioner (of volun- 
tary aid units). 

Kaliber Calibre (gun, rifle, etc.). 

Schweres Kaliber (15 u. 21 

cm.) Heavy artillery (15 and 21 cm.). 

Kleinkalibrig Small bore. 

KaUpatrone Potash cartridge. 

Kammer Chamber, bolt (of rifle). 

Kammerhtilse Central tube (of shrapnel). 

Kammerknopf Knob (of rifle bolt). 

Kammerunteroflazier N.C.O. or quartermaster in charge 

of clothing. 

Kampf Battle, flght, combat, engagement^ 

action. 

Kampf erfahrung Experience of fighting. 

Kampfflugzeug-Geschwader Battle-plane squadron (= 6 battle- 
plane flights). 

Kampffront Front line, fighting front. 

Kampfgas.... Battle gas. 

Kampfhandlung Method of fighting. 

Kampflage Tactical situation. 

Kampfmittel Means of warfare. 

77 



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78 GERMAN lOXITABT TEEXS AND ABBEEYIATIONS. 

Eampfetaffel Battle-plane flight (= 6 battle 

planes). 

Kampftageerate Daily allotment of gun ammunition 

for active operations. 

Kampfunfahig zu machen To put out of action. 

KampfverhiUtniflBe Tactical situatkHi. 

Kampfzweck Objective. 

Kaninchenlocher " Funk holes " (recesses under para- 
pet). 

Kanne Can (of a food carrier). 

Kanone Gun. 

KQstenkanone Coast-defense gun. 

Mantelkanone Jacketed gun. 

Marinekanone Naval gun. 

Revolverkanone Revolver gun. 

Ringkanone Gun with chase rings. 

Turmkanone Gun in turret. 

SchtitzengrabenkaHone Trench gun. 

Kanonen-Granate Gun shell. 

Kanonen-Ziinder Gun fuze. 

Kanonier Gunner. 

Kantine Canteen. 

Kappe Cap (e. g., of fuze, shell, etc.). 

Kapelle Band. 

Kapellmeister Bandmaster. 

Kapitulant Reengaged man. 

Kapitulieren (um weitw zu 

dienen) To reengage. 

Kapitulieren (einer Festung)...To surrender, capitulate. 

Kapsel DetonatOT. 

Kapuze Cape. 

Karabiner Carbine. 

Karabinerfutteral Carbine bucket. 

Karabinier-R^;iment Carbineers (cavabry r^ment). 

Karbidlampe Acetylene lamp. 

Karbol, Karbolsaure Carbolic acid. 

Karbonsaure Carbonic acid. 

Kardatsche Body brush. 

Kartatsche Case shot. 

Karte Map. 

Karten aufziehen To mount maps. 

Kartenvervollstandigung Incorporation into maps. 



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GJOWAir JdUTABY TEEXS AITD ABBESVIATIONS. 79 

Kartenzeichen Conventional signs (maps). 

Kartenzeichnen -Map drawing. 

Kartonzunder Cardboard (electric) fuze. 

Eartusche Cartridge (of gun, not rifle). 

Eartuschenbeutel Cartridge bag. 

Easematte Casemate. 

Easemattenlafette, . , Casemate mounting. 

Easeme Barracks. 

Easemenarrest "... .Confined to barracks. 

Easemenhof Barrack square. 

Easemenkrankenstube Regimental sick and inspection 

room. 

Easino Mess. 

Kasiiioyorstand , Mess president. 

Eassation Cashiering, military degradation. 

Eassieren To cashier, dismiss. 

Easse , . . Safe, money chest; cashier's office. 

Eassenabteilung Finance section of the intendance. 

Eassendienst Pay department. 

Eassenverwaltimg Cashier's or paymaster's office; 

financial administration. 

Eaflsierer Cashier. 

Eastenwagen Instrument wagon (fortress search- 
light section). 

Eavallerie Cavalry. 

Kavallerieattacke Cavalry charge. 

Eavallerie-Division Cavalry division. 

Eavalleriemassen Cavalry forces. 

Eavallerieschleier Cavalry screen. 

KavaUerie-Schutzen Cavalry rifles (dismounted cavalry) . 

Eavallerie-Telegraphenschule.. Cavalry telegraph school. 

Eavallerie - Telegraphenpatro- 
uille Cavalry telegraph patrol. 

Eavallerie-Unteroffizier - Reit- 

schide.p Cavalry non-commissioned officers' 

riding school. 

Eavallerist Cavalry soldier. 

E^elwinkel Angle of cone of dispersion (of a 

shell). 

Eehle Throat; gorge (of a fort). 

Eehren To turn about. 

Eehrt! About turnl 



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80 OEEMAN XHITAEY TE&XS AND ABBEEYIATIOHS. 

Keil Wedge, scotch. 

Keilverschluss Wedge breech action (of a Krupp 

gun). 

Keim Bud, embryo. 

Im Keime ersticken To nip in the bud. 

Kennbuchstabe — ^ Identification letter. 

Kenntlich Conspicuous, clear, distinct. 

Kenntnisnahme (zur) **To note " (at foot of orders). 

Kennwort Password. 

Kennzeichen Distinguishing mark. 

Kentem To turn turtle. 

Kern Kernel, core (e. g., lead core of a 

bullet). 

Kernpunkt Strong point consisting of a fortified 

building or buildings. 

Kemtruppen Picked troops. 

Kemschussweite Point blank range. 

Kessel Kettle, boilerl 

Kettenbrttcke Suspension bridge. 

Keule Club, knobkerry. 

Kies Gravel . 

Kiesbettung Road ballast. 

Kiesel Pebble. 

Kieselguhr "Kieselguhr" (not translated; a fos- 
sil earth used as an absorbent for 
nitroglycerine in the manufacture 
of dynamite). 

Kieselstein Flint. 

Kiesgrube Gravel pit. 

Klammer Dog (timber work); bracket (in 

printing, etc.). 

Klappbett Folding bed. 

Klappe Jack (telephone). 

Klappenschrank : Indicator board (telephone). 

Klappkragen Stand and fall collar (tunic). 

Klebestreifen Adhesive tape (of gas mask). 

Kleiftrupp (Kleiner-Flammen- 
werfer-Trupp) Small Flammenwerfer squad. 

Klemme Terminal (electrical), binding screw. 

Klemmen To squeeze, jam. 

Klemmer Riveter. 

Klinge Blade (of sword). 



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OSBXAH XZUTABT TEBXa Al^A ASlli(«VXATIQI|8. »1 

Kliogelausechalter 3eU piiah. 

Kliogelzeichen Rell signals. 

Klopfaorichtung Mechanical dummy pick (mining) . 

Klopfschacht ..Inclined gallery in which a dummy 

pick is worked (mining). 

Knagge Chock (nailed on a baulk to prevent 

la^hipg from slipping). 

Xnaggenbalken Cli^oci: baulk? (bridgipg). 

Knall Report. 

Knallquecksilber Fulmii^te oi mercury. 

Knallsatz Detopating composition. 

Knebel Tories. 

Kneifzange Pliers. 

Kneifzange, schraubensichere.. Pliers, rpund-npsed pliers. 

Knie Knee; salient. 

Knopf Button. 

Knotenpunkt Junction (railways^ etc.). 

Kniippel Club; winch. 

Kntippel, Knuppelrost Baulk, round timber. 

Kntippeldamm Corduroy road. 

Kochgerat Cooking utensil. 

Kochgeschirr Cooking utensil, mess tin. 

Kochkessel Camp kettle. 

Kochnische \^ ,. , 

Kochstelle jCooking place. 

Kofe Commander of telephone troops (at 

army headquarters). 
Kofl or Kojflieg (Kommandeur 

der Fli^ertruppen) Commander of aviation troops (with 

army, corps, etc.). 
Koflak (Konmiandeur der Flug- 

Abwehr-Kanonen) Commander of the antiaircraft guns. 

Kofu ^Commander of wireless troops (at 

Kofunk / army headquarters). 

Kogen-Luft (Kommandieren- 

der General der Luftstreit- 

krafte) Commander of the air forces. 

Kohldampf HuAger (colloquial). 

Kohlenmonoxyd (Papier) Carbon monoxide (test paper). 

Kohlenoxyd '. Carbon monoxide. 

Kohlensaure Carbonic acid. 

17106—17 6 



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88 GEKICAN XHITAKY TEEXS AND ABBKEYIATIONS. 

Kokarde Cockade (a circular metal badge, two 

of which are worn on the field- 
service cap; they show the Impe- 
rial (upper cockade) and State 
(lower cockade) colors in concen- 
tric rings). 

Kolben Butt {rifle). 

Kolbenhals Small of the butt. 

Kolbenbeschlag \^ 

Kolbenkappe P»" ?!**«• 

Kolonne Column. 

KolonnenbrUcke Bridge for all arms. 

Kolonnengebiet Back billeting area. 

Kolonnenweg Track. 

Kommandantur Commandant's office. 

Kommandeur Commander. 

Eommandieren To detail, detach. 

Kommandierender General General officer commanding an 

army corps. 

Kommandiert Man on detachment, attached (e. g., 

to general staff). 

Kommando Party, detachment, conmiand ; word 

of commt^nd (See also Annee- 
Oberkommando). 

Kommandowort Word of command. 

Das Kommando f (ihren To be in command. 

Ein Kommando haben To be on duty. 

Kommiss (A prefix meaning army, e. g., **Koin- 

missbrot," army bread). 

Kommiasare (Auslade) Detraining inspectors. 

Kommissare (besondere) Special inspectors. 

Kommiss-Stiefel Ammunition boot. 

Kompagnie Company. 

Kompagniefiihrer Company commander. 

Kornpaas : Magnetic compass. 

K5ni^diche Dienstsache On His Majesty's service. 

Kunaerven Preserved food. 

Konaervenbiichse Preserved food tin. 

Konaerven-Verpflegung Tinned rations. 

Konatatieren To observe, find out; to include. 

Kont rolle Supervision, control. 

iCoij troU-Liste Muster roll. 

Kontrollschiessen. Checking registration. 



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GEEICAN MHITABY TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 88 

Kontroll-Versammluiig Muster of reserves. 

Kopfbedeckung Head-dress. 

Kop£femlidrer Head-receiver (telephone). 

Kopframpe End-loading ramp. 

Kopfringscheibe Head target with rings (musketry). 

Kopfscheibe Head target (musketry). 

Kopfschtitzer Balaclava helmet. 

Kopfstiick Top sill of a frame (mining). 

Kopf-Ziinder Nose fuze. 

Koppel Belt. . 

Koppelschloss Belt buckle. 

Koppelzeug Belt. 

Kom Foresight of a rifle. 

Feines Kom Fine sight. 

Gestrichenes Kom Medium sight. 

Voiles Kom Full sight. 

Kdrperpfl^e Personal cleanliness. 

Korperstrafe Corporal punishment. 

Korporalschaft Section (} of a " Zug *' consists of 2 

'*Gmppen/* i. e„ 18 men under 
an under-officer). 

Korps Corps. 

Korps-Apotheker Corps-apothecary. 

Korpsarzt Director of medical services (with 

corps). 

Korpsbruckentrain Corps bridging train. 

. Korps-Intendant Corps intendant. 

Korps-Intendantur Intendance of the corps. 

Korps (-Ober) -Auditeur Corps (chief) judge-advocate. 

Korps-Stabsveterinar Major (veterinary). 

Korpstagesbefehl Corps order of the day. 

Korpstel^raphenabteilung Corps telegraph detachment. 

Korrektur Correction. 

Korridorgraben Gaijgway trench. 

Kost Food. 

Kosten Expenses. 

Kot Mud, mire; excreta. 

Krafte Forces, effectives. 

Krafteverteilung Distribution of forces, order of battle. 

Kraftfahrbataillon Mechanical transport battalion. 

Kraftfahrrad Motor bicycle. 

Kraftfahrtruppen Mechanical transport troops. 

Kraftfahrwep***! Mechanical transport service. 



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^ oEi^iqar xiiiTAEir tebxs anb ABBKsyiAxioirs. 

Kraftlastwagen Mechanical transport lorry. 

Kraftradfahrer Motor cyclist. 

Kraftwagen Motor lorry. 

Kraftwagengeschti^ Antiaircraft gun on motor lorry. 

Kra^twagenkolpnne Mechanical transport column. 

Kraft wagenpark Mechanical transport park. 

Kraftwagenstaffel Lorry train. 

Kragen Col^^r. 

Klappkragen Stand and fall collar. 

Stehkragen Stand up collar. 

Kragenpatten Collar patches. 

Krankenlager Field dresdng station. 

Krankenliste Sick list. 

Krankenkraftwagen Motor ambidance. 

Krankenlohnung Sick pay, pay while in hospital. 

Krankenpflege (freiwillige) Voluntary aid . 

Krankensammelpunkt \^ „ ^ i. 4^ /jl. j j\ 

^ i ,*1 „ >Collecting station (for wounded). 

Krankensammelstelle J ® ^ 

Krankenstube Dressing station. 

Krankentrage Stretcher. 

Rrankentrager Stretcher bearer. 

Krankentransport-Abteilung...Sick and wounded transportj de- 
tachment, ambulance section. 

Krankenwarter Hospital orderly, sick attendant. 

Krankenwagen Ambulance wagon. 

Krankenzug Ordinary train for sick and wounded. 

Kratzhacke Long scraper. 

Kreis (Kr in a postmark) District. 

Kreisbeamte District official. 

Kreisen To move in a circle, circle (of Jaero- 

planes). 

Kreisleitung Omnibus circuit (electrical). 

Krepieren To explode (of shells); to die (of 

animals). 

Kreuz Cross gallery (mining). 

Kreuz (eisernes) Iron cross. 

Kreuzfeuer Cross fire. 

Kreuzhacke Pickax. 

Kreuzmuffe Three-way joint (electrical). 

Kreuzstelle Junction (of roads, etc.). 

Kreuzung Crossing. 

Kriegerverein Military Veterans* Society. 

Kriegs-Akademie Staff collie. 



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€^)skMk ifl^TABT tEftttS ANb ABliKSVlATtONS. ftS 

Kri^s-Akademiker Staff college gwiduat^. 

Kriegsamt War bur^u. 

egaa yCall to arms. 

Knegsaufgebot j 

KTi^;8aii8ru8tung War equiplnfent. 

Kriegsbedarf Military stores. 

Eriegsbehdrde Military authoriti^. 

Kriegsbekleidungsamt War clothing depot. 

Kriegsbereitschaft Readiness for war. 

Kriegsbericht War record, communique. 

Kriegsberichterstatter War correspondent. 

Kriegsdienst Active military service. 

Kriegsdienstipflichtiger Conscript. 

Kriegsdrangsal Horrors of War. 

Kriegsetat War footing. 

Kriegsfahig Fit for field ^rvice. 

Kriegsfreiwilliger War volunteer. 

Kri^sf iilirung Conduct Of wslr. 

Kriegsfuss (auf — setzen) To mobilize. 

Kri^^efangener Prisoner df war. 

Kriegsgerat War stories, w^ iequipihent. 

Kri^sgericht District court ibaTtial. 

Kri^egerichtsrat Judge advocJite general. 

Kri^sgesetz Martial law. 

Krieg^liederung Order of battle. 

Kriegshilfsdienst Auxiliary service in war time. 

Kriegshund War dog. 

Kriegskunde The art of w£ir. 

Kri^kunst Strategy, art of war. 

Kriegslazarett (Abteilung) Clearing hospital (detachinent). 

Kriegslist Stratagem. 

Kriegsmarsch Tactical march. 

Kri^sministerium War ministry. 

Kri^sministeriuinserlass War ministry "order. 

Kriegsnot : Stress of war. 

Kriegsportion Field service ration. 

Kriegsrat Council of war. 

Kriegsrecht Martial law. 

Kriegsschauplatz .' I'heater of operations or front. 

Kriegsschule War school (somewhat simito to the 

R. M. 0. Sandhurst and R. M. A. 

Woolwich). 
Kriegsstammrolle Nominal roll. 



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86 GSBXAH XILITABY TEBMS AND ABB&SYIATIOKS. 

Kriegsstand War strength, establishment 

Kriegstagebuch War diary. 

Kriegstark At war establishment. 

Kriegsverpflegungsamt Commissariat. 

Kriegsverwaltung War administration. 

Kriegsvollbahn Normal gauge military railway. 

Kriegswesen Military affairs, war department. 

Kriegszahlamt Army pay ofl&ce. 

Kriegszahlmeister Army paymaster. 

Kriegszufalle Contingencies of war. 

Kroki Sketch map. 

KrtUnper Cast horse kept on for fatigues. 

Kruppe Crupper. 

Ktibel Bucket, pail. 

Kugel Bullet, ball. 

Kugelfest Bullet proof. 

Kugelhandgranate Ball hand grenade. 

Kugellager Bearing block, ball bearing. 

Kugelmine Spherical trench mortar shell. 

Kugel, schwebende Parachute flare. 

Kugelsicher Bullet proof. 

Ktthler Water jacket. 

Kumt Collar (harness). 

Kimde News, note, intelligence. 

Kundschaf t Scouting, espionage. 

Kimdschaf ter Scout 

Eunstbauten Bridges, tunnels, etc. 

Ktinsteleien Artificial methods. 

Kupferleitimgsdraht Copper line wire. 

Kuppe Round hilltop, knoll. 

Kuppel Cupola. 

Kuppeln To couple. 

K<irassier Cuirassier. 

Kiirassier-Regiment Cuirassier regiment. 

Kurbel Crank. 

Kurbelwelle Crank shaft. 

Kiiste Coast. 

Ktisten-Haubitze Coast-defense howitzer. 

Ktisten-Kanone Coast-defense gun. 

Kiistenlafette Coast-defense moimting. 

Ktisten-Mfirser Coast-defense mortar. 

Ktistenverteidigung Coast defense. 

Ktbater Sacristan. 



Digitized by CjOOQIC 



J 



Labeflasche Bottle of cordial (medical). 

Labung Refreshment, treatment. 

Ladefahig In serviceable condition (of ammu- 
nition). 

Ladebemmung Jam (e. g., in rifle or machine gim). 

Ladekammer Chamber (mining). 

Ausarbeiten der Ladekam- 
mer Chambering. 

Ladekommando Battery charging detachment (wire- 



Ladestelle Entraining station, loading platform. 

Ladestock Ramrod. 

Ladestorung Jam (e. g., in machine gun). 

Ladestreifen Charger or strip (for loading magazine 

rifle). 

Ladung Charge. 

Greballte Ladung Concentrated charge. 

Eine kleine Ladung spren- 

gen To blow a camouflet. 

Ladui^sabstand L. L. R. or line of least resistance 

(mining). 
LadimgehtQle Canister bomb (used with light "La- 

dungswerfer")- 

Ladungsmine (Wurfladung) Canister bomb (used with heavy " La- 

dungswerfer"). 

Ladungswerfer " Ladungswerfer " (not translated; a 

form of trench mortar). 

Lafette Gun carriage. 

Kasemattenlafette Casemate moimting. 

Ktistenlafette Coast-defense mounting. 

Panzerlafette Shielded mounting. 

Schirmlafette Carriage with overhead shield. 

Unterlafette Lower carriage. 

Lafettenschwanz Trail (of gun). 

Lafettensitze Seat on gun carriage. 

87 



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88 GEEXAN MILITAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 

Lafettenspom Spade of gun carriage, trail spade. 

Lafettenwand Bracket of gun carriage. 

Lage *- .Situation, state of affairs, condition, 

state, position; fall (of shell, etc.). 

Lager Camp. 

Lager aufheben To strike camp. 

Lager aufschlagen To pitch camp. 

Lagerpfahl Picket post. 

Lagerplatte Platform. 

Lagerplatz Depot, dump. 

Lagerstroh Straw for bedding. 

Lagerung Storage. 

LUhmen To disable, paralyze, neutralize. 

Lahmlegung Silencing or neutralizing (of artil- 
lery, etc.). 

Landbriicke Abutment. 

Landesaufnahme Survey Department (of War min- 
istry). 

Landesfahrzeug Country cart. 

Landgendarmerie Territorial police (Prussia). 

LandjSgerkorps Territorial police (Wiirltemberg). 

Landkarte Map. 

Landmacht Land forces. 

Landmine Land mine. 

Landsturm "Landsturm" (not translated). 

Landsturmmann (gedienter). . .Trained Landsturm inaii. 

Landstiummann (ungedienter). Untrained Landsturm man. 

Landung Landing. 

Landwehr "Landwehr" (not translated). 

Lange von Greenwich Longitude of Greenwich. 

Langenabweickimgen Errors in range. 

Langenstreuung Errors in range due to the gun. 

Larggranate Loig shell. 

lAngsbestreichuBg l^^^j^^ g^^ 

Langsf euer | 

Lanz "Lanz" (the name of a certain kind 

of trench mortar). 

Lappen Rag. 

Fusslappen Foot bandage. 

Lastkraftwagen Motor lorry. 

Laattier Pack aiiilnal. 

Lateme Lantern. 



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Latte .Lath. 

Lattenroste Gratii^, **duck boards." 

Lattensted Ladder bridge (for croseing obstacles) 

Lauerstellung Position of readiness (artillery). 

Lanze Lance. 

Stahlrohrlanze Steel lance. 

Lanzen zur Attacke ^efailt Lances at the ready. 

Lauf Course, run; barrel (of rifle). 

Laufbretter "Duck boards." 

Laufbr^cke Light bridge. 

Laufbriicke (verstarkte) Light bridge, suitable for field 

artillery. 

Laufen To run. 

Laufend Current. 

Auf dem Laufehdeii halten.To keep up-to-date (e. g., a list). 

Laufer Runner (messenger). 

Lauffeuer Running fire. 

Laufgraben Communication trench. 

Laufgrabendepot Trench depot. 

Laufgraben-Oflfizier Orderiy officer in the trenches. 

Laufschiene Guide rail (bridging). 

Laufschritt Double time. 

Lauschjwsten Listening post. 

Lautverstarker Amplifier valve (telegraphy). 

Lazarett Hospital. 

Lazarettabteilung Hospital section of the intendance. 

Lazarettgehilfte Hospital assistant. 

Lazarett-Inspektor Inspector of hospitals. 

Lazarett - Okonomie-Verwalt- Hospital administration officials, 
ung. 

Lazarettschiff Hospital ship. 

Lazarettwagen Aihbulance wagon. 

Lazarettzug Ambulance train. 

Lebensbedingungen Conditions of living. 

Lebensmittel Food. 

Leben8mitteldex)ot Ration dump. 

Lebensmittelempfanger Supply orderly. 

LebensmittelkiSte Ration box. 

Lebensmittelwagen Sut)ply -wagon-. 

Lebhaft Vigorous, rapid (of firing). 

T J V^*.' } Leather washer. 

Lederscheibe J 

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90 GE&MAN XniTAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEYIATIONS. 

Leeren To empty, sometimes to deflate. 

Lehm Clay. 

Lehmbod en Clay soil . 

Lehmgrube Clay pit. 

Lehr-Batterie Instructional battery. 

Lehr-Regiment Instructional regiment. 

Lehrschmied Instructional forge. 

Leibgardader Hartschiere Bavarian bodyguard of Halbardlers. 

Leibgendarmerie Body guard jwlice. 

Leibgrenadier-R^ment Body grenadier raiment. 

Leibriemen Belt. 

Leibwache Life guard, 

Leichtatmer Low resistance breathing drum (gas). 

Leichte Munitions-Kolonne Light ammunition column. 

Leichte Nebelmine Light smoke-bomb. 

Leichter Maschinen-Gewehr- 

Trupp Light machine gun section. 

Leichtkranken-Abteilimg Section for mild cases. 

Leichtverwundeten-Sammel- 
platz Collecting station for slightly 

woimded. 

Leistung, Performance, work. 

Leistimgsfahigkeit Efficiency. 

Leiten To direct. 

Einheitlich leiten To coordinate. 

Leiterbrucke Ladder bridge, 

Leitfeuer Slow match, safety fuze (mining, 

etc.). 
Leitimg .Line, circuit (e. g., of telephone); 

command. 

Hin- und Rtickleitung Complete metallic circuit. 

Leitungsdraht Line wire, wire. 

Leitungsgraben Telephone line trench. 

LeitungskontroUieren Line testing. 

Leitungsnetz Telephone system. 

Leitungspatrouille (Mann) Lineman. 

Leitungsprobe .Line test. 

LeitungsprMer Testing apparatus (electrical). 

Leitungsschnur Lead. 

Leitungszeicher Galvanometer. 

Leitwelle Cam. 

Lenkballon Dirigible airship. 



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GEEMAN lOUTAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 91 

Lenken To guide, direct (fire). 

Lenkluftschiff Dirigible airship. 

Leuchtapparat I th x- x. 

Leuchtgeriit [illuminating appwatua. 

Leuchtgeschoss Star shell. 

Leuchtkugel Light, light ball. 

Leuchtmasse Phosphorescent compound. 

Leuchtpatrone Light-pistol cartridge. 

Leuchtpatronensignal Light signal. 

Leuchtpistole Light pistol, illuminating pistol. 

Leuchtrakete Light rocket. 

Fallschirmrakete Parachute light. 

Leuchtzeichen Light signal. 

Leuchtzeichen-Zwischenposten Light-signal station. 

Leukoplast Adhesive tape. 

Leutnant Second lieutenant, 

Libelle Clinometer, level . 

Libellenaufsatz Clinometer sight. 

Libellensttlck Level. 

Libellenteil Clinometer graduation. 

Lichtbilderger&t Photographic apparatus. 

Lichtkegel Beam (of searchlight). 

Lichtsignalapparat Light-signaling apparatus. 

Lichtsignale Limiinous signals. 

Lichtsignaltrupp Light-signaling detachment. 

Lichtung Clearing (e. g., in a wood). 

Lichtzentfale Light and power station. 

Liebesgaben Gifts to soldiers in the field, "com- 
forts." 

Lieferant Contractor. 

Lieferung Supply, delivery. 

Liegen "Fall" (e. g., of shell). 

Liegen, richtig To be accurate (e. g., of artillery fire). 

Liegeraum Small shelter for cover, lying. 

Liegesttitz Lying or prone position. 

Linie Line. 

Linie, erste, zweite, etc First, second, etc., line position. 

Vorderste Linie Front or foremost line. 

LinienfQhrung (festlegen) To mark out. 

Linien-Konmiandantur Office of line commandant (railway). 

Links uml Left turn! 

Lmks Bchwenktl Left wheell 



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H GB&ltAir ICniTAEY TE&M8 AKB ABBEEVIATiOHS. 

List 6tratagem^ trick*, ruse. 

Liete L-st, roll. 

Li tewka "Li tewka " or loose blou^. 

Litze Braiding. 

Lochmannhindemis L^chmann entanglement. 

Lockem (sich).. .^ T6 beciMne loos&. 

Ldhnung« , .Pay (of sf^diers). 

Lose (Schtltzenlinie) Thin or extended (liiie of skirmish- 
ers). 
Laeung Solution (cipher). 

7^^^ ' ■ > Countersign. 

Losungswort ) ® 

Lticke Gap. 

Luft Air. 

Wir bekamen dicke Luft. .We were heavily shelled (colloquial). 

Luftangriff Aerial attack. 

Luftdruck Air i^ressure. 

Luftdruckwirkung Effect of concussion. 

Luf terkundung Aerial reconnaissance. 

Luftpumpe Air pump. 

LuftrohrentzQndung Bronchitis. 

Luftschiff Airship. 

Luftschiffahrt Aeronautics, airshij) voyage. 

Luftschiffer Aeronaut. 

Luftschiffer-Abteilung (Feld-) . Balloon detachment. 

Luftschiffer-Bataillon Air battalion. 

Luftschiftfilhrer Airship commander. 

Luftschiffer-Trupp Airship detachment. 

Luftschiffertruppen Airship and balloon troops. 

Luftschraube Aeroplane (airship) propeller. 

Luftschtitzl Air protection! (word passeddown the 

telephone when hostile aircraft 

cross the line). 

Luftstreitkr&fte Air forces. 

Lunte Match (mining, etc.). 



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M. 

zin Msvgazine, store, depot. 

Magazinfuhrparkkolonne Depot supply park. 

Mj^gt^inportio^i Regulatioii ration. 

Magazin-Verwaltung Magazine officials. 

Major Major. 

Mannschaft (arbeitende) Working party. 

Mannschaften Rank and file, details. 

Mannszucht Military discipline. 

Manover Maneuver. 

Mantel Greatcoat; jacket (of gun, etc.). 

Mantel-Kanone Jacketed gu^. 

Mantebiemen Qreatcoat strap. 

Marine Navy. 

Marine-Alarm-Signal Naval alarm signal (probably some 

form of mechanical fog signal). 
Marine-Division (Brigade, etc.). Naval division (brigade, etc.). 
Marine-Infanterie-Regiment. . .Marine infantry raiment. 

Marine-Korps Naval Corps. 

Marine-Landflieger-Abteilung.. Naval land flight (aviation unit). 

Marketender Canteen personnel. 

Marketenderei Canteen. 

Marketenderwagen Canteen cart. 

Markierter Feind A "marked" enemy. 

Marschbefehl March orders. 

Marschbereit Ready to move. 

Marschfahig Able to walk, fit for marching. 

Marschgeschwindigkeit Rate of marching. 

Marschieren To march. 

Marschkolonne Infantry in fours, column on the 

march, column of route. 

Marschleistung Marching power. 

Marschl Marsch! , .Double! 

Marsch ohne Tritt The break step. 

Marschordnung Order of March. 

Marschzucht March discipline. 

93 



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94 GEBXAH XILITA&Y TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 

Maschinen - Flug -Abwehr - Ea- 

nonen-Zng Antiaircraft machine gun section. 

Maschinen-Grewehr Machine gun. 

Maschinen-Gewehr-Abteilung. Machine gun detachment. 
Maschinen - Gewehr - Eigan- 

zungs-Zug Machine gun section. 

Maschinen-Crewehr-Kompagnie. Machine gun company. 
Maschinen - Gewehr - Scharf- 

schtitzen-Kompagnie Machine gun marksman company. 

Maschinen - Gewehr - Scharf- 

schtitzen-Trupp Machine gun marksman section 

(obsolete). 

Maschinen-Gewehr-Stand Machine gum emplacement. 

Maschinen - Gewehr - Trupp 

(Leichter) Light machine gun section. 

Maschinen-Gewehr-Zug Machine gun section. 

Maske Gas mask. 

Maskenstoff Fabric of a gas mask. 

Maskieren To mask, make invisible. 

Maskierung Camouflage. 

Mass Measurement. 

Massenfeuer Concentrated fire (e. g., of artillery). 

Massenstreufeuer Intense distributed fire (artillery). 

Massnahme Measure, disposition (of troops). 

Mastfemrohrtrupp Mast periscope section. 

Material Equipment, material. 

Materialanforderung Indent for stores. 

Materialiendepot Supply dump. 

Materialienwagen Material wagon (tel^raph equip- 
ment). 

Massstab Scale, rule, ruler. 

Matrose Sailor. 

Matrosen-Regiment ^'Matrosen" regiment. 

Mauerung Revetment. 

Mauerwerk Masonry. 

Maul Muzzle. 

Maulesel | Miilp 

Maultier / 

Meldedienst Service of despatch riders, runners, 

etc. 

Meldeganger Runner. 

Meldeheft Message book, report book. 



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OEEKAH mLITABY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIOKS. 95 

Meldehund Messenger dog. 

Meldekarte Message fonn. 

Meldekette Chain of runners. 

Meldelaufer Runner. 

Meldelaiiferkette Chain of runners. 

Melden To report. 

Meldereiter Mounted orderly. 

Meldesammelstelle Report center. 

Meldeverkehr Messenger traffic. 

Meldewesen Signals. 

Meldung Report. 

Eine Meldung auffangen . . To intercept a message. 

Membrane Diaphragm. 

Merkblatt Instructions, pamphlet. 

Messbild Scale drawing. 

Measingkartusche Brass cartridge case. 

Messingklemme Brass terminal. 

Messkette Measuring chain. 

Messplan Artillery plan, "plan directeur.*' 

Measplan-Abteilung Survey section (obsolete). 

Messstabe Scales (for stadia rods). 

Messstelle Survey post or station. 

Haupt-Messstelle Central compiling and plotting 

station. 

Messtisch Plane table. 

Messtrupp Survey station. 

MesBverfahren, akustisches Sound ranging. 

Messzentrale Central survey office (compiling and 

plotting station). 

Miete Shock, stook, rick, haystack. 

Mikrophon Microphone. 

MUchschmeifiserei Light bombardment (colloquial). 

Militar-Backer Military baker. 

Mihtar-Bau-Verwaltung Military works administration. 

Militar-Bau-Wesen Military works department. 

Militar-Eisenbahn-Direktion . .Military railways directorate. 
Militar-Eisenbahn-Werkstatten- 

Amt Military Railway workshop office. 

Mihtarfahrplan Military time table. 

MiUtar-Flugwesen Military aviation service. 

Militar-Geistlicher Military chaplain, 

Mihtar-Gerichts-Aktuar Military actuary. 



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n QSEKEAl^ WX.IT4BY TEI^MS ANP 4^B^SV^ATI0N£(. 

Militar-Krankenwarter Sick attendant. 

Mill tar- Kiister Military sacristan. 

Militarmass Military standard. 

Militar-Pharmaceutisches- 

Personal Military apotheca-riea. 

Militar-Reit-Institut School of military equitation. 

Militar-Strafgesetzbuch Military criminal code. 

Militar-Verkehrswesen Military communication service. 

Militarischer Richte? Member of a court-martial. 

Mine Mine or Minenwerfer shell. 

Minenfeld Minefield. 

Minenfeuer Minenwerfer or trench mortar fire. 

Minengalerie |e^jj (^^ ) 

Muxengang > 

Minengerbe Inverted cone in ground formed by 

firing a mine. 

Minengraben Mine trench (in which entrances to 

mines are made). 

Minenhalle Mine dug-out (mining). 

MinenhtiUe Canister bomb (used with heavy 

* * Ladungswerf er " ) . 

Minenhunde Truck (mining). 

Minenkratze Clay adze (mining). 

Minensperre Mine field. 

Minensplitter Trench mortar bomb splinter. 

Minensprengung Mine explosion, blowing of a mine. 

MinenstoUen Mine gallery. 

Minentrichter Mine crater. 

Minenwerfer ''Minenwerfer " (usually not trans- 
lated); trench mortar. 

Minenwerfer-Abteilung Minenwerfer detachment (obsolete). 

Minenwerfer-Bataillon Minenwerfer battalion. 

Minenwerf er-Kompagnie Minenwerfer company. 

Minenwerfer-Trupp Minenwerfer subsection (crew for 1 

trench mortar). 

Minenwerf er-Zug Minenwerfer section (subdivision of 

a ''Minenwerfer" company). 

Mineur Miner. 

Mineurkompagnie Mining company. 

Minieren To mine. 

MissweisungderMagnetnadel. .Deviation of the compass. 

MithSren To overhear. 

Mitteilung Message, report, information. 



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OEEMAN lOUTABY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 97 

Mittelgang Central passage (of dugout). 

Mittelpferd Center horse. 

Mittelplatte Center plate. 

Mitwirkung Cooperation. 

Mobil Mobile, mobilized. 

Mobilisieren To mobilize. 

Mobilmachung Mobilization. 

Mobilmachungsbefehl Mobilization order. 

Monteur Mechanic (flying troops). 

MoDtieren To mount, to fit together. 

Montierung Clothing, equipment; moimting. 

Montierungs-Depot-VerwaltungClothing depot ofl&cials. 

Moritz Name used to denote listening sets. 

Mdrser Mortar. 

Bronze-Morser Bronze mortar. 

Erdmdrser Buried trench mortar, ^^earth mor- 
tar." 

Kflsten-M6rser Coast-defense mortar. 

Morserbatterie Mortar battery. 

Morseschrift Morse alphabet. 

Motorwagen Motor car. 

Mtihle Mill. 

Mulde Depression, hollow. 

Mundloch Fuze hole. 

Mundlochbtlchse Old pattern type of fuze. 

Mundlochfutter (Jaine (of fuze). 

Mundscheibe Mouth opening (of a gas mask). 

Mundschlauch Mouth tube. 

Mundsttick Muzzle (of gun). 

Mtindung .- Moufh, muzzle. 

MOndungsblitz Gun flash. 

Mtindungsdeckel Muzzle cap. 

Mttndungsfeuer Gun flash. 

MUndung8feueranschneiden...To obtain bearings on the flashes. 

Mundungsgeschwindigkeit Muzzle velocity. 

Mtindungsschoner Muzzle protector. 

Munition Ammunition. 

Alder B-Munition "Alder B " ammunition (explosive 

bullet for antiaircraft purposes). 

Gegurtete Munition Filled belts (machine gun). 

Grunkreuz-Munition "Green Cross" ammunition (a form 

of gas shell). 
17106—17 7 



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M OIBXAV XZXZTABY TS&K8 ANB ABB&BTUTIOHS. 

Munition — Continued . 

K-Munition Annor-pi^cing ammunition (rifle) ; 

E shell (asphyxiating gAM ^ell). 

L. E. Munition "L. E.'* ammunition (explosive rifle 

bullets for antiaircraft purposes). 

Panzer-Munition Armor-piercing bullets. 

S-Munition **S '* ammunition (with the ordin&iy 

pointed rifle bullet). 
Spreng-Munition The regulation explosive (trinitro- 
toluol). 

T-Munition T-shell (lachrymatory gas ^ell). 

Munitionsausgabestelle Ammunition refilling point. 

Munitionsbestand Stock of ammunition. 

Munitionseinsatz Expenditure of ammunition. 

Munitionsersatz Replenishment of ammunition. 

Munitionskeller Deep dugout for storing ammunition. 

Munitionskolonne (Artillerie, 

Inf anterie) Heavy ammunition column(artiilery, 

infantry). 
Munitionskolonne (leichte, 

leichte Feldhaubitze) Ammunition coliunn (li^t, for light 

field howitzers). 

Munitionsleute Ammunition party. 

Munitionsnachschub Ammunition supply. 

Munitionsniederlage Ammunition store. 

Munitionsverbrauch Expenditure of ammunitioii. 

Munitionsvergeudung Waste of ammunition. 

Munitionswagen Ammunition wagon. 

Munitionszug Ammunition train. 

Muskete Automatic rifle. 

Musketen-Bataillon "Musketen" battalion (armed with 

automatic rifle). 

Musketier Private (of the active category in a 

line infantry regiment). 

Muster Pattern. 

Musterung Mustering (of recruits), iexaminatioa 

{ot recruits). 

Mtitze Cap. 

Dienstmutze Peaked cap. 

Feldmiitze. Field service capu 

Pelzmutze Fur cap, hussar bui^y. 

Schinnmiitze Peaked cap. 



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N. 

Nicheraate Drafts. 

Nachexerzieren To do extra drilL 

Nachfarben To dye. 

Nachforschimg Investigation. 

Nachfrage Inquiry, demand. 

Nachhut \^ , 

Nachkommando J ^ 

Nachlieferung Supply. 

Nachricliten-Abteilung tntell^ence section. 

Nachrichtenmittel Means of communication. 

Nachrichtenmittel-Offizier Communication officer. 

Nachrichten-Offizier Intelligence officer. 

Nachrichtensammlung Collection of intelligence. 

Nachrichtensammelstelle Information center. 

Nadmchtenwesen Intelligence service. 

Nachschub Supply (of men and material, from 

rear to front), drafts, reenforce- 

ments. 

Nachseben To inspect. 

Nachsetzen (jemandem) To pursue. 

Nachspitzenkompagnie Rearward point company. 

Nachtdienst Nigbt diift. 

Nachtrab Rear, rear guard. 

Nachtrag Addendum, supplement (frequently 

met with in German orders). 
Nachtragliche Uberbauung Addition (i. e., which can be made 

to trenches). 

Nachtrupp Rear party. 

Nachuntersuchung(arztliche)-. Second medical examination. 

Nachwirkung After effects (e. g., ol gas). 

Nachztigler Straggler, marauder. 

Nahe Vicinity, nearness. 

In erreichbarer Nahe Within striking distance. 

Nahkampf Close combat. 

Nahkampfgruppe Close-range group (artillery). 

Nahkampf mittel Close-range weapons. 

99 



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100 GEBKAN lOLITAEY TEEMS AHB ABBEEYIATIONS. 

Namensanmf Roll call. 

Namensverzeichnis List of names. 

Namenszug Regimental monogram. 

Nasenklemme Nose clip (gas). 

Naaenst^ Nose piece (of goggles). 

Nationale Details of birth, profession, etc. 

(found in pay books and other 

official documents). 

Nebel Mist, fog. 

Nebelhom Foghorn. 

Nebelmine Smoke bomb. 

Nebelwolke Smoke cloud. 

Nebenabschnitt Neighboring sector. 

Nebenarm Minor branch of a branch gallery 

(mining). 

Nebenfluss Tributary. 

Nebengeleise Siding. 

Nebenstrasse 1^ , , , , 

Nebenweg JBy-road, branch road. 

Nebenwirkung Secondary effect. 

Neigung Inclination, slope. 

Nervenschock Shell shock. 

Nest Nest (an isolated pointjsecured in'the 

enemy's line). 

Netz Network system. 

Neuanlagen New works. 

Neuaufnahme Resurvey. 

Neuer Art (n/A) New pattern. 

Neueingestellte Newly arrived men. 

Neugestalten To reorganize. 

Neuigkeit News. 

Neutralitatsabzeichen Badge for neutrals. 

Nichttransportfahig Unfit for transport. 

Niederhalten To dominate. 

Niederkampfen To silence (a battery). 

Niederkampfung Silencing, neutralizing (e. g., of 

hostile artillery); counter-battery 

work. 

Niederlage Defeat. 

Niedermetzeln To massacre, slaughter. 

Niederschiessen To shoot down. 

Niederspannungsleitung Low tension line. 



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GEUCAH XILITABY TEEMS AND ABBEEYIATIONS. 101 

Niet Rivet. 

Nische Recess (e. g., in parapet or trench). 

Normalspurbahn Standard gauge mlway. 

Notbehelf Expedient; emergency signal. 

Notleitimg Emergency line (telephone, etc.). 

Notrampe Extemporized ramp (for entraining 

purposes). 

Nottrage Emergency stretcher. 

Notzeichen Emergency signal, S. O. S. signal. 

Nullpunkt Zero, freezing point. 

Nullpunkt (Batterie) Battery aiming point. 

Nullzeit Zero time (time for the commence- 
ment of an operation). 



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Oberant Lieutenant (medical). 

Oberblk^ker Chief baker. 

Oberbefehlshaber Commander-in-chief. 

Oberlahnenschmied Farrier-sergeant. 

Oberfeldheer Supreme commander-in-chief (i. e., 

the Emperor). 

Ober-Festungs-Bauwttrter Chief superintendent of fortifica- 
tions. 

Oberfeuerwerker Chief artificer. 

Oberfeuerwerkerschule School for artificers. 

Obergefreiter Bombardier of foot artillery. 

Obergeneralarzt und Sanit&ts- 
Inspekteur Major general (medical). 

Obergurt Surcingle. 

Oberhandwerker des Trains Chief tradesman of the train. 

Oberjager Under-officer of rifles; King's mes- 
senger. 

Oberkommando Headquarters staff. 

Oberkommando (Armee-) Army headquarters. 

Ober (Korps)-Auditeur Chief (corps) judge advocate. 

Oberlazarettgehilfe. . . * Chief hospital assistant. 

Oberleutnant Lieutenant. * 

Obermeister Staff-sergeant of artillery technical 

establishments. 

Oberquartiermeister Not translated : Deputy chief of the 

general staff of an army, or head of 
a section of the general staff in the 
war ministry. 
Erster-Oberquartiermeister.Not translated: Deputy chief of the 

general staff of the field army. 

Oberst Colonel. 

Oberstabsapotheker Chief apothecary. 

Oberstabsarzt Major (medical). 

Oberstabsveterinar Brevet major (veterinary). 

Oberste Heeresleitung Commander in chief, general head- 
quarters, higher command. 
102 



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aSKMAJI XILZTAmT XBBM8 AKD ABBEBTIATIOm. Ml 

Oberstleutnant Lieutenant colonel. 

Oberveterinar Lieutenant (veterinary) . 

Oberwallmeister Staff-sergeant of fortifications. 

Obersunding (mit) With overhead ignition (pattern of 

21 cm. mortar). • 

Ofen Mine chamber (mining). 

Offensive Offensive. 

Oflizier Officer. 

Ofllzier der Ronde Officer of the roimda* visiting rounds. 

Offizier vom Tageedienst Officer of the day. 

Ofl^er-Aspirant Probationary or aspirant officer, ca- 
det. 

GflBizier-Reitschule Officer* s riding school (at Paderbom, 

Dresden, etc.). 

Ofi^iersprtifung Officers* examination (examination 

for commission). 

Ofl&zierstellvertreter Acting officer (but usually not trans- 
lated). 

Okonomie-Hand worker Regimental tradesman. 

Ollappen Oily rags. 

Olspritzflasche Oil can. 

Operationsbasis Base of operations. 

Operationsbefehl Operation order. 

Operationsgebiet Zone of the field army. 

0-Punkt Aiming jwint, reference point. 

Ordnung (Tages-) Order of the day. 

Ordnung (geschlossene) Close order. 

Ordnung (offene) : . . .Open order. 

Ordonnanz Orderly. 

Ordonnanzdienst Orderly duty. 

Ordonnanz-Offizier Orderly officer. 

Organ Personnel; individual, subordinate, 

member of section. 

Orientierung Orientation, reconnaissance. 

Orientierung im Gelande Knowledge of the groimd. 

Orientierung Fire direction by means of pre- 
arranged light signals (artillery). 

Ort Place, village. 

Ort In mining, used sometimes instead 

of "Spitze" for the face of a work- 
ing. 

Ortsbefehl Local order. 



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lot GEKMAJI XILITAmY TEBXS AND ABB&EYIATIOVS. 

Ortsbehdrde Municipal or local authorities. 

Ortsbiwak Close billets. 

Ortsthaft Locality, village, place. 

Ortsdieiist Orderly officer's duty in place where 

troops are billeted. 
Ortsfestungs - Flug - Abwehr - 

Kanonen-Zug Antiaircraft section attached to a 

fortress. 

Ortskommandant Town major, local commandant. 

Ortskonmiandantur Town major's office. 

Ortskrankenstube Medical inspection room. 

Ortslazarett Local hospital. 

Ortsquartier Billet. 

Ortsunterkunft Billets (ordinary). 

Ortsvorstand Local authorities, mayor. 

Ortsverkehr Local correspondence, traffic. 

Ose Eye, shank, lug. 



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p. 

Packtasche Wallet. 

Packwagen Baggage wagon. 

Paletot Greatcoat (officer's). 

Pallasch Straight sword (of heavy cavalry). 

Panjepferd Russian horse (requisitioned). 

Panjewagen Russian cart (requisitioned). 

Panzerauto Armored car, "tank." 

Panzerbatterie Armored battery. 

Panzergranate Armor-piercing shell. 

Panzerkraftwagen Armored car, "tank." 

Panzerkuppel Armored cupola. 

Panzerlafette Shielded mounting. 

Panzermunition Armor-piercing bullets. 

Panzerplatte Armour plate. 

Panzerschild Armored shield. 

Panzerturm Armored turret. 

Panzerwagen Armored car, "tank." 

Panzerzug Armored train. 

Paradeanzug Full dress. 

Paradeschritt "Goose" step, drill step. 

Parkieren To park. 

Park-Kompagnie Park company. 

Parkplatz Park (for ammunition, etc.). 

Parlamentar Bearer of a flag of truce. 

Parole Coimtersign, parole. 

Paiolebuch Order book. 

Paiolelosung Countersign. 

Pass Pass, x>ermit, passport. 

Patent Officer's commission. 

Patrone Cartridge (in the case of a gun, only 

when it is fixed ammunition). 

Ungegurt^te Patronen Loose rounds (machine gun). 

PatronenhOlse Cartridge case . 

Patronenkasten Ammunition box. 

Patronenlager Powder chamber. 

105 



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lOe GEBKAN MHITAEY TEEMS AHB ABBEEYIATIONS. 

Patronentasche Cartridge pouch. 

Patronenwagen Small arms ammunition (S.A.A.) 

wagon. 

Patrouille Patrol; party. 

Patroiullenangriff " 

Patrouillengang Raid. 

Patroidllenimtemehmung 

Patte Patch (on lapel, sleeve, collar, etc.). 

Pauke Kettle drum. 

Pauker Kettle drummer. 

Pause (Feuer-) Pause or interval in firing. 

In Pausen Intermittently. 

Pechkraaz Pitch ring (for incendiary purposes; 

also used for indicating the line 
reached by troops) . 

Pelerine Cape. 

Pelzmtitze Fur cap, hussar busby. 

Perlen "Pearls" (light signal). 

Personal Personnel. 

Pfadfinder Boy scout. 

Pfahl Picket, pile. 

Pfahlbrticke Pile bridge. 

Pfahljoch .* Pile trestle. 

Pfahlwerk Palisade. 

Pfeil Arrow; picket; upright or leg (min- 
ing). 
Pferd Horse. 

Chargenpf erd Officer's charger. 

Dienstpferd Troop horse. 

Handpferd Led horse. 

Lastpferd Pack horse, heavy draft horse. 

Mittelpferd Center horse. 

Reitpferd Riding horse. 

Sattelpferd Saddle horse (also near horpe). 

Saumpferd Pack horse. 

Stangenpferd Wheel horse. 

Vorderpferd Lead horse. 

Vorratspferd Spare horse. 

Zugpferd Draft horse. 

Pferdearzneikasten Veterinary chest. 

Pferdeaushebungskommissar... Horse requisitioning authority. 



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GBItlUH mUT^lET TEBMS ANB ABBBBTI4TXQm. 107 

Pferdebahn (40 cm. gauge) trench tramway (ani- 
mal traction). 

Pferdebestand Stock of horses. 

Pferdedejwt Remoimt dejwt. 

Pferdepflege Horiemastership. 

Pferdeschutz Horse respirator (gaa). 

Pferdestall Stable (for horses). 

Pferdetranken Watering horses. 

Pferdewarter Groom. 

Pferdezucht Horse breeding. 

Pflichtvergessener Defaulter. 

Pflock Peg, stake, picket. 

Pflugschar Plowshare. 

Pfoeten Post, picket. 

Phosgengas Phosgene gas. 

Phosphor Phosphorus. 

Photogrammetertrupp Photographic survey section. 

Picke Pick, pickaxe. 

Pickelhaube Spiked helmet. 

Pickeln To work with pickaxes. 

Pilot Pilot (aviation). 

Pinne Pivot. 

Pionier Pioneer, engineer. 

Pionier-Abteilung Pioneer detachment. 

Pionier-Belagerungs-Train . Pioneer siege train. 

Pioniergerat Pioneers* tools. 

Pionier-Hauptdepot Pioneer main depot. 

Pionier-Komi)agnie Pioneer company. 

Pionier-Korps The corps of pioneers. 

Pionierstand Pioneer dug-out. 

Pistole Pistol . 

Gesicherte Pistole Pistol at safety. 

Selbstladepistole Automatic pistol. 

Pistolentasche Pouch. 

Plankler Skirmisher . 

Planlosigkeit Want of method. 

Planmaasig Methodical, according to plan. 

Planmaterial Topographical information) maps. 

Planpause Tracing of a map. 

Planquadrat Map square or coordinate (o^ iquared 

map). 
Planschiessen Shooting by the map (artillery). 



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108 GEBKAN XILITAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEYIATIONS. 

Planwagen Ladder-eided wagon. 

Platte Plate, platform. 

Platzen To burst (of shrapnel). 

Platzpatrone Blank cartridge. 

Plombe Lead seal (e. g., of gae mask drum). 

Polster Cushion. 

Pontonbr Acke Pontoon bridge. 

Pontonwagen Pontoon wagon. 

Portepee Officer's sword-knot, worn also by 

certain ranks (see below). 

Portepeetriiger A rank which includes "Offizier- 

Stellvertreter," **Feldwebel," 
"Vizefeldwebel," and some offi- 
cials. 

Portion Ration for a man (as opposed to 

** Ration" or forage ration). 

Eiseme Portion Iron ration. 

Kriegs-Portion Field service ration. 

Laufende Portion Ordinary ration. 

Posten .Sentry. 

Patrouillierende Posten. . .Visiting patrols. 

Posten abldsen To relieve sentries. 

Posten au&tellen To post a sentry. 

Posten stehen To be on sentry duty. 

Postenfeuer. w Infantry fire. 

Postenhund Sentry dog. 

Postenschtlsse Infantry fire. 

Postenstand Sentry post. 

Postieren (sich) To take up one's stand. 

Postierung Sentry. 

Post-Pferde und Wagen-Depot.Post office horse and van depot. 

Poststempel Postmark. 

Postwagen Postal van. 

Postzeichen Postmark. 

Prallschuss Ricochet. 

PrSsentiert das Gewehrl Present arms! 

Prfisenzstarke .• (See " FriedensprSsenzstarke.") 

Prazisionsschiessen Extremely accurate shooting. 

Prilzisionstelephon Detectophone. 

Preisgeben To abandon, give up. 

Pressfutter Compressed forage. 

Pressluftanlagen Air compressors. 

Pressluf tminenwerfer Pneumatic Minenwerfer. 



Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



GE&HAK HHJTAEY TEEMS AND ABB&EVIATIONS. 109 

Priester-Granate Priester bomb (fired from a "slick *' 

bomb thrower). 

Priester (Werfer) Priester bomb thrower. 

Pritsche Bed (of boards). 

Probe Test. 

Auf die Probe stellen To test. 

Probealarm Practice alarm. 

Probeschuss Trial shot. 

Profil Profile . 

Progressivdrall Increasing twist. 

Protze Limber. 

Protzachse Limber axle. 

Protzhaken Limber hook. 

Protzkasten Limber box. 

Protzpse Trail eye. 

Proviantamt Supply office or depot. 

Proviantkolonne Supply column. 

Proviantlager Supply depot. 

Proviantmeister Director of a supply depot. 

Prufung Test, examination. 

Priigel Stick; also used for code or cipher 

key. 

Pulswarmer Wristlet. 

Pulver Powder (usually black powder). 

Rauchloses Pulver 1^ , , , 

T» 1-1- I. T> 1 >Smokeles5 powder. 
Rauchschwaches Pulver . J '^ 

Schwarzpulver Black powder. 

Pulverfabrik Powder factory. 

Pulverladung Charge of black powder. 

Pulversatz Powder train. 

Pulvertreibladimg Propelling charge of black powder. 

Pumpe Pump. 

Punkt Point, full stop. 

Punkt (im Gelande) Topographical feature. 

0-Punkt Aiming jwint. 

Punktnetz Skeleton (triangulation). 

Punktschiessen Fire directed on a single point. 

Puppen Dummies. 

Putzen To clean, groom. 

Putzlappen Cleaning rags. 

Putzwerg Tow for cleaning, waste. 

Putzzeug Cleaning materials. 



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Q. 

Quadrat Square (on squared map). 

Quadratmeter Square meter. 

Quadratnetz Square (on squared map). 

Quartier Billet, quarters. 

Quartiermacher Officer or N. C. 0. in charge of billet- 
ing party. 

Quartiermeister Quartermaster. 

Quartierwechsel Change of billeting area or quarters. 

Quartierwirt Inhabitant on whom troops are 

billeted. 

Quartierzettel Billeting paper. 

Quaste Tassel. 

Quellbrunnen -Fountain, well, spring. 

Quellenmassig On good authority, authentic. 

Quellgrund Ground full of springs, quagmire. 

Qaer Oblique, across. 

Quer ab Abreast of. 

Querbalken Bar, cross beam. 

Querbolzen Cross bolt. 

Querhindemis Obstacle perpendicular to the front. 

Querschnitt Profile or section (e. g., of trench). 

QuerstoUen Transverse gallery (mining). 

Querstrasse Cross road. 

Quetsche Tool for crushing or squei^zing. 

Quetschen To blow in (mining). 

Quetschladung ] 

Quetschmine iCamouflet. 

. Quetschung J 

110 



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Rabatte Plastron (lancers) . 

Radau Row, noise, shouting (colloquial). 

Badfahrer Cyclist. 

Radfahrerbataillon Cyclist battalion. 

Radfahrerkompagnie Cyclist company. 

Rahmen Frame, case. 

Rahmenmaske Frame mask (gas mask, with special 

type of edging). 

Rakete Rocket. 

Rampe Ramp, slope. 

Kopframpe End-loading ramp. 

Notrampe Extemporized ramp. 

Seitenrampe Side-loading ramp. 

Rand Edge, rim or lip (of crater). 

Rang Rank, grade. 

Rangabzeichen Badges of rank. 

Rangieren To shunt (railway). 

Rangliste Army list. 

Rangstufen Degrees of rank, grades. 

Rasen Sods, turf. 

Rasenabdeckimg \^ i- j 

T, , 1 J^ Layer of sods. 

Rasenplacke j "^ 

RasenstUck Sod. 

Rast Halt, rest, stay. 

Rat Councillor ; advice, council . 

Ration Forage ration (as opposed to "Por- 
tion," or ration for man). 

Rations-Satze Scale of rations. 

Raubzug Marauding raid. 

RauchloB Smokeless (powder). 

Rauchrakete Smoke rocket. 

Rauchschleier Smoke cloud or screen. 

Rauchschwach Smokeless (powder). 

Raum Space, frontage, room. 

Rauchschwaden Smoke clouds. 

Raude Mange. 

Ill 



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112 GE&MAN MILITA&Y TEEMS AND ABBEEYIATIONS. 

RamneD To evacuate. 

Rauml5£fel Scoop, scraper (mining). 

Raumung Evacuation. 

Rechnungsfehler Miscalculation. 

Rechts um kehrt ! About turn I 

Rechts um ! Right turn ! 

Rechtwinkliger Trichter Two-lined crater (mining). 

Rege Lively, active. 

Regeln To regulate, control. 

Regiment Regiment. 

Regimen tsbagage Regimental transport. 

Regimentsgefechtsstand Regimental battle H. Q. 
(Stelle). 

Regimentskommandeur Regimental commander. 

Regimentsstab Regimental staff. 

Regimen tsstapelplatz Regimental dump. 

Regimentstambour Regimental drummer. 

Reglement Regulations, textbook, manual. 

Regler Corrector. 

Reglerkorrektur Correction. 

Reibsatz Fulminate. 

Reibztinder Friction lighter. 

Reibziindschraube Friction tube. 

Reichweite Range. 

Reih und Glied Rank and file. 

Reihen (in) In file. 

Reihenfolge Order of succession. 

Reihenkolonne (in) In file. 

Reisegebtihmisse I .„ , . 

Reisekosten JTravelmg aUowance. 

Reisemarsch March route. 

Reisequartier March billet. 

Reisigb iindel Brushwood, fascine, fagot. 

Reissleine Lanyard. 

Reitende Artillerie Horse artillery. 

Reitende Batterie Horse artillery battery. 

Reitendes-Feldjager-Korps King's messengers. 

Reiter Trooper, horseman. 

Schwerer Reiter Trooper (of heavy cavalry). 

Reiter-Regiment, Schweres Not translated; heavy cavalry regi- 
ment (Bavarian or Saxon). 
Reithose Pantaloons. 



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GEBltAK XILITABY TEBXS AHB ABBEEYIATIONS. 118 

Reitpferd Riding horse. 

Reitzeug Saddle and bridle. 

Reizgeschoss Gas shell, tear shell, lachrymatory 

shell. 

Reizpatrone Gas cartridge (for testing gas masks). 

Reizraum Gas chamber (a room for testing gas 

masks). 

Reizstoff Irritant substance (lachrymator). 

Reklamiert Exempted, "combed. '* 

Rekrutendepot Recruit depot. 

Relais Chain of men. 

Relaisposten Relay posts. 

Relaisverbindung Connecting files. 

Remontedepot Remount depot. 

Remontewesen Remount service. 

Repartieren To distribute. 

Reserve Reserve. 

Revier Barrack room (sometimes medical 

inspection room). 

Revier bekommen To be put on the sick list. 

Revierkranken Men who are sick (light duty). 

Revlerkrankenstube Regimental sick and inspection 

room. 

Revolver Revolver. 

Revolverkanone Revolver-gun. 

Revolverkanonen-Abteilung .. Revolver-gun detachment. 

Revolvertrommel Cylinder of revolver. 

Richtbaum Traversing lever (on trail). 

Richtbogen Clinometer. 

Riehten To lay (a gun). 

Richtflache Clinometer plane. 

Richthebel Elevating lever. 

Richtkanonier Gun layer. 

Richtkreis Director (gunnery). 

Richtkreisdiopter * * Flash spotter. ' ' 

Richtkreiskorrektur Corrections for displacement (gun- 
nery). 

Richtkreiszahlen * * Director " readings. 

Richtlatte Aiming post. 

Richtmaschine Elevating or traversing handwheel , 

Richtschraube Elevating screw. 

1710G— 17 8 



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114 aEBXAV mUTABY TEBIU AND ABBEEVIATI0N8. 

Richtstabchen Aiming post. 

Eiegel Bolt (on door, etc.); switch trench. 

Riegelgraben Switch trench. 

Riegelstellung '. Switch line. 

Eiemen .Strap, sling (of rifle). 

Ringel Loop, coil. 

Kingkanone (R. K.) Gun with chase rings. 

Ringkragen Gorget. 

Ringscheibe Ring target (bulPs-eye taiget with 

rings). 

Rinne Gutter (of trench). 

Rittmeister Captain (of cavalry or train). 

Rock Coat, jacket. 

Waffenrock Tunic, field service jacket. 

Rodelung Rack-lashing (bridging). 

Rohr Bore; gun (artillery). 

Rohrbremse Buffer. 

Rohrdetonierer Burst in the bore. 

Rohrenleitung Pipe line. 

Rohrhalter Breech lug. 

Rohrjacke Jacket. 

Rohrkrepierer Burst in the bore. 

Rohrmundung Muzzle. 

Rohrriicklauf Gun recoil. 

Rohrrucklaufgeschiitz Gun which recoils in its carriage. 

Rohrwand Bore. 

Rohrwagen Traveling carriage (for 21 cm. mor- 
tar). 

Rohrwiege Cradle. 

Rohrzerscheller I . , , 

Rohrzerepringer T""* '"^ ^^ ^^- 

Rollbahn Trench tramway (50 cm. gauge). 

Rolle Roll; pulley; rdle. 

RoUwagen Lorry (fortress searchlight section). 

Ronde ''Rounds." 

Ronde-Offizier Officer of the rounds. 

Rossarzt Veterinary surgeon. 

Rost Trench boarding, "duck boards"; 

gridiron, grate. 

Rosten To roast. 

Rosten To rust. 

Rote Kreuz, Das The Red Cross. 



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OEBMAN MIUTAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 116 

Rotte File. 

Blinde Rotte Blank file. 

Gerade Rotten : Even files. 

Ungerade Rotten Odd files. 

Rotz Glanders. 

Rucken To march, move; also back, rear. 

Ruckenfeuer Reverse fire. 

Ruckenwehr Parados. 

Ruckfahrt Return journey. 

Riickleitung Return (of electric circuit). 

Rttckmarsch March back, return march. 

Riickmeldung Reply. 

Riickschlag Defeat, reverse. 

Riickstand Residue. 

Riickstoss Repulse, recoil. 

Riickwartig Behind the lines, rearward, back, 

rear, retired. 

Ruckwarts Backwards, to the rear. 

Ruckzug Retreat, retirement. 

Ruder Oar. 

Steuerruder Rudder. 

Ruf Shout, call, hail, cry; reputation, 

repute. 

Rufzeichen Call signal (wireless) . 

Ruhe Rest, calm, quiet. 

Ruhebatallion Battalion resting. 

Ruhelager Rest camp. 

Ruhequartier Rest billets. 

Ruhiges Feuer Deliberate fire (artillery) . 

Ruhren To move . 

Ruhrt Euch! Stand (or march) at ease! 

Rundballon Spherical balloon. 

Rundbild Panorama. 

Rundblickfemrohr Panorama sight. 

Runde ** Rounds." 

Russenwache Guard for Russian prisoners of war. 

Riisten To prepare, equip, arm. 

Rutflchbahn Inclined plane for sliding material 

down, haulage apparatus (min- 
ing). 

Rutschung Falling away of earth (e. g., in a 

trench). 



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s. 

Sabel Saber (mounted troops). 

Sabelgriff Sword grip. 

SabelkliDge Sword blade. 

Sabelkoppel Sword belt. 

S&belsclilaufe .Frog (of a bayonet, etc.). 

Sabeltafiche Sabretasche. 

Sabeltroddel Bayonet knot. 

Sackgraben Block trench. 

Sage Saw, saw edge (of bayonet). 

Sagewerk Sawmill. 

Salve Salvo (artillery), volley (rifle). 

Salve abgeben To fire a volley or salvo. 

Salzdecke (contraction for 

* * Schutzsalzdecke " ) Antigas cover. 

Salzsaure Hydrochloric acid. 

Sammelkompagnie Salvage company. 

Sammelnl The "assembly" (infantry). 

Sammeln To collect, rally, gather. 

Sammelort Dump . 

Sammelplatz Place of assembly, collecting station. 

Sammel-Sanit&ts-Depot Medical stores collecting station. 

Sammelstation | ^ „ ^ ^ ^. 

c , . „ > Collecting station. 

Sammelstelle J ^^ 

Sandgrube Sand pit. 

Sandsack Sandbag. 

Sandsackunterlage A pedestal built up of sandbags. 

Sandschutzbrillen Sand goggles. 

Sanitatsdienst Army medical service. 

Sanitatsinspektion Medical inspection . 

Sanitatskasten Medical chest. 

Sanitatskompagnie ..Bearer company, medical company. 

Sanitatskorps Medical corps. 

Sanitats-Kraftwagen-Kolonne. .Motor ambulance convoy. 

Sanitatsmannschaften Medical orderlies. 

Sanitats-Offizier Medical officer. 

Sanitats-Offizierdiensttuer Retired medical officer holding ap- 
pointment. 
116 



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OEBICAV milTAKY TEBXS AND ABBKSVIATIONS. 117 

SanitHtspersonal Medical personnel. 

Sanitatfisoldat Hospital orderly. 

Sanitatsstaffel Bearer detachment. 

Sanitatstasche Medical wallet. 

Sanitatstomister Medical knapsack. 

Sanitatsnnterstand Field dressing station in a dugout, 

medical dugout. 

Sanitatsverbandzeug Bandage, field dressing. 

Sanitatsvorratwagen Medical store wagon. 

Sanitatswagen Ambulance wagon. 

Sanit&tswesen Medical service. 

Sappe Sap. 

Sappenkopf Saphead. 

Sappenposten .Listening post in sap. 

Sappenspitz Saphead. 

Sattel Saddle. 

Sattelbaum Saddle tree. 

Satteldecke Saddle cloth. 

Sattelgurt Girth. 

Sattelknopf Pommel. 

Sattelpferd Riding horse (also near horse). 

Sattelseite Near side. 

Satteltasche Saddlebag. 

Sattelzeug Saddlery. 

Sattler Saddler, 

Satz Jump, bound; ingredients, compo- 
sition (e. g., "Zttndsatz" or de- 
tonating composition): sentence 
(grammatical). 

Sauberung Clearing (of trenches, etc.). 

Sauerstoff Oxygen. 

Sauerstoff einatmimgsgerat Oxygen breathing (inhalation) 

apparatus. 

Schablonieren To stencil. 

Schacht Shaft (mining). 

Schachtel Packet (e. g., of cartridges; 3 clips 

of 5). 

Schaffen To create, construct, arrange; to 

do, convey. 
Nach vome schaffen To carry to the front. 

Schall Soimd. 

Schallmesstrupp Sound ranging section. 



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118 OEBXAV laUTAET TSBMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 

SchaUmesszentrale Sound ranging central station. 

Schallquelle Source of sound. 

Schalhichten Sound ranging. 

SchalMgnal Sound signal. 

Schallwellen Sound waves. 

Schaltbrett Electrical switchboard. 

Schalter Switch. 

Ausschalten To switch off. 

Einschalten To switch on. 

Schalthebel Switch. 

Schandeck Gunwale (pontoon). 

Schanzarbeiten Entrenching works. 

Schanzbataillon Entrenchii^ battalion. 

Schanze A field work. 

Schanzen To dig, entrench. 

Schanzgerate Entrenching tools. 

Schanzkorb Gabion. 

Schanzkorbbrficke Gabion bridge. 

Schanztatigkeit Trenchwork, entrenching. 

Schanz- und Werkzeugwagen.. Entrenching and tool wagon 

(pioneers). 

Schanzzeug Entrenching tools. 

Schanzzeugwagen Entrenching- tool wagon (infantry). 

Schapska See "Tschapka.'* 

Scharf Sharp; "live" (of a grenade, etc.). 

Handgranatescharf machen.To insert a detonator in a grenade. 

Scharfpatrone Ball cartridge. 

Scharfschiessen To fire with ball ammunition. 

Scharfschiesser Sniper. 

Scharf schiitze Marksmaa, sniper. 

Scharfschiitzenfeuer Independent fire. 

Scharfschiitzen-Trupp (M. G.). Machine-gun marksman section. 

ScharmUtzel Skirmish. 

Scharpe Officer's sash. 

Scharte Fissure, gap; loophole,, embrasure. 

Schartenklappe Loophole shutter (of infantry shield). 

Schartenplatte Loophole shutter. 

Schartenschlitz Loophole. 

Schartensohle Lower edge of loophole. 

Schartenweite Width of loophole. 

Schattenwirkimg Shadow effect. 

Schatzen To judge (distance), estimate, value. 



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GERMAN milTAKY TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 119 

Schaufel Shovel. 

Scheibe Target. 

Bnistscheibe Head and shoulders target. 

FiguTscheibe Figure target. 

Kniescheibe Kneeling figure target. 

Kopfscheibe Head target. 

Ringscheibe Ring target (buirs-eye target with 

rings). 

Scheide Scabbard. 

Scheinangriff Feint attack. 

Scheinanlage Dummy trench or defensive work. 

Scheinbatterie Dummy battery. 

Scheinbeobachter Dummy observer. 

Scheinflankierung Dummy flanking position. 

Scheingefecht Sham fight. 

Scheinschulterwehr Dummy traverse. 

Scheinstellung Dummy position. 

Scheinuntemehmung Feint attack . 

Scheinwerfer Searchlight. 

Scheinwerferzug Searchlight section. 

Scherenfemrohr Stereo - telescope, * * scissors " tele- 
scope. 

Halbschere The half scissors (represents half the 

** scissors" telescope). 
Schicht Shift (mining, etc.); course, layer. 

Schutzschicht Protecting course (roof of dugout, 

etc.). 

Schichtlinie Contour. 

Schiebbahn Trolley line. 

Schiebkarren Wheelbarrow. 

Schiebwagen Hand trolley. 

Schiedsrichter Umpire. 

Schiene Rail (railway). 

Schienendecke Layer of rails. 

Schiessanweisung Instructions for gunnery or musketry. 

Schiessbaumwolle Guncotton. 

Schiessbeispiel Example of ranging. 

Schiessbuch .Book containing record of the marks- 
manship of an individual soldier. 

Schiessdienst Musketry duty. 

Schiessen (beginnen, das) To open fire. 

Schiessfrei Out of range. 



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180 OEBICAV MIUTAEY TEAMS AND ABBEEYIATIONS. 

Schiessgertist Stand (for machine gun, etc.). - 

Schiesslistenbuch Register of firing of a battery. 

Schiessplatz Artillery range. 

Schiessecharte \ 

ScMessschUtz /Loophole. 

Schiegsschule School of Musketry. 

Schiessschule (Artillerie) School of gunnery. 

Schiessstand Rifle range. 

Schiesstafel. Range table. 

Schiessiibung (jahrliche) Annual musketry course. 

Schieesverfahren Fire procedure, fire tactics. 

Schiessverhau Barricade or abatis of trees. 

Schiessvorschrift Regulations for gunnery or musketry. 

Schiessweite (in) Within range. 

Schiffbrucke Bridge of boats. 

Schild Shield. 

Schildbatterie Shielded battery. 

Schildwache Sentry. 

Schild wache aufstellen To post a sentry. 

Schirmlafette Overhead shield (of gim). 

Schirmmiitze Peaked cap. 

Schirren To harness. 

Schirrmeister Storekeeper (N .CO.). 

Schlacht Battle . 

Schlachterei ; Butchery. 

Schlachtergerate Butcher's implements. 

Schlachtlinie Line of battle. 

Schlagbolzen Striker (e. g., in a breech mechan- 
ism). 

Schlagen To srike, beat, defeat; throw (a 

bridge); to submit (proposals). 

Schlagfeder Striker spring. 

Schlagrohr Friction tube, friction igniter. 

Schlagwort Code word. 

Schlagztinder Percussion fuze. j 

Schlangenlinie Line with zigzag trace. 

Schlappe Reverse. 

Schlauch Tube, hose. 

Schleichen To crawl, creep. 

Schleichpatrouille Reconnoitering patrol. 

Schleier Screen (e. g., cavalry, smoke, etc.) . 



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OEEHAK XHJTAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEYIATIONS. 181 

Schleiflatte \_ , , . ^ , , ^ , 

Schleifleisten JRubbing strakes (pontoon). 

Schlepparbeit Haulage work. 

Schleppen To haul, tow. 

Schleppschacht Inclined gallery (mining). 

Schlepptau Tow rope. 

Schlepptrupp Hauling gang (mining). 

Schleudergestell Catapult. 

Schleudem To throw by means of a catapult. 

Schleuse Sluice, lock. 

Schlinge Sling, noose, trap. 

Schlitten Sledge (e. g., of a machine gun). 

Schlitz Slit, notch. 

Schloss Lock (e,g.,of door, rifle, etc.); castle. 

Schlosschen Cocking piece. 

SchloB^arde-Kompagnie Castle Guard. 

Schlossschlitzer Lock shield or protector. 

Schlossteile Breech mechanism. 

Schlucht Ravine. 

Schl tassel Key or spanner. 

Schmal Narrow. 

Schmalspurbahn Narrow gauge railway. 

Schmiedewagen Forge wagon. 

gchmieren To grease. 

Schnalle Buckle . 

Schnallen To buckle, strap. 

Schneid Dash, smartness, spirit, energy. 

Schneide Edge (of a sword, etc.). 

Schneiden To cut; to take bearings (e. g., in 

survey work). 

Schneider Tailor. 

Schneidig Sharp, smart, energetic, vigorous. 

Schnelldraht I Portable wire entanglement; con- 

Schnelldrahthindemis ) certina wire entanglement. 

Schnellfeuer Rapid fire . 

Schnellfeuergeschtitz Quick firing gun. 

Schnellhindemis Ready-made obstacle, emergency 

obstacle. 

Schnelltelegraph Mechanical telegraph . 

Schnellztodschnur Instantaneous fuze. 

Schnitt Intersection, bearing. 

Sdmurbesatz Braid on hussar's tunic. 



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182 GERMAN MILITARY TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 

Schnurleine Small laahing. 

Schnttrechuhe Ankle boots, lace boots. 

Schonen To spare, preserve. 

Schonungsbedtirftige Men who, it is considered, eboiild not 

be employed in frout line for 
various reasons, e. g., health, 
family reasons, etc. 

Schoss Skirt (of a tunic). 

Schotter Road metal, ballast, broken stones. 

Schraffieren To hatch, hachure (on a sketch) . 

Schragfeuer Oblique fire, flanking fire. 

Schrapnell Shrapnel. 

Schraubanker Screw anchor bolt (for obstacles) . 

Schraubenmutter Nut (screw-threaded). 

Schraubenschlttssel Screw driver, spanner. 

Schraubenzieher Screw driver. 

Schraubpfahl Screw post (for wire entanglement). 

Schreiber Clerk. 

Schreibstube Orderly room, office. 

Schritt Pace. 

Schuh Shoe, boot . 

Schulschiessen Preliminary practices (musketry, 

etc.). 

Schulterklappe Shoulder strap. 

Schulterschnur Shoulder cord . 

Schulterwehr Traverse. 

Schuppe (or Schuppen) Shed, hangar. 

Schurzholz Casing as opposed to "Oetriebholz,** 

frame and sheeting or lagging 
(trenches and mining). 

Schurzholznest Shelter. 

Schuss Shot, "round," /'rounds." 

Bogenschuss High angle fire. 

Vereinzelte Schtisse Desultory fire . 

Schuss! Fire! 

Schuss lag wait "Over " ] 

Schuss lag kurz "Short" (^^/^'^\^ 

Schuss lag gut im Ziel "Hit" J^^ ^^^S)* 

Schussbereit Ready to fire. 

Schussbeschadigung Damage caused by gunfire. 

Schussfeld Field of fire. 

Schussrichtung Line of fire. 



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OERMAir MIUTABY TS1.X8 ANP ABBKEYIATIONS. 128 

Schusseicher Shell-proof (against continuous bom- 
bardment by 6-inch guns) (some- 
times * * bullet-proof " ) . 

Schusstafel Range table. 

Schussweite Range. 

Wirksame Schussweite Effective range . 

Schusszahl Number of rounds. 

Schtitten To heap up, dam. 

Schutz Protection, cover. 

Schutzbrille Smoked spectacles, gog^es. 

Schutze, Rifleman, sniper, marksman, private 

(in all machine-gun units and in 
* * Sch iitzen " battalions) . 

Schiitzenabzeichen Marksman's badge. 

Schtitzenauftritt , Ip. 

Schutzenbank J ^' 

Sch utzenfeuer, langsames Deliberate fire . 

Schiitzengefecht , Skirmish. 

Schiitzengraben Fire trench. 

V 6 1 1 i g eingeschnittener 

Schiitzengraben Trench without parapet. 

Geschlossene Schiitzen- 
graben Closed works . 

Schiitzengraben - Kanonen-Ab- 
teilimg Trench-gun detachment. 

Schiitzenhohle Dug-out. 

SchUtzenlinie Skirmishing line, extended order. 

Schiitzenloch Rifle pit. 

Schiitzennester Rifle pits. 

Schiitzennische i . . Recess (in parapet). 

Schiitzenschleier Covering party. 

Schiitzenstand Rifle range. 

Schutzgerat Defensive appliances. 

Schutzmaske Antigas mask. 

Schutzsalz Protective salts (antigas). 

Schutzsalzdecke Antigas cover. 

Schutzsalzlosung Protective salts solution (antigas). 

Schutzschicht Protecting course (e. g., in roof of 

dug-out). 

Schutzschild Armored shield. 

Schutzstaffel Protective flight (aviation unit). 

Schutztruppen The protectorate troops (colonies). 



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124 OEBICAV mUTAKY TEKKS AND ABBKEVIATIONS. 

Schwalbennester Bandsman's epaulettes. 

Schwanken , To fluctuate, vary; to reel. 

Schwanz (Lafettenschwanz) . . .Trail. 

SchwSrmen To extend (line of skirmishers). 

Schwebebahn Suspension railway. 

Schwefelkohlenstoff Carbon disulphide (gas). 

Schwelle Threshold, sill; sleeper (railway). 

Schwenken To wheel. 

Schwenkungswinkel Arc of traverse. 

Schwere Artillerie des Feld- 
heeres Heavy artillery of the field army. 

Schwere (leichte) Feldhaubitz- 
batterie Heavy (light) field howitzer battery. 

Schwere Kolonnen-Brticke Heavy bridge for all arms. 

Schwerer Reiter Trooper (of heavy cavalry) . 

Schwerer Rheinbriickentrain. .Heavy Rhine bridging train. 

Schweres Reiter-Regiment Not translated; heavy cavalry regi- 
ment (Bavarian or Saxon). 

Seebataillon Marine infantry battalion (peace) . 

Seeflieger-Abteilung Naval air (hydroplane) squadron. 

Seele Soul; bore (of agun, etc.). 

Seelendurchmesser L, ,., 

Seelenweite I 

Seewehr **Seewehr " or naval reserve (corres- 
ponds to * * Landwehr " ) . 

Segeltuchtasche Canvas wallet. 

Sehschlitz Observation loophole (e. g., in a 

shield). 

Seitenabstand Displacement (gunnery) . 

Seitenabweichung Error in direction (gunnery) . 

Seitendeckung Flank guard. 

Seitengewehr Side arm, bayonet 

Seitenrampe Side-loading ramp. 

Seitenrichtmaschine Traversing gear. 

Seitenschlag Branch gallery (mining). 

Seitenstiick Stanchion of a frame (mining). 

Seitenstreuung Lateral error (in the shooting of a 

gun). 

Seitenverschiebung Displacement (artillery) . 

Seitliche Wirkung Lateral effect. 

Sektion Section. 

Selbstandig Independent, self reliant. 



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GEBHAK MILITAKY TEBXS AND ABBEEVIATI0H8. 125 

Selbstlader Automatic (pistol). 

Selbstretter Life-saving apparatus, similar to 

** Salvo Set"; oxygen breathing 

apparatus. 

Senkloch Drain. 

Senkrecht Vertical, perpendicular. 

Senkschacht Vertical shaft. 

Senkung Depression. 

Sergeant Sergeant (rarely used). 

Sergeantenknopf Button (large) worn on collar a? 

badge of rank for sergeant-majors, 

etc. 

Setzwage Field level (mining). 

Seuchenlazarett Hospital for infectious diseases. 

Sichergestellimg Detailing (of a man) . 

Sicherheitsbesatzimg Emergency garrison. 

Sicherheitsdienst Service of protection. 

Sichem, sicherstellen To cover, protect; place at "safe " (of 

a rifle). 
Sicherung Protection, covering party; safety 

catch (on rifle). 

Sicherungsband Safety band (of a grenade) . 

Sicherungsfeder Safety spring. 

Sichenmgsflttgel Protective flank. 

Sicherungslinie Switch line. 

Sichenmgsriegel Switch trench. 

Sieb Gauze. 

Siebseite Gauze side (of gas-mask drum). 

Siegen To be victorious. 

Signalapparat Signaling apparatus. 

Signalpatrone Light-signal cartridge. 

Signaltrupp Signaling tro0p (cavalry). 

Signatur ^ Conventional sign (topog.). 

Sitz Seat. 

Sitzstufe Step (of trench). 

Skizze Sketch. 

s^SenwteV.y.;!!^*;;;;^ 

Sohle Sole (of trench, etc.). 

Soldat Soldier, private. 

Soldbuch Pay book. 

Sollstand und Iststand Establishment and strength. 



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188 OERKAN MILITARY TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 

Sonderleitimg Special circuit. 

Sondiemadel Iron rod, 3 feet long, used when 

searching for land mines. 

Spaher Scout. 

Spahtrupps Special reporting detachments. 

Spalte Split, crack; column (of a tabular 

statement). 

Spanische Reiter * * Knife rests " (wire entanglement) . 

Spannen To stretch, strain, bridge; to cock (a 

rifle). 

Spannung Tension, strain, anxiety, suspense . 

Spanntau. Span lashing (bridging). 

Spannweite Span (bridging). 

Spaten Spade. 

Speifletrager ** Food carrier." 

Sperre Barricade, block. 

Sperrfall Case calling for barrage fire. 

Sperrfeuer Barrage, barrage fire, curtain fire. 

Sperrfeuer anfordem .To request barrage fire. 

Sperrfeuer ausf tkhren To form a bcurage. 

Sperrfeuer auslosen To employ barrage fire, form a bar- 
rage, open barrage fire. 

Sperrfeuer einsetzen To begin, open barrage fire. 

Sperrfeuer einstellen To cease barrage fire. 

Sperrfeuer verstarken To intensify barrage fire. 

Sperrfeuerposten Barrage sentry. ♦ 

Sperrfeuerraume Barrage areas. 

Sperrfeuersignal Signal for barrage fire. 

Sperrfeuerskizze Barrage sketch plan (sketch showing 

the arrangements ior barrage fire). 

Sperrfeuerstreifen Barrage zone. 

Sperrtrupp Blocking party. 

Sperrung Barricade, blocking. 

Spiegel Mirror, sometimes periscope; bull's- 
eye. 

Spiegelapparat Periscope. 

Spielmann Bandsman, musician . 

Spielleute Bandsmen. 

Spindel Pinion. 

Spion Spy. 

Spionage-Dienst Espionage service. 



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GEBICAV lOLITAEY TEBKS AND ABBEEVIATI0N8. 187 

Spitze Face, head of a gallery (mining); 

point (cavalry); spike (of hel- 
met). 

Spitzenfahrer Lead driver (artillery). 

Spitzenkompagnie Point company. 

Splitter Splinter. 

Splitterdcher Splinter-proof. 

Splitterwirkung Splinter effect, fragmentation. 

Splitzmaschine Cutting machine. 

Spom Spur; spade (on trail of gun). 

Spornradchen Rowel (of spur). 

Sprachrohr Speaking tube. 

Sprechtrichter Mouthpiece of transmitter (tele- 
phone). 

Spreize Strut (mining) . 

Sprengbuch Register of mine explosions (min- 
ing). 

Sprengen To blow up, fire, charge, to "blow" 

(mining). 

Sprengfertig Ready for firing (of a mine). 

Sprenggas Explosive gas. 

Sprenggehe Radius of disturbance (mining) . 

Sprenggranate High explosive (H. E.) shell. 

Sprengherde Center of disturbance caused by ex- 
plosion of a mine. 

Sprenghdhe Height of burst (of a shell). 

Sprengkammer Mine chamber. 

Sprengkapsel Detonator. 

Sprengkorper Slab of explosive. 

Sprengladung 



^ >Explosive charge. 

Sprengmasse J ^ ^ 

Sprengmine Minenwerfer H. E. shell. 

Ganze schwere Spreng- 
mine Full-sized heavy Minenwerfer H. E. 

shell. 
Halbe schwere Spreng- 
mine .Half-sized heavy Minenwerfer H. E. 

shell. 
Viertel schwere Spreng- 
mine Quarter-sized heavy Minenwerfer 

H. E. shell. 

Leichte Sprengmine Light Minenwerfer H. E. shell. 

Mittlere Sprengmine Medium Minenwerfer H. E. shell. 



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128 OERMAN MHJTABY TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 

Sprengmunition •. . .Regulation explosive. 

Sprengpatrone Explosive charge. 

Sprengpulver Blasting powder. 

Sprengpunkt Burst (of a shell). 

Sprengstoff Explosive. 

Sprengstoffgehalt Bursting charge. 

Sprengstiicke Splinters. 

Sprengtrichter Mine crater. 

Sprengung Explosion, blow. 

Sprengvorschrift Demolition manual. 

Sprengweite Zone covered by the burst of a shell. 

Sprengwirkung Explosive effect. 

Spritze Squirt, syringe; face (mining). 

Spritzweite Spraying distance, range of spray 

(of a * * Flamm enwerf er " ) . 

Springen To jump, leap, spring. 

Spruch Sentence (legal). 

Sprungweise By rushes (of an advance). 

Spule -Coil. 

Spur Track, trace. 

Spurweite Gauge (railway) . 

Stab Staff, headquarters. 

Stabsapotheker Apothecary. 

Stabsarzt Captain (medical). 

Stabshoboist Band sergeant. 

Stabshomist Sergeant bugler. 

Stabs-Nachrichten-Abteilung.. Headquarters communication seo 

tion. 

Stabsoffizier Field officer. 

Stabsquartier Headquarters. 

Stabstrompeter Sergeant trumpeter. 

Stabsveterinar Captain (veterinary). 

Stabswache Staff guard or escort. 

Stacheldraht Barbed wire. 

Staffel fichelon, wagon line (artillery). 

Staffelfdrmig aufstellen To form up in several lines. 

Staffelgebiet Back billeting area. 

Staffelstab Divisional train ^helon. 

Staffelweise In Echelon. 

Staf ette Dispatch rider. 

Stahlblech Steel plate. 

Stahlblende Steel loophole plate. 



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OERMAN MILITABY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 129 

Stahlguss Cast steel. 

Stahlhelm Steel helmet. 

Stahlrohrlanze Steel lance. 

Stahlmantel Steel jacket (of a gun). 

Staken Boat hook. 

Stalldienst Stable duty. 

Stallleine Picket line. 

StammroUe , Register of recruits, nominal roll (of 

a company, etc.). 
Stammrollenauszug Extract from the recruit register or 

nominal roll. 
StammroUenummer Serial number allotted to each man 

in a company. 

Stand Employment; state, condition, class. 

In Stand setzen To repair. 

Standgericht Regimental court-martial (R.C.M.). 

Standort Position,^ place where an individual 

or unit is quartered. 
Standortswechsel Change of position, change of garri- 
son. 

Stange Pole. 

Stangenpferd Wheel horse, wheeler. 

Stangenvisier Tangent sight. 

Stapeln To pile up, stack (shell, cartridges, 

etc.). 

Stapelplatz Depot, dump, dumping place. 

Starke Strength, forces. 

Starkeausweis Return of fighting strength. 

Starkebestand Actual strength. 

Starkeverhaltnis Comparative strength. 

Starkstrom-Abteilung Electrician detachment. 

Starkstromanlage Electric power installation. 

Stationsanruf U^^^^ ^^^ (wireless). 

StatMHwruf J ^ ^ 

Stativ Stand, tripod (for telescope or 

camera). 

Steg Footpath, footbridge. 

Stehende Heer (Das) The standing army. 

Steigbiigel Stirrup iron. 

Steigriemen Stirrup leather. 

17106—17 



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130 GEEMAK MILITAEY TEEKS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 

Steigung Gradient. 

Steilbahngeschtitz Howitzer. 

Steilfeuer High-angle fire. 

Steilfeuergeschtltz Howitzer. 

Steinbnich Quarry. 

Steinschlag Shower of stones. 

Steinschotterung Road metalling. 

Stelle Position. 

Auf der Stelle treten To mark time. 

Stellen To place; to set (a fuze). 

Zur Verftigung stellen To place at disposal. 

Stellmacher Wheeler. 

Stellmacherkasten Box of wheeler's tools. 

Stellring Setting ring (on time fuze). 

Stellschltissel Fuze key. 

Stellung Position; line; emplacement; 

trenches. 

Erste, zweite Stellung First, second line position. 

Verdeckte Stellung Covered position. 

Zwischenstellung Intermediate position. 

Stellungsbau Field fortification, construction of 

defenses. 

Stellungsktopfe. W^^^j^ ^^^^ 

Stellungskneg J 

Stellungswechsel Change of position (e. g., of a battery). 

Stellvertretend (-er, -e, -es) Acting or deputy. 

Stellvertretender Chef des Gen- 

eralstabes Acting chief of the general staff (in 

Germany during war). 
Stellvertretendes General- 

Kommando Headquarters of army corps district 

(in Germany during war). 

Stempel Stamp; strut, prop. 

Stichprobe Inspection; a test made at random . 

Stichwort Code word, pass word. 

Stichworterverzeichnis Code. 

Stickoxyde Oxides of nitrogen. 

Stickstoff Nitrogen. 

Stiefelhose Pantaloons. 

Stielhandgranate Cylindrical grenade with handle. 

Still gestanden! Attention! 

Still sitzenl Attention! (cavalry). 



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OEEKAK MHITABY TEEKS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 181 

Stinkraiiiii Gas chamber (a room for testmg gas 

masks). 

Stimflchutzschild Protection plate for forehead . 

Stockung Check, block. 

Stockwerksfeuer Tiers of fire. 

Stoff Material, cloth. 

Stofl (Stabsoffizier der Flieger 
truppen) Staff officer for aviation (at army 

headquarters). 
Stollen Deep dug out; gallery (mining, etc., 

sometimes a main gallery with its 

branches). 

Abwehrstollen Defensive gallery. 

Einen Stollen bauen To mine a gallery or dug out. 

Flacher Stollen. Shallow gallery. 

Zweigstollen Branch gallery. 

Stollenbaukommando Tunneling party. 

Stollenbaukompagnie Tunneling company. 

Stollenbrust Face of a gallery (mining). 

Stolleneingang Mine shaft, shaft incline. 

StoUentreppe Shaft opening. 

Stolperdraht I 

Stolperdrahthindemis P"P ^^®- 

Stolperdrahtmine Trip-wire mine. 

Stoppelfeld Stubble field. 

Stoppuhr Stop watch. 

Stopsel Plug (telephone). 

Stopselloch Plug hole (telephone) . 

Storungstrupp Breakdown squad (telephone, etc . ) . 

Stoss Attack, raid, thrust; side wall 

(mining). 
Stossbalken Butt plate (for road bearers of 

bridge). 

Stossboden Breechblock. 

Stosssicher... Proof against shock. 

Strafen To punish. 

Eine Strafe aufheben To cancel a punishment. 

Straffeuer Retaliation fire. 

Straffheit Strictness, strict discipline. 

Strandbatterie Shore battery. 

Strassenbaukompagnie Road-making company. 

Strassenkreuzung Cross roads. 



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188 GE&IEAH XILITABY TEBM8 AKB ABBESYIATIONS. 

StrasBenqperre Barricade. 

Strauchwerk Brushwood (in revetment, etc .) . 

Strebe Strut (mining) . 

Streckbalken Road bearers (bridging). 

Strecke Stretch, length (of trench, etc.), sec- 
tion (of railway line); gallery 
(mining); bay (of pontoon bridge). 

Streckenarbeiter Plate layer. 

Streckenbau Railway construction. 

Streichen To extend; to stroke, graze; to can- 
cel. 

Streif abteilung Raiding party. 

Streifen to graze; row, band, strip, sector, 

zone, lane. 

Streifkugel Grazing bullet. 

Streifpatrouille Long-distance patrol. 

Streifschuss Graze, grazing shot. 

Streifzug Raid. 

Streue Litter. 

Streuen Searching and sweeping fire. 

Streukegel Cone of dispersion. 

Streuschiessen Searching and sweeping fire. 

Streuimg Dispersion, irregular shooting, search- 
ing and sweeping. 

Mit geringer Streuung Known to shoot accurately. 

Seitenstreuung Lateral error. 

Streuung des GeschUtzes . . £rror in shooting. 

Tiefenstreuung Error in range, searching. 

Streuungsverhaltnisse **The 50 per cent zone." 

Strich Stroke, graduation (on sight, etc.). 

Strichplatte Graticuled field (optical instru- 
ments). 

Strichschiessen Accurate shooting. 

Strickleiter Storming ladder. 

Strohkraftfutter Composite forage. 

Strohsack Paillasse. 

Strom Stream; electric current. 

Stromlauf Circuit (electric). 

Stube RocMn, barrack room. 

Stuck Piece, gun. 

Stuf e Step. 

Stumpfwinklige Trichterla- 
dung Overcharged mine (mining). 



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OEBICAN MHJTAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 183 

Sturm Assault. 

Stonn-Abteilung Assault detachment. 

Sturmabwehr Repelling an aasault. 

Stunnabwehigeschtltz Gun for repelling an assault. 

Stunn-Bataillon Assault battalion . 

Sturmgassen Passages for the assault (through 

wire, etc.). 

SturmgepUck Assault kit. 

Sturmkolonne Raiding party. 

Sturmleiter Storming ladder. 

Stunnlticke Breach. 

Sturmmarsch Quickened step for assault. 



Stunnreifmachen . . . 
Sturmreifschiessen . 



To prepare for the assault, heavy 
bombardment immediately pre- 
ceding an assault. 

Sturmsignal The "charge." 

Sturmstellung Position from which an assault is 

made. 

Sturm-Trupp Assault detachment. 

Sturmvorbereitungsfeuer . . . Preparatory bombardment. 

Sturm steht bevor Enemy about to attack. 

Zum Sturm auf Charge. 

Sturmwelle Line or wave of assault. 

Stute Mare. 

Sttitzpunkt Strong point. 

StQtzpunkthnie Line of strong points. 

Subaltem-Offiziere Subaltern officers. 

Summen To buzz. 

Summer ] 

Summerapparat [Buzzer (telegraphy). 

Summerbrett J 

Summertaster Buzzer-key. 

Sumpf Marsh; sump (mining). 

System System; face (mining). 



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T. 

Tagebau Cut and cover construction. 

Tagebuch Order book; file of orders. 

Tagesanbruch Daybreak. 

Tagesbefehl Daily orders. 

Tageseinfluss Error of the day (artillery). 

Tagesrate Ordinary daily allotment (of gun 

ammunition). 

Tagewasser Surface water. 

Taglicher Dienst Routine. 

Tambour Drummer. 

Bataillons-Tambour Battalion sergeant drummer. 

Tambourmajor Drum major. 

Tankabwehrgeschiitz Antitank gun. 

Tankstelle Petrol depot. 

Taschenmunition Small arms ammunition in pouches. 

Taster Key; feeler, anteima. 

Tatigkeit Action, activity. 

Taube Pigeon; "Taube" (a make of aero- 
plane). 

Tauschungsangriff Feint attack. 

Tauschungsfeuer ^^ . , , , 

TauBchungsflchiessen F^"'* bombaidment. 

Telle Elements, parties, details. 

Teilkartusche Cartridge with adjustable charge 

(e. g., howitzer cartridge). 

Teilkreis Graduated circle. 

Teilstrich Millieme (field artillery), or one- 
sixteenth of a degree (foot artil- 
lery). 

Teilstrichzahl Number of graduations. 

Telegraphen-Abteilung -.Telegraph detachment. 

Telegraphenstange Telegraph post. 

Telegraphentruppen Telegraph troops. 

Telegraphenwagen Telegraph wagon. 

Telephontrupp (des Regiments) Regimental telephone squad. 

134 



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GEEKAK lOLITABY TEEMS AND ASBEEVIATIONS. 185 

Tempo (Angiiffs-) Pace of the attack. 

Teppichhindemis " Carpet " entanglement. 

Termin Time at which a report, etc., should 

be handed in. 

Tiefengliederung Distribution in depth. 

Tiefenstreuung Vertical searching fire; error in range. 

Tiefenstreuverfahren Searching fire. 

Tiefgestaffelt Distributed in depth. 

T. Munition T-shell (lachrymatory gas shell). 

Titular Brevet. 

Tomister Knapsack, pack, valise. 

Tracierband Tracing tape. 

Tragbalken Transom (bridging); beam. 

Tragbar Portable. 

Trage Stretcher. 

Tragegurt Belt (for carrying an infantry shield, 

etc.). 

Tragekntippel Support. 

Trager Carrier, bearer; girder. 

Tragerkonunando ^^ . , 

iSertrupp }Carrying party. 

Tragetier Pack animal. 

Tragweite Range. 

Tranenerregend Lachrymatory. 

Tranenreiz Irritation of the eyes (caused by 

lachrymatory shells). 

Train Train (not translated). 

Traindepot Train depot. 

Trainfahrer Driver of the train. 

Trainsoldat Private of the train. 

Tranke Watering place for horses . 

Tranken To water (horses, etc.). 

Transportfahig Fit for transport, able to be evacu- 
ated (wounded). 

Transportkommando Details to accompany wounded or 

prisoners. 

Trasse Trace (e. g., of a new trench). 

Treibkraft Propelling power. 

^Treibladimg Propelling charge. 

Treibmaschine Propeller. 

Treffenweise Units one in rear of the other. 

Treffer Direct hit. 



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186 GEBMAK lOLITABY TEEMS AND ABBEE¥IATIOMS. 

Trefferbild Plotting of the fall of shots. 

Treffgenauigkeit J 7 ' \ 

Treffpunkt Point of impact. j 

Treffsicherheit Accuracy of fire. | 

Tresse Braid. 

Treten To tread. 

Tretmine .Contact mine (actuated by treading 

on it). 

Trichter Mine crater, shell hole. 

Trichterf eld Crater area. 

Trichterladung (Stumpfwin- 
kUge) Overcharged mine (mining). 

Trichterwirkung Crater effect. 

Trigonometrisch Trigonometrical, by triangulaticm. 

Trigonometrischer Punkt Trigonometrical point. 

Tritt Step. 

Trommelfeuer Intense or heavy bombardment. 

Trompeter Trumpeter. 

Tross Baggage, impedimenta (A an army. 

Trosswagen Baggage wagon. 

Triimmer Ruins, debris. 

Trupp Section, party, squad. 

Truppe Regimental officers and men (as com- 
pared with the staff). 

Truppen Troops. 

Truppenbewegimgen Troops on the move. 

Truppeneinteilung Distribution of troops, order of battle. 

Truppenfuhrer Commander. 

Truppenkette Cordon . 

Truppensammlimg Concentration of troops. 

Truppenteil Unit. 

Truppen iibungsplatz Training ground . 

Truppen verband Formation. 

Truppen verbandplatz Regimental aid post. 

Truppen verpflegung Provisioning of troops. 

Truppenverschiebungen Changes in the dispositioa of troops. 

Truppen vorgesetzte Unit commanders, commanding offi- 

cers. 

Tschako Shako. 

Tschapka Lancer cap. 

T-Trager T-girder. 



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OEEKAK MHJTAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 187 

Tuch Cloth, linen; cloth signal. 

Tuchzeichen Linen signal. 

Turin To^er, turret. 

Tunnhaubitze Howitzer in turret. 

Turmkanone Gun in turret. 

Turmlafette Turret mounting: 

Tumtibung Gymnastic exercise. 

Tufiche Indian (Chinese) ink. 

Typhus Typhoid (not typhus). 



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u. 

tJberbank feuem To fire over the parapet. 

Cberbleibsel Remainder. 

t)l[)erbrmgen To convey. 

Einen Befehl tiberbringen.To deliver an order. 

tJberbringer Carrier, bearer . 

"Oberdecknng Cover. 

tlbereinfltimmung (bringen in). To synchronize (watches); agree- 
ment, accord, unanimity. 

Uberfall Raid, surprise attack. 

tlbergabe Surrender, giving up. 

t)bergang Crossing, passage (of a river). 

tjbergangsstadium State of transition. 

tJbergangsstation Transfer station (on L. of C). 

"Obergehen To change over to (artillery fire). 

tJberlaufer Deserter. 

■Oberlegenheit ^^ . . 

tJbermacht jSupenority. 

"Obemehmen To take over (e. g., a position) . 

Das Kommando tibemeh- 
men To take command of. 

Die Verantwortung tiber- 

nehmen To assume responsibility for. 

tJberrumpeln To surprise. 

tJberrumpelung "Coup de main." 

Uberschauen To overlook, survey. 

tJberschreiten To cross, pass. 

tJberschrift Heading. 

tjberschwemniung .• Inundation. 

Ubersehen To overlook, dominate. 

tJbersicht Survey, view. 

Ubersichtlich Clear. 

tJbersichtskarte Outline map. 

tlbersichtsskizze General sketch of the neighborhood . 

tJberspringen To pass beyond. 

tjbersteigen To surmoimt, cross, exceed. 



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OE&XAH XILITABY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 189 

tJberstreicheii To pass over (of a gas cloud). 

tJbertragen To entrust, transfer. 

tjbertreten To come under (the order of). 

tjbertretung Contravention, infringement, viola- 
tion. 

tJberweisung Allotment, transfer. 

tjberwiegend Predominating. 

tJberzug Cover (of helmet, etc.). 

tjbung Training, practice, exercise. 

tibiing^ranate Practice shell. 

tJbungshandgranate * . . .Dummy hand grenade. 

Ubungsladung Practice charge. 

tJbimgsmaske Practice mask (gas). 

Ubimgsmunition Practice ammunition. 

Ubungsplatz ^ Training groimd. 

Uf erbalken Shore transom (bridging) . 

Ulan Ulan (lancer). 

Ulanen-Regiment "Ulanen" regiment (lancer regi- 
ment). 

Ulanka Lancer tunic. 

Umbau (in) In course of reconstruction. 

Umbetten To "slew " (e. g., a trench mortar). 

Umdruck Copies for distribution (orders, etc.). 

Umfassen To outflank. 

Umfassungsbewegung Outflanking movement. 

Umf iillpumpe Compression pump. 

Umgang Breeching (harness). 

Umgeandert ^^ 

Umgearbeitet : . . .jConverted. 

Umgehangt Slung. 

Umgehen To turn (a position), envelop. 

Umgehend By return. 

Umgehungsbewegung Turning movement. 

Umhang Cape. 

Umlagerung. Removal (of ammunition, etc.). 

Umlauf , in To be circulated (often found at^foot 

of orders). 

Umlaufmotor Rotary engine. 

Umquartieren To change quarters. 

Umschnallen To put on (equipment) . 

Umsicht. Caution, discretion, wariness. 

Umstand Circumstance. 



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140 GEEMAK MILITAEY TEEMS ANB ABBEEYIATI09S. 

XJmstehend As stated overleaf. 

XJmtausch Turnover (of stores). 

Unausgebildet Untrained. 

XJngezieltes Feuer Unaimed fire. 

Uniform Uniform. 

Uniform, dunkelblaue " Dark blue " uniform (as opposed to 

"field service"). 

Uniform, feldgraue Field-grey field service uniform. 

Uniform, graugrftne Grey-green field service uniform. 

Uniformsttlcke Articles of uniform . 

Unklare Elemente Suspects. 

Unschadlich machen To put out of action. 

Untauglich Unfit. 

Dauemd untauglich Permanently unfit. 

Unterabschnitt Subsector. 

Unterabschnittskommandeur . .Subsector commander. 

Unterarzt Subsurgeon (warrant officer). 

Unterbleiben To remain undone. 

Unterbringen To billet, acconmiodate, station. 

Unterbringung Billeting; storage (of anmiunition, 

etc.). 

Unterf tlhrer Subordinate commander. 

Untergebener Subordinate. 

Untergestellen Pivots. 

Untergurt Girth. 

Unterhalten To entertain; to sustain, maintain. 

Bin heftiges Feuer unter- 
halten To keep up a heavy fire. 

Unterkommandeur Subordinate commander. 

Unterkunf t Billet. 

Unterkunftslager Rest camp. 

Unterlage(n) Basis, data. 

Unterlassen Cancelling (of an attack). 

Unterliegen To succumb, suffer defeat. 

Untemehmen To undertake. 

Untemehmen 1 

Untemehmung fEnterpnse, operation. 

Unteroffizier Noncommissioned officer; also 

*'under-officer," which is a special 

rank of N. C. O. corresponding to 

OTU" corporal. 
Unterricht Instruction. 



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GEEICAN MHJTAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 141 

Untemchts- Instructional. 

Unterschlupf ^ Shelter, "funk hole," recess. 

TJiiterschrieben -. Signed. 

Unterschrift Signature. 

TJnterstand Dugout, shelter. 

Unterstandstreppe. Steps leading down to a dugout. 

TJnterstehen To be subordinate to. 

TJnterstellen To place under the orders of. 

Unterstiitzen To support. 

TJntersttitzung Support, assistance. 

Unterstiitzungsgraben Support trench. 

Zur TJntersttitzung der Pos- 

ten To reinforce the sentries. 

Untersttttzungstruppen Reinforcements. 

Untersuchen To inquire, examine, test, inspect. 

Untertreteraum Dugout. 

Unterveterinar Sub veterinary surgeon (warrant offi- 
cer). 
Unterwasserschneide-Abteil- 

ung Divers detachment. 

Urlaub Leave. 

TJrlauber Man on leave. 

Urlaubsschein Pass or furlough. 

Urlaubszug Leave train. 

Urschrift Original document. 



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V. 

Vedette Vedette . 

Ventil Valve. 

Verankening Holding down; anchorage. 

Veranlagung (kSrperliche) Physique . i 

Verantwortung Responsibility. ; 

Verastelung Shower (of sparks from rocket). | 

Verband Formation. i 

Verbandabteilung Surgical dressing detachment (of i 

I 
I 



main dressing station). 



Verbandpackchen First field dressing. 

Verbandplatz | j 

Verbandraum [Dressing station, first-aid post. 

Verbandstelle J I 

Verbandzeug Surgical bandage. I 

Verband zeugtomister Bandage case . \ 

Verbindung Communication, connection, liaison. I 

Verbindungsbahn Junction railway. | 

Verbindungsgalerie Transversal gallery (mining) . I 

Verbindungsgraben Conmiunication trench. I 

Verbindungs-Ofl&zier Liaison officer. 

VerbindungsstoUen |^ i n / • • \ ' 

Verbindun^trecke JTransvereal gallery (mming). ^ 

Verbolzen To bolt together. j 

Verbrauch Consumption, expenditure (e. g., of 

ammunition). I 

Verbringen To dispose of. i 

Verbtindeten (die) The allies. , 

Verdammen To tamp (mining). 

Verdecken To mask (fire). 

Verdienstorden Order of merit. 

Vereinbarung Cooperation, arrangement, agree- 
ment. 

Vereinslazarett Auxiliary hospital. 

Verfahren Procedure, method, system, action. 

Verfeuern To fire off. 

Verfolgen To pursue. 

142 



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GEEICAN MILITABY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 143 

Verfugbar Available. 

Verftigen fiber To have at one's disposal. 

Verf tigimgen Instaiictions. 

Zur Verf agung Available. 

Zur Verftigung stellen To place at disposal. 

Vergeltungsfeuer Retaliatory fire. 

Veigossen Grouted (with cement). 

Verhalten Behavior, action, procedure. 

Verbal tnis Circumstance, proportion, relation. 

Verhau Abatis . 

Verheeren To ravage, devastate. 

VerhSr Cross-examination. 

Verhdren To examine (prisoners). 

Verkehr Traffic . 

Verkehn^^ben Supervision or lateral communica- 
tion trench. 

Verkehrsmittel Means of transport. 

Verkehrsoffizier vom Platz Fortress communication officer. 

Verkehrstruppen Communication troops. 

Verkehrswesen Conmiunication service. 

Verkleiden To disguise, mask, to revet. 

Verkleidung Revetment. 

Verlaufer Straggler. 

Verlautbaren To proclaim. 

Verlegen — To transfer. 

Feuer rtickwarts verl^en.To shorten range. 

Feuer vorwarts verlegen... To lengthen range. 

Verlegung Relaying (of a telephone circuit). 

Verletzung Injury. 

Verletzungsliste Casualty list. 

Verluste Losses, casualties. 

Verlustliste Casualty list. 

Vermessung Survey. 

Vermessungs-Abteilung Survey section. 

Vermisste Missing, stragglers. 

Vermittlung Telephone exchange ; intervention. 

Vermorel-Apparat Vermorel sprayer. 

Vemehmung Examination (e. g., of prisoners). 

Vemichtung. — ; Annihilation, destruction. 

Vemichtungsfeuer Annihilating fire. 

Vemickelt Nickel plated. 

Verordnungsblatt (Armee-) Army orders. 



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144 GEEMAir MHJTAEY TEBMS AKD ABBEEVIATIOHS. 

Verpaesen To test, to adjust (e. g., a gas mask). 

VerpassungBraum Gas testing diamber. 

Verpflegung Supply (food), rationiRg. 

Vorbringen der Verpfle- 
gung Carrying up rations. 

Konserven- Verpflegung. . .Tinned rations. 

Verpflegungsabteilung Supply section of the Intendance. 

Verpflegungsgebtthr Scale of rations. 

Verpflegungskolonne Supply column. 

Verpflegungsmittel Rations. 

Verpflegungsnachschub Supply oi rations, bringing up 

rations. 

VerpflegungF-Offizier Supply officer. 

Verpflegungsstarke Ration strength. 

Verpflegungstruppen Supply troops. 

Verpflegungszug Supply train (railway). 

Verraten (eine Stellung) To disclose (a position); to betray. 

Verriegelung Barricade of timber used in tamping 

(mining). 

Versagen To miss fire; to break down. 

Versager A misfire, **blind" (shell). 

Versammlungsgraben Assembly trench. 

Verschalung Revetting. 

Verschalbretter Boards for revetting. 

Verschanzung Entrenchment. 

Verschanzung aufwerfen To throw up an entrenchment. 

Verschieben To move (troops, etc.). 

Verschiessen To fire away, expend. 

Verschleierung Masking, concealment. 

Verschluss Breech (of gun or rifle). 

Verschlussteile Breech fittings. 

Verschlusskappe Cap of fuze. 

Verschtitten Biu^^ alive; to block up (e. g., with 

earth). 

Graben werden leicht ver- 

schtittet Trenches soon fall in. 

Verschiitterung Collapse (of a dugout) . 

Verschtittet Buried. 

Versetzung Transfer. 

Verspreizung Strutting (mining, etc.). 

Versprengter Straggler. 



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OEEMAN MILITAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 146 

Verstandigimg. Hearing edgnals (on telephone, etc.) . 

1st Ver8tandigimggut?..I.Are signals good? (on telephone, 

etc.). 

Veretarken To strengthen, reinforce. 

Verstarkung Reinforcement. 

Versteifem To strut (mining, etc.). 

Verstreben To brace (e. g., the frames of a dug- 
out). 

Versuch Experiment, trial, test. 

Versuchsanstalt Experimental laboratory or institute. 

Verteidigen To defend. 

Verteidigungsanlagen Defenses, defense works. 

Verteidigungsfahig Capable of defense. 

Verteidigungsstellung Defensive position. 

Verteilung Distribution. 

Verteilungstafel Switchboard (on to which the leads 

for testing and firing mines are 
brought). 

Vertretimg (in) "By order,*' ''Signed for'! (above a 

signature on a document). 

Vervielfaltigen To reproduce (e. g. , by printing , 

hectograph, etc.). 
Verwaltung Administration. 

Armeeverwaltungs-Departe- 
ment Army administrative department. 

Feldverwaltungs-Behdrden. Field administrative authorities. 

Verwaltungsbeamte Administrative official. 

VerwaltungsbehSrden Administrative authorities. 

Ver^eis Reprimand. 

Verwenden To use, employ, make use of. 

Verzeichnis List. 

Verzogerung Delay, delay action. 

Veterinar Second lieutenant" 

Generalveterinar Colonel 

Korpsstabsveterinar Major 

Oberstabsveterinar Brevet major 

Stabsveterinar Captain 

Oberveterinar Lieutenant 

Vieleck Polygon. 

Viereck Quadrangle, square, rectangle. 

Vierkantholz Squared timber. 

17106—17 ^10 



(Veterinary). 



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146 GEEMAN XHITAEY TEEMS AKD ABBEEYIATIONS. 

Vierzollig 4-inch. 

Viflier Sight (vi rifle), especially back edglit. 

Visieraufsatzstange Leaf of back sight. 

Visierfernrohr Dial sight. 

Vizefeldwebel Vice sergeant major. 

Vizewachtmeister Vice sergeant major (moanted 

troops). 

Vollbahn Standard gauge railway. 

VoUkriegsfahig Fit for active service. 

Vollsalve Complete salvo. 

VoUspurbahn Standard gauge railway. 

VoUstrecken To carry out (a punishment). 

Volltreffer .Direct hit. 

Vollzu^ Execution of orders. 

Vollzugsmeldung Report of execution of orders. 

Vorbereitung Preparation. 

Vorbereitungsfeuer Preparatory bombardment. 

Vorbohrer Rimer. 

Vorderbracke S wingletree. 

Vorbringen (der Verpflegung). .Carrying up (rations). 

Vorderkaffe Bow (of a pontoon). 

Vorderlader Muzzle-loader. 

Vordermann Front-rank man. 

Vorderpferd Lead horse. 

Vorderwagen Limber. 

Vordringen 'i o advance. 

Vorfiihren To bring up, lead forward. 

Von.ehen To advance. 

Vorgelande Foreground, "No man's land." 

Vorgesetzter Superior. 

Vorhanden Existing, available. 

VorhoHedem Rimning out springs (gun). 

Vorhut .^ Advanced guard. 

Vorlage Proposal; text. 

Vorlegen (Feuer) To lengthen range. 

Vomewand Face (of a mine). 

Vorposten Outposts. 

Vorposten ausstellen To throw out outposts. 

Vorpostengefecht Affair of outposts. 

Vorpostenkette Chain of sentries. 

Vorpostenkommandeur Outpost commander. 

Vorpostenkompagnie Outpost company. 



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G^EMAN MHJTAEY TEEMS AKD ABBEEVIATIONS. 147 

Vorpostenlinie Outpost line. 

Vorratspferd Spare horse. 

Vorratswagen Store wagon . 

Vorraum (eines Unterstandes).. Anteroom (to a dugout). 

Vorrichtung Device, arrangement, mechanism. 

Vorschieben To push forward, advance. 

Vorschrift Regulations. 

Vorstecker Safety pin (of fuze). 

Vorstoss Attack, raid, thrust; piping, edging 

(uniform). 

Vortrab - Vanguard. 

Vortreiben To run out, drive (a gallery) (mining, 

• etc.). 

Vortrupp Vanguard . 

Vortruppen Advanced troops. 

Vorverlegen To *4ift " (artillery fire). 

Vorwarts Forward. 

Vorwerk Advanced work; farm; manor 

(" Vw." on a military m^p). 
Vorziehen To move up; to give preference to. 



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Wache Guard, sentry. 

Wachhabender Officer (N. C. O.) of the guard. 

Wachposten Sentry. 

Wachstuchmiitze Waterproof cap (worn by Landwelir). 

Wachtdienst .Guard duty. 

Wachthabender Officer (N. C. O.) of the guard. 

Wachtmeister Sergeant-major '(of cavahry or field- 
artillery). 

Wachtturm Watch tower (topog.). 

Waffe Weapon, arm. 

Waffengattung Arm of the service. 

Waffenhaus Arsenal. 

Waffenmeister Armorer; artificer. 

Waffenmeisterkasten Artificer's tool chest. 

Waffenmittelwagen Traveling repair shop. 

Waffenrock Tunic. 

Waffenruhe I . . ,. 

Waffenstillstand (Anmstice. 

Wagenburg Barricade of wagons. 

Wagenfahre Ferry for wagons. 

Wagengerassel The rattling of carts or wagons. 

Wagenhalteplatz Halting place for ambulance vehi- 
cles. 

Wagenstaffel Wagon line. 

Wagerecht Horizontal. 

Wahmehmung Observation. 

Waldstiick Small wood. 

Wall Rampart. 

Wallgraben Moat, ditch of rampart. 

Wallmeister Staff sergeant of fortifications. 

Walzblech Boiled iron plate. 

Walzblei Sheet lead. 

Walze (Draht-) : Roller, cylinder (e. g., of wire). 

Walzeisen Rolled iron. 

Walzen To roll, roll out. 

Wand Wall. 

Wappen Armorial bearings. 

148 



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GEEKAN XILITAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEYIATIONS. 148 

Wassereimer Water bucket. 

Wassergraben Drainage channel (mining, etc.). 

Wasserkasten Water jacket. 

Waeserleitung Water supply, aqueduct. 

Wasserleitungsrfibre Water pipe, conduit pipe. 

WasseiTi To irrigate. 

Wasserschufel Water scoop (pontoon). 

Wasserstoff Hydrogen. 

Wassertragesack Canvas water bucket. 

Wasserversorgung Supply of water, water supply. 

Wasserwage Water level. 

Wasserzap&telle Water tank. 

Wechselgetrieb Variable gear. 

Wechselstellung Alternative emplacement. 

Wechselstrom Alternating current (electrical). 

Weckerapparat Magneto-ringing apparatus (tele- 
phone). 

Weg Road, way, track. 

Wegekarte Route map. 

.rr, , yRoad junction, crossroads. 

Wegekreuzung ] "' 

Wegverlegen To "lift" (artillery fire). 

Wegweiser Finger post, signboard. 

Wehrordnung Regulations dealing with conscrip- 
tion laws. 

Wehrpflicht Liability for service. 

Weiche Points (railway). 

Weichen To yield, give way, give ground. 

Weissblech Tin plate. 

Weisungen Instructions. 

Weit ''Over" (artillery). 

Weiterleitung Circulation (of orders) . 

Weiterleitungsstelle , Forwarding office (e. g., of army 

clothing depot). 

Wellblech Corrugated iron. 

Wellblechdecke Corrugated-iron cover. 

Wellblechfelder Corrugated-iron sheets. 

Wellblechrahmen Corrugated-iron section. 

Wellblechschalung Corrugated-iron lining. 

Welle Wave. 

Wellenl&nge Wave length (wireless, etc.) . 

Wendeplatz Turntable, place for turning vehicles. 

Wendepunkt Critical moment, turning point. 



Digitized by LjOOQiC 



160 aEUEAN XHITAEY TEBH8 AKD ABBEEYIATIONS. 

Wendesappe Wavy sap . 

Wendung Turn. 

Werfer "Thrower" (bomber). 

Werfer Sometimes used for "Minenwerfer.* 

Werferf iihrer N.0.0. in charge of trench mortar. 

Werferstand Trench mortar emplacement. 

Work Work, redoubt. 

Werkstatt 1^ , , 

Werkstelle • {Workshop. 

Werkzeugkasten Tool chest. 

Werk?;eugta8che Tool wallet. 

Werkzeugwagen Tool wagon. 

Wetterbeobachtung Meteorological observation. 

Wetterbericht Meteorological report. 

Wetterdienst Meteorological service. 

Wetterlage Weather conditions. 

Wetterlotte Air pipe (mining). 

Wickelgamasche Puttee. 

Widerstand Resistance; electrical resistance. 

Widerstandsfahig Capable of resistance. 

Widerstandskraft 1^^. . .^ 

^. J ^ J .. I^Defensive power: resisting power. 

Widerstandsvermc^en J ^ '^ 

Widerstreben To oppose, resist. 

Wiederherstellen To repair. 

Wiege Cradle of a gun. 

Windewagen Windlass wagon (balloon detach- 
ment) . 

Windfacher Fan. 

Windfahnchen Weather cock. 

Windfahne Anemoscope (flag). 

Windrosendarstellung Wind-compass card. 

Windsbraut Gust of wind, squall. 

Windstarkemesser Anemometer. 

Windstoss Gust of wind. 

Winkel Angle. 

Ausspringender Winkel Salient. 

Einspringender Winkel — Re-entrant. 

Toter Winkel Dead ground. 



Vorspnngender Winkel. . U ,. . 
^T f 1. J w 1, 1 ^Sahent. 
Vorstehender Wmkel J 



Winkeleisen Angle iron. 

Winkelfernrohr Periscope. 

Winkelmesser Clinometer, goniometer. 



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OEEKAN XILITAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 161 

Winkertrupp Flag signalling group (all arms). 

Winkerverbindung Flag signalling communication. 

Winkerzeichen Flag signals. 

Wirksamkeit Efficacy. 

Wirkung Effect. 

Wirkungsbereich Effective range, sphere of operations. 

Wirkungshalbmesser Radius of explosion (mining). 

Wirkungsschiessen Effective bombardment, fire for 

effect. 

Wirtschaftskompagnie Tradesman company. 

Wischen To wipe. 

Wischer Pull through; sponge. 

Wischfalte Cleaning fold (of German gas mask). 

Wohngraben Living trench. 

Wohnunterstand Living dugout. 

Woilach Saddle blanket. 

Wolfsgrube '*Trou de loup." 

Wumba (Waffen und Muni- 

tions-Beschaffungs-Amt) Munitions department of the war 

ministry. 

Wurfgeschwindigkeit Rate of fire. 

Wurfgranate Trench mortar bomb. 

Wurfladung Propelling charge. 

Wurfladung (Ladungsmine) . . . Canister bomb. 

Wurflinie Trajectory. 

Wurfmine Mine, Minenwerfer shell (the modern 

tennis ''Sprengmine," q.v.). 
Langeschwere (l.s.W.M.) .25 cm. heavy Minenwerfer (long 

H. E. shell). 
Kurzeschwere (k.s.W.M.).25 cm. heavy Minenwerfer (short 

H. E. shell). 
Mittlere gezogene (m. gez. 

. W. M.) 17 cm. mediiun rifled Minenwerfer 

(H. E. shell). 
Mittlere glatte(m.gl.W.M.)(?) 17 cm. medium smooth bore 

Minenwerfer (H. E . shell) . 
Leichte gezogene (1. gez. 

W. M.) 7.5 cm. light rifled Minenwerfer 

(H.E. shell). 
Glatte leichte (Lanz) (gl. 1. 

W. M. Lanz) 9.1 cm. light smooth bore Lanz 

Minenwerfer (H. E. shell). 
Wiurfweite Length of throw. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Zahigkeit Tenacity, obstinacy. 

Zahl und Art Quantity and nature. 

Zahlmeister Paymaster. 

Zahnrad Cogged wheel. 

Zange Pincers, tongs. 

Zapfen Trunnions (of gun), pin, plug, pivot. 

Zapfenlager Trunnion bed (of gun). 

Zapfenstreich Tattoo, "retreat." 

Zaum Bridle. 

Zaumzeug Headgear. 

Zaun Fence. 

Zeche Pit, mine, coal shaft. 

Zeichen Sign, signal, distinguishing mark. 

Zeichner Draughtsman. 

Zeigefinger Index finger. 

Zeiger Index, indicator; hand of a clock. 

Zeitangabe Date. 

Zeiteinteilung Time table. 

Zeitschnur Safety fuze. 

ZeitweiUg Intermittent. 

Zelt Tent. 

Zelt aufschlagen To pitch a tent. 

Zeltbahn Tent square. 

Zeltpflock Tent peg. 

Zeltstange Tent pole. 

Zementm5rtel Cement mortar. 

Zementsack Cement sack. 

Zentner J quintal=50 kilograms=110.23 

pounds. 

Zentralnachweisebureau Central information bureau. 

Zentrierwulst Shoulder of a shell. 

Zermtirben To crush. 

Zemierung Blockade. 

Zersplittem To splinter, break to pieces; to die- 
perse (e. g., troops, fire, etc.). 

Zersprengen To cut up, rout. 

162 



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GEEKAN MILITAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 163 

Zeretoren Destroy, demolish, cut (wire entan- 
glement). 

Zerstorung Demolition. 

Zeretorungsfeuer Destructive fire. 

Zerstreuen To scatter. 

Zertrummern To wreck, break in pieces. 

Zeug Prefixed to rank=ordnance. 

Zeug Material. 

Zeugamt Ordnance department. 

Zeugdepot Ordnance depot. 

Zeuge Witness. 

Zeughaus Arsenal, armory. 

Zeugoffizier Ordnance officer. 

Zeugpersonal Ordnance corps. 

Ziegelei Brick field, tile works. 

Ziegelstein Brick. 

Ziehen To draw, move 

Ziehen (auseinander) To keep extended. 

Ziel Objective; target, aim. 

Zielabschnitt Target sector, sector to be taken un- 
der fire. 

Zielbezeichnung Designation of targets. 

Zielen To aim. 

Zielerkundung Reconnaissance of a target. 

Zielfemrohr Telescopic sight. 

Zielpunkt Objective; point aimed at. 

Zielscheibe Target. 

Zielskizze Range card. 

Zielspiegel Periscope. 

Zielstation Destination; railhead. 

Zielstreif en Target sector. 

Zieltafeln Target tables. 

Zielwechsel Change of target. 

Zielzuweisung Indication of targets. 

Zierat Ornaments (on helmet, etc.). 

Ziffer (Ziff .) Paragraph ; cipher; numeral. 

Zimmermann Carpenter. 

Zinnf olie Tinfoil . 

Zivilbevolkerung Civil population. 

Zivilkleidung (or Zivil) Plain clothes. 

ZoUbeamte Customs official. 

Zone Sector, zone, area. 

Zubehdr Accessories. 



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164 GEEMAN MILITAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 

Zubehdrkasten Box containing accessories. 

Zubereiten To prepare (food). 

Zubereiter Fitter. 

Zucht Discipline; breeding (horses, cattle). 

Ztichten To breed. 

Zufahrtsweg Track leading up to a position, ap- 
proach. 

Zufallstreffer Chance hit. 

Zuflucht Refuge, shelter; recourse. 

Zufuhr The bringing up of supplies. 

Zufuhr abschneiden To cut off supplies. 

Zufuhrstrasse Approach. 

Zu Fuss (Garde-Regiment) Foot (guards). 

Zug Platoon, section, cavalry troop (of 3 

or more "groups"); train; rifling 
(of a gun). 

Zugang Admission to hospital, etc.; access, 

approach. 

Zugangsgraben I Communication trench, approach 

Zugangsweg J trench. 

Zugbrucke Drawbridge. 

Ztigel Rein, bridle. 

Zugeteilt Attached to, allotted to. 

Zugf iihrer Platoon (section) commander. 

Zugkolonne Column of platoons. 

Zugloch Ventilator . 

Zugpferd Draught horse. 

Zugsbereich Platoon sector. 

Zugtau Drag rope. 

Zugweise By platoons. 

Zulage Extra pay; allowance. 

Zulegen To add to. 

50 Meter zulegen! Plus 50 meters ! Lengthen range 50 

meters ! 

Zundbolzen Percussion pellet (fuze). 

Ziinder Fuze, detonator. 

Aufschlagz under Percussion fuze. 

Brennzunder Time fuze. 

Doppelz under Time and percussion fuze. 

Innenzunder Internal fuze. 

Kopfztinder Nose fuze. 

Kurzer Bodenzunder Short base fuze. 

Langer Bodenztinder Long base fuze. 



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OEEKAN MILITA&Y TEBMS AND ABBEBYIATIONS. 156 

Ztmderschltissel Fuze key. 

Ztinder stellen To set a fuze. 

Ziinderstellinaachine Fuze setter. 

Ziinderteller Ring of a fuze. 

ZQndfertig Ready for firing. 

Zundglocke (Amboss der) Detonator cap. 

Ztodhiitchen Percussion cap. 

Ztindkapsel Detonator. 

Zundkasten Exploder (mining). 

Ztindladung Exploder (in a shell). 

Zundloch Vent. 

Ztindmittel Means of ignition (fuzes, detonators, 

etc.). 

Zundrohre Fuze, friction tube. 

Z tindsatz Detonating composition . 

Zundschnur Fuze, safety fuze; lanyard. 

Ztindung Fuze, primer and detonator; also the 

firing of a charge. 

Zur Disposition (z. D.) On half pay (of officers). 

Zureicher Carrier in a bombing squad, the 

man who hands the grenade to the 

thrower. 

Zuruf Call, verbal message. 

Zusammenarbeiten To cooperate, cooperation. 

Zusammenfassen To concentrate. 

Zusammensetzen (Gewehr) To pile (arms). 

Zusanmiensetzung Composition. 

Zusammenstoss Collision. 

Zusanmientreffen To meet, encoimter. 

Zusammentreten To stand to. 

Zusanmientritt , Assembly, parade. 

Zusanmienwirken Cooperation, to cooperate. 

Zusammenziehen (Truppen).. .To assemble, concentrate. 

Zusatz Supplement. 

Zuschuss Allowance. 

Zusprechen To adjudge, agree with. 

Zustandiger Arzt Medical officer on duty. 

Zustellen To transmit, deliver, convey. 

Zurtickgehen To retreat, retire, fall back. 

Zurtickhaltung Reticence, reserve. 

Zurticklaufen To recoil (gim). 

Zuriickschlagen To beat off, repulse. 



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166 OSKXAN MILITAEY TEBHS AKD ABBEEYIATIONS. 

ZurQckweichen To recoil, fall back. 

Zuteilen To attach; to allot to. 

Zuteiliing Allotment; attachment. 

Zuverlassig Reliable. 

Zuweisung Allotment. 

Zuwiderhandlimg Infringement, violation, contraven- 
tion. 

Zweck Objective, purpose, object. 

Zweidecker Biplane. 

Zweigstollen Branch gallery (mining). 

Zwickzange Tweezers. 

Zwieback Biscuit. 

Zwischendepot Intermediate diunp or depdt. 

Zwischengelande Intervening coimtry . 

Zwischenpark Intermediate park. 

Zwischenpolster Intermediate cushion (e. g., of earth 

over a dug-out). 
Zwischenraimi Interval. 

In Zwischenraimien Intermittently (artillery fire). 

Zwischenstellung Intermediate position. 

Zwischenzeit Meantime. 

Zwischenzeiten Pauses. 

Mit Zwischenzeiten Intermittently (artillery fire). 



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ABBREVIATIONS . 

METHOD OF USING ABBREVIATIONS IN ORDERS. 

In the German Field Service Regulations, 1908, paragraph 105, the following 
examples are given of the employment of abbreviations in orders, reports, etc.: 

I. R. 130 130th Infantry Regiment. 

St. I. u. 11/27, (yr I. R. 27 St. I. 
II Staff, and Ist and 2nd Battalions^ 

27th Infantry Regiment; or 27th 

Infantry Regiment, Staff, 1st and 

2nd Battalions. 
I. R. 67 (ohne 11.) 67th Infantry R^;iment (less the 

11th Company). 

Jag. 3 3rd Jager Battalion. 

M.G.A. 1 Machine Gun Detachment No. 1. 

St. 1. 3. 4./U1 14 (yr Ul. 14 (ohne 
2.) Staff, Ist 3rd and 4th Squadrons, 

14th Ulanen Regt.; or 14th Ulanen 

Regt. (less the 2nd Squadron). 
St. u. R/F. A. 34 or F.A. 34 St. 
u. R Staff and Horse Artillery AhteUungf 

34th Field Artillery Regiment; or 

34th. Field Artillery Regiment, 

Staff and Horse Artillery Ahtei' 

lung. 
II (F) F.A. 4 2nd Abteilung (field howitzer) of 

Field Artillery R^ment 4. 
St. u. I (s. F.H.)/Fus8-A. 4 Staff and 1st (heavy field howitzer) 

Battalion of 4th Foot Artillery 

Regiment. 
II (Mrs.)/Fuss-A.5 , ..2nd Battalion (mortar) of 5th Foot 

Artillery Regiment. 

l./H. 3 1st Company, 3rd Pioneer Battalion. 

S.K. 2 2nd Bearer Company. 

K. Tel. A Corps Telegraph Detachment. 

157 



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158 GEEHAN XHITAEY TEBHS AKD ABBEEVIATIONS. 

Abbreviations. 



Abbreviation. 



Signification. 



English equivalent. 



A.. 
A.. 



A. A.. 



a/A 

A. Abt. 
a.B.... 



Abt 

Abtlg 

Abtl 

A. B. nir Fp. D. 
O. 



a.D 

A. E.G.. 



Afla 

A. Gr 

Agra 

A. H. Kw. 
A.H.Q... 
A. HQu... 

A.K 

A.K. O.... 
Akofera. . . 



A.m. F.b.. 
Akofunk... 
A.M. K.... 

an 

A. O.K.... 
Arm. Batl. . 

Ara 

Art 

Art] 

A.S 



Asto 

A. T.-8tation. 

A.T.B 

Aufgeb 

Av 



A.V.3 

A.V.F 



A.V.G.... 



A.V.O 

Az 




Armee-Abteilung. . 



Alter Art 

ArtiUerie-AbteUung. 
AufBefebl 



Abteilung.. 



Aiisflihrongs - Bestlmmimgen 
cur FeldpoBt Dienstordnung. 



ausserDienst 

AUeemeine - Elektricitats - Ge- 
sellschaft. 



Artillerie-Flieger-Abteilung. . 
ArtiUerie-Grappe 



Arendt-Grappe 
Armee-Hauptki 



;kwartier. 



[Armee-Haaptquartier 

Armee*Korpfl 

Allerhdchste-Kabinetts-Ordre . 
Armee-Fernsprech-Komman- 
do. 

Anoee-Ftuiker-Kommando. . . 
Artillerie-Munltions-Kolonne. , 

angekommen 

Armee-Oberkommando 

Armienrngs-Bataillon 

Arendt-A Dteilung 

krtillerie 



Aoetylen-Sauentofl. , 



Arendt-Station.. 



Armee-Tages-Befehl. . 
Aufgebot 



ArbeitsverwendungBf ahig. . 



Armee-Verordnongs-Blatt 

Arbeitsverwendungsfahig Im 

Felde. 
Arbeitsverwendungsf fth ig in 

der Gamison. 
Artillerie-Verbindungs-OfflKier 
Aufachlag-Ziinder 



Pattern. 

"Abteilung" (sometimes "de- 
taohment''). 

Army detachment (equivaleiit 
to an Army). 

Old pattern. 

ArtiUery " AbteUmie." 

"By order," "Signed for" (above 
a signature in a document). 

Section, detachment, flight, etc.; 
"Abteilung" (not translated in 
the case of field artillery, when 

. it is a group of 3 batteries). 

Instractlons for the execution of 
the regulations for the field 
post. 

Retired (of officers). 

(A firm which manufactures aero- 
planes, fuzes, and other wbt 
material). 

Artillery flight. 

Artillery group. 

Listening set Section. 

Army headquarters. 

Army headquarters. 

Army corps, (jorps. 

Order of His Majesty in council. 

Army telephone headquarters. 

(Before a signature). 

Army wireless headquarters. 

Artillery ammunition column. 

Arrived. 

Army headquarters (staff). 

Labor battalion. 

Listening set detachment. 

Artillery. 

Oxyacetylene (used in portable 

searchlight and signalling 

lamps). 
Listening set. 
Power buzzer station. 
Army daily order. 
Ban (of Landsturm or Land- 

wehr). 
Suitable for employment for 

labor. 
Army orders. 
Fit for labor employment in the 

field. 
Fit for labor employment in 

(Jermany. 
Artillery liaison officer. 
Percussion fuze. 



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GEEMAN MILITAEY TEEMS AND ABBEEVIATIONS. 159 

Abbreviations — Continued. 



Abbreviatioii. 



Signification. 



English equivalent. 



B. 



B 

B 

B 

b 

B.A 

Back. Kol 

B.A.K.Z.... 

Batl 

Bat 

Batt 

Bay 

B.b.a 

Bd. G 

Bd.Z 

Beil 

Bel. Pk 

Bel.Tel.Abt. 



Bel.Tr..-. 

Beob 

Beob. W-. 
Besp. Abt. 

betr 

Bez. Oflz... 

beB 

beriig 

be«w , 

Bhf... 

Bivl 



Bl... 
Blst. 



Br 

Br 

Brck. Tr 

B.R.D 

Br. Gef.Std. 

Brig. 

Br. Mrs 

Br. Tr 

b.St 



B. T. K.... 



Btl... 
Bttr.. 
B.W. 



Be.. 



Bach 

Bataillon 

Berg 

bayerlsch 

Bekleidungsamt 

(Feld-) BackereirKolonne 

Ballon-Abwehr-Kanonen-Zug . 
Bataillon 

^Bat terie 



Baverisch 

Bahnhof-Betriebs-Amt. , 

Brand-Geschoss 

Boden-Z^der 



Belagerungs-Park 

Belagenmgs-TelegraphenrAb- 
teilung. 

Belagerungs-Train 

/Beobachter 

\Beobachtung6- 

Beobachtungswagen 

Bftgp anniiTiga - A htai h ing 

/betreflend 

\betpeff s 

Bezirks-Ofazier 



beziiglich 

beziehungsweise 

B ahnhof 

Beobachter in der vorderen 
Linie. 

blind 

Block-Station 



Brigade 

Brunnen 

Briicken-Train 

Bavrische-Reserve-Division . 

Brijgade-Gefechts-Stand 

Brigade 

Bronze-Mdrser 

Briicken-Train 

beimStabe 



Bereitschafts - Truppen - Kom- 
mandeur. 

Bataillon 

Batterie 

Bahn-Warter 



Brenn-Ziinder.. 



Stream, brook (topog.). 

Battalion. 

Mountain (topog.). 

Bavarian. 

Clothing office or depot. 

(Field) oakery column. 

Antiaircraft section. 

Battalion. 

Battery. 

Bavarian. 

Railway traffic office. 

Inoendmry shell. 

Base fuze. 

Annexe; inclosure; appendix. 

Siege park. 

Siege telegraph detachment. 

Siege train. 
Observer. 
Observation. 
Observation wa^on. 
Draft lK>rse section. 

^Concerning. 

District officer. 

With reference to. 

Or as the case may be. 
Railway station (topog.). 
Forward observer. 

Blind (shell). 

Block signal station (railway; 
topog.). 

Brigade. 

Well (topog.). 

Bridging tram. 

Bavarian reserve division. 

Brigade battle headquarters. 

Brigade. 

Bronze mortar. 

Bridging train. 

Not translated; it refers to officers 
who are attached to regimental 
headquarters in peace time. 

Commander of the supports. 



Battalion. 
Battery. 
Plate-layer's hut 

topog.). 
Time fuze. 



(railway; 



C/d2 

C. G.S 

Chev. Leg 



Ch.Hs. 
d.B.... 



Construction/92 

Chef des General-Stabc)s« . 
Chevaulegers 



Chaussee-Haus. 



duroh Bote I By messenger. 



1892 pattern (ammn.). 
Chief of the General Staff. 
"Chevaulegers" (Bavarian light 

cavalry). 
Turnpike (topog.). 



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160 OEKMAN MILITAKT TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 

Abbreviations — Continued . 



Abbreviation. 



Signification. 



English equivalent. 



D. 

D. Br. Tr. . 

Div 

d. O 

Do^.Z.... 

b'.r'.'.'.V.V. 

Dreh. Br... 
D.T.B.... 

Dz 

D.Z 

E. 
Eg 

Eis.Tr 

E. K.Z.... 

Ers 

Esk 

Et 

Ex. PI 

ExL 

F. 

F 

(F) 

f 

F.A 

F.A.B 

F.A.Btl... 

F.A.R 

Fb 

Fbba 

Fbr 

f.Bttr 

fdl 

Fd. Laz 

f.d.R 

Fe 

feindl 

Felda 

Feldlaz 

Feldw 

Femsp. Abt 

Fest 

P. Fr 

F.Or 

F.H 

F.K 

F.L 

Fl 

Flak 

Flakgmko... 

Flak-Zug... 



Divisions-Brttcken-Train 

Division 

durch Ordonnanz 

Doppel-Ziinder 

Doppelposten 

Dragoner-Regiment 

Drehbriicke 

Divisions-Tages-Befehl 

JDoppel-Ztinder 

Eisen-Centrierung 

Eisenbahn-Truppen 

Empflndlicher Kanonen- 
Ztinder. 

Ersatz 

Eskadron 

E tappen 

Exerzier-Platz 

Exzellenz 

/Feind 

\feindlich 

Feld-Haubltze 

fiir 

Feld-Artillerie 

Feld-Artillerle-Brigade 

Fuss-Artillerie-Bataillon 

Feld-Artlllerl&-Regiment 

Fliehbolzen 

Feld-Bahn-Betriebs-Amt 

Fabrik 

fahrende Batterie 

feindlich 

Feld-Lazarett 

fiir die Richtigkeit 

Femsprech-Abteilung 

feindUch 

Feld-Artillerie 

Feld-Lazarett 

Feldwebel 

Femsprech-Abteilung 

Festung(s-) 

Feindliche Flammenwerfer. . 
Feld-Qranate 

Feld-Haubitze 

Feld-Kanone 

Feld-Lazarett 

Fluss 

Flug-Abwehr-Kanone 

Flug- Abwehr - Kanonen- 

Gruppen-Kommandeur. 
Flog - Abwehr - Kanonen - Zug . 



Divisional bridging train. 
Division. 
By orderly. 

Tuneand percussion fuze. 
Double sentry post. 
Dragoon regiment. 
Swing bridge (toiwe.). 
Divisional daily order. 

Time and percussion fuze. 



With rear driving band only 

(shell). 
Railway troops. 
Sensitive gun fuze. 

"Ersatz" (see under "Ersata")« 

Squadron. 

Lmes of communication. 

Drill eround (topog.). 

Excellency (title given to lieu- 
tenant generals and senior 
ranks in the Germany Army). 

The enemy. 

Hostile, the enemy's. 

Indicates a light field howitzer 

battery, ammunition column, 

etc. 
For. 

Field artillery. 
Field artillery brigade. 
Foot artillery battalion. 
Field artillery regiment. 
Centrifugal bolt (in fuze, etc.). 
Field railway traffic office. 
Factory (topog.). 
Field artillery battery. 
Hostile, the enemy's. 
Field hospital. 
Certified correct. 
Telephone detachment. 
Hostile, the enemy's. 
Field artUlery. 
Field hospital. 
Sergeant major. 
Telephone detachment. 
Fortress. 

Hostile Flammenwerfer. 
Field gun high explosive (H. E.). 

Light field howitzer. 

Field gun. 

Field hospital. 

River (topog.). 

Antiaircraft gun. 

A. A. group commander. 

Antiaircraft section. 



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OSBXAH XHJTAKY TERMS AND ABBREVIATI0H8. 161 

Abbreviations — Continued . 



Abbreviatioii. 



Fldart 

Fldb&ck. K. . . 
Fldverw. Beh. 

Fliehb 

F.M.G. F.... 

F. M.G.Z.... 

F.O 

F. Patr 



Fp 

F. F.Amt.... 

F.P. A 

Fp.02 

Fp. D. O 

F. Pi. D 



F. P.Exp.. 

F. P. E 

Fp. K 

Fpk.K 

F. P.St...- 
F. P.S 

franz 

Fr. Wag 

F.S 

F.Sp 

Fsp 

F. Spr 

Ft 

Ft. Sperre.. 

Fu 

Fufa 

Fukla 

Ffls 

Fuss-A 

Fussart 

Fuss. A. R . 
Fuss. A. B. 

F. V. T 

F.W 

F.W.St... 
f. 10cm. K. 

G. 



X^d 

Gef. Ordm. 

Gefr 

Gef.Std.... 

goh 

gel 



gem 

Gen. d. Pion. 
Qen. Kdo.(s) . 
G«nkdo(s).... 

Qflsoh 



Signification. 



Feld-ArtiUerie 

Feld-Backerei-Kolonne 

Feldverwaltungs-Behorden. . . 

Fliehbolzen 

feindliches Maschinen-Gewehr 

Feuer. 
Feld-Maschinen-Gewelir-Zug. . 

Felddienst-Ordnung 

Feld-Patrone 



Fuhrpark 

^Feld-Post-Amt.. 



FtiUpulver02 

Feldpost-Dienst-Ordnung 

Feld - Pionier - Dienst (aller 
Waffen). 

^Feld-Post-Exi)edition 



^Fuhr-Park-Kolonne. 



English equivalent. 



[Feld-Post-Station 

franzosisch 

Futterwagen 

Feld-Schmiede 

feindliches Sjwrrfeuer 

[Fernsprech (er) 

Funken-Telegraphie 

Funken-Telegraphie-Sperre!. . 

Funker 

Funker-Feld-Abteilung 

Funker-Klein-Abteilung 

Fiisilier 

•Fuss- Artillerie 



Fuss-Artillerie-Regiment 

Fuss-Artillerie-Bataillon 

Feld-Verpflegungs-Tabellen. . 

Futterwagwi 

Feld- Wetter-Station 

fttr 10 cm. Kanone 



Granate 

geheim 

Garde 

Gefechts-Ordonnanz . 

Gefreiter 

Gefechts-Stand 

g^eim 

geladen 



/gemass. 

\gemischt 

General der Pioniere 

VGeneral-Kommando(s) . 

/Geschiitz 

\Geschoss 



Field artiUery. 

Field bakery column. 

Field administrative authorities. 

Centrifugal bolt (in fuze, etc.). 

Hostile machine gun fire. 

Machine gun section. 

Field service regulations. 

Field ^un carMdge (fixed am- 

mumtion). 
Transport park. 

Field i)ost oflSce. 

1902 pattern explosive (T. N. T.) 
Regulations for the field postal 

service. 
Manual of field engine^ing for all 

arms. 

Branch field post office. 
Supply park. 

Field post oflftce. 

French. 
Forage wagon'. 
Field forge. 
Hostile barrage fire. 

Telephone. 

Wu-eless tele^phy (W/T). 

Stop using wireless! 

Wireless. 

Field wireless detachment. 

Trench wireless detachment. 

Fusilier. 

Foot artillery. 

Foot artillery regiment. 
Foot artillery battalion. 
Field supply tables. 
Forage wagon. 
Meteorological station. 
For 10-cm. gun. 



High explosive (H. E.) shell. 

Secret. 

Guard. 

Orderly, runner. 

Lance-corporal. 

Battle headquarters. 

Secret. 

Loaded. 

According to. 

Mixed. 

Pioneer general. 

rstafi of an army corps, corps 
\ headquarters. 

Gun. 

Projectile. 



17106—17- 



-11 



Digitized 



byGoogk 



162 OSRICAN MILITARY TERMS AND ABBRSVIATI0H8. 

Abbreviations — Continued. 



Abbreviation. 


Signification. 


English equivalent. 


flTAC 


fgezeichnet 


Signed. 
Rmed. 
Gun factory. 


Of 


J^^iz-TihTiiy//////.'.'.'.'.'.'. 


G.g 


\Geschoss-Fabrlk 

Granite-Gescboss 


Shell iaotOTj. 

High explosive (H.E.) sheU. 

Ck)rps wireless headquarters. 

Light smooth bore Lanz Minen- 

werfer H.E. shell. 
Government. 


Gkofimk 

gl.l.W.M.LaM. 
Gouv .'. 


General-Kommando-Funk e r- 

Kommando. 
glatte lelchte Wurf-Mine Lam. 

Gouyemement 


Q R 


Grenadier-Regiment 


afAnfviier regiTnert. 


Or 


Granate -,,,-,t ^ 


High explodve (H.E.) shell. 


Or 


Gross (-er.-e.-es) 


Great. 


Or. Bag 


Grosse Bagage 


Baggage section of the train. 
1888 pattern explosive (picric 

acid). 
Great general staff. 
General headquarters. 
Army group headquarters. 
Large Flammenwerfer squad. 

Fuze for H.E. shell. 


Grf.88 


Granatfiillung 88 


Gr. Gen. Stab 


Grosser General-Stab 


Gr. H. Qu 

Gr. H. Qu 

Groftrupp 

Or.Z 


Grosses Hauptquartier 

Gruppen-Hauptquartier 

Grosser - Flammenwerfer - 

Trupp. 
Granat-^iinder 


G.R.Z.F 

G.S.O 


Garde-Regiment zu Fuss 

Gas-Schutz-Offizier 


Foot guards regiment, 
Antigas officer. 


G.S.U 

Gtt. Br 


Gas-Scbutz-Unteroffizier 

Gitter-Briicke 


AntigasN.C.O. 

Lattfce girder bridge (topog.). 

Suitable for garrison employ- 


Gv 


Gamisonsverwendungsf Sbig. . . 

im Etappen geblet. 
Garnisonsyerwendungsfahig 

im Felde. 
Garnisonsyerwendungsfahig 

in der Heimat. 

Haubitze 


G.V.E 

O.V.F 

O.V.H 

H. 
H 


ment. 
Fit for duty on.the L, of C. 

Fit for duty with regimental 

transport, etc. 
Fit for garrison duty in Gennany. 

Howitzer. 


Hauptm 


Hauptmann 


Captain. 


H Gr 




Howitzer H.E. shell. 


Hp 


Halte-Punkt 


Stopping place (railway; topog.). 


Hntin 


Hauptmann 


Captain. - 


H^R :: 


Husaren-Regiment 


Hussar regiment. 


Hus 


Husaren 


Hussars. 


HZ 


Haubitz-Ziinder 


Howitzer fuze. 


L 
iA 


im Auftrag 


"By order," "Signed for" (above 


IB 


Infanterie-Brigade 


a signature on a document). 
Infantry brigade. 
Infantry division. 


ID 


Infanterie-Division 


i Kas L 


in Kasematten-Lafette 


On casemate mounting. 


i Kst L 


in Ktisten-Lafette 


On coast-defense mounting. 


I.M.K 

Intdr 


Infanterie-Munitions-Kolonne. 
Intendantur 


Infantry ammunition column. 
Intendance. 


i P L 


in Panzer-Lafette 


On shielded mounting. 


I.R 


Infanterie-Reglment 

in Schirm-Lafette 


Infantry regiment. 

On carriage with overhead shield. 


i S L 


i V 


in Vertretunfi 


"By order," "Signed for" 


Iz 


Innen-Ztinder 


(above a signature on a docu- 
ment). 
Internal fuze. 



Digitized 



byGoogk 



OERXAN MILITARY TERHS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 168 

Abhreviation8 — Continued. 



Abbreviation. 


Signification. 


English equivalent. 


J. 
J. B 


Jftg ffl*-Bfttai11on 


" Jager" battaUon. 
Infantry regiment. 

Gun. 


J. R 


Tnfj^nt^^ri^-'R.f^gifnent 


K. 
K 


ICanon^ 


K 


ITftit^VtsAhA . , 


Case shot. 


K 


Kolonne . . . 


Column 


K 


KoTTipagnie 


Company. 

Corps. 

Shorter. 


K 


Korps 


k 


kflrzer 


Kagol... 


Oberste Heeresleitung. 


Battle-plane squadron under 

general headquarters. 
Gun. 


f^j^rx 




\Kanonier 


Gunner. 


Kftrt . . 


Elartusche 


Cftrt,ridc'e (jnin or howitzer* it 


Kav.Div 


Kavallerie-Division 


impUes that it is not fixed 
ammunition). 
Cavalry division. 


K.B 


Koniglich-Bayerisch 


RoyalBavarian. 
Imi)erial German. 
Cavalry division. 
Commander of the motor trans- 
port troops. 
Command, word of command* 


e:.d 


Kaiserlich-Deutsch 


K.D 


Kavallerie-Division 

Kommandeur der Kraftfahr- 

Truppen. 
Kommando 


K(Ld. Krftftr... 
Kdo 


Kdr 


Kommandeur 


party, detachment. 
Commander 


Kdt. H. Qu 

K.d. H. Qu.:... 
Kdtr 


/Kommandant des Haupt- 
\ quartiers. 
Kommandantur 


jcamp commandant. 
Commandant's office. 


K.F 


Kfthnffl.hrA 


Ferry by rowing boat (topog.). 

Company conunander (on trench 
maps, etc.). 

Fit for active service in certain 
capacities (sometimes used of 
men classed in category "Gar- 
nisons verwendungsf ahig " )• 

Battle-plane squadron under 
general headquarters. 

Gun shell 


K.F 


Komnaenie-Fiihrer . . 


K.f.b.Z 

K:.a.o.H.L... 

K. Gr 


Kriegsverwendungsfahig fur 
besondere Zwecke. 

Kampfflugzeug-Gescbwa d e r , 

Oberste-Heeresleltung. 
Kanonen-Granate . 


IThf 


Kirchliof 


Church yard (topog.). 

Corps headquarters. 

" It. i. H." field gun (new pattern 

7.7-om. field gun on howitzer 

carriage). 
Cinematograph. 
Small. 


K.H. Qu 


Korps-Hauptquartier 


K.LH 


Kanone in Haubitzlafette 

KinematoeraDh 


iCino 


Kl 


Klein 


Kleiftrupp 

K1.F.W... 

K.Ltg 


Kleiner-Flammenwerier-Trupp 

Kleiner Flammenwerfer 

Kabel-Leitung 


Small Flammenwerfer squad. 
Small Flammenwerfer. 
Cable line. 


K-Munition 




"K-ammunition" (armour- 


K.M., Z.Ch.... 
Kofe 


Zentralstelle ffir Fragen der 
Chemie im Kriegs-Minis- 
terium. 

Kommandeur der Femsprech- 
truppen. 


piercing ammunition, for rifle) 
or K-shell (asphyxiating gas 
shell). 
Central ofilce for chemical ques- 
tions in the ministry of war. 

Commander of telephone troops 




(at army headquarters). 



Digitized 



byGoogk 



164 OSKXAN XILITAKT TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 

AhbreviatioTis — Continued . 



Abbreviation. 


Signification. 


English equivalent. 


Kofl 


(Konunandeur der FUeger- 
\ Truppen. 
Kommandeur der Flug-Ab- 

wehr Kanonen. 
fKommandeur der Funker- 
\ truppen. 
Kommandierender General der 

Luftstreitkrafte. 
Kolonne 


Commander of aviation troops- 


Koflieg 


(with corps, etc.). 


Koflak 


Commander of the antiaircraft 


Kofu 


guns. 
Commander of wireless troops 


Kofiink 


(at army headquarters). 
Commander of the air forces. 

Column. 


Kogen-Luft 

Kol 


Komp .... 


Komnasniie 


Companv. 

Section (i of a "Zug"). 

Section (i of a "Zug"). 


Korp 


Korporalscbaft 


Kplschaft 

K Pr 


Korporaischaf t 


Komglich-Preussisch 


Royal Prussian. 


Kr. (in a post- 
mark). 
Kr M 


Kreis 


District. 


Kriegs-Ministerium . . . 


War ministry. 
Ambulance wagon. 


Krak. W 


Krankenwagen 


K. S 


KSniglich-Sachsisch 


Royal Saxon. 


K. Sig. 16 

K.S.O 

Kst 


Kleine Signal-Gerat 16 

Kriegssanitatsordnung 

Kiiste (n^ 


Small 1916 pattern signalling ap- 
paratus. 
Field medical regulations. 
Coast (coast defense). 
Coast defense howitzer. 


Kst. H 


Kiisten-Haubitze 


Kst K 


Kiisten-Kanone 


Coast defense gun. 


Kst. Mrs 


Klisten-Morser 


Coast defense mortar. 


k.s.W.M 

Kt 


kurze schwere Wurf-Mine 

Kartatsche 


Heavy Minenwerfer short H. E. 

shell. 
Case shot. 


K.T.A 

K.T.B 


Korps-Telegraphen-Abteilung. 
Korps-Tages-Befehl 


Corps telegraph detachment. 

Corps daily order. 

Commander of the front line 

troops. 
Stretcner bt^arer rftgiilations. 


K.T.K 

Kt. 


Kampf - Truppen - Komman- 
deur. 

Krankentrager-Ordnung 

Kettenbriicke 


Ktt. Br 


Suspension bridge (topog.). 
Cuirassier regiment. 
Fit for active service. 


Kiir. R 


Kiirassier-Regiment 


K. V 


Kriegsverwendungsfahig 

K r I e g s - Verpflegungs - Vor- 

Koniglich-Wiirttembergisch. . . 
Kanonen-Ziinder 


K.V.V 

K. W 


Field supply regulations. 
Royal Wurttemberg. 


K.Z. 


Gun fuze. 


Ki^ ::....::: 


Kopf-Ziinder 


Nose fuze. 


K.Zug 


Kanonenmunitions-Zug 

Kurzer Boden-Ziinder 


Gun ammunition train. 


Kz Ba Z 


Short base fuze 


L. 
L 


Lafette 


Gun carriage, moimting. 

Long. 

Longer. 

Light. 

Battery charging detachment 

(wireless). 
Landwehr (not translated). 
Hospital. 

Long burning (fuze). 
Landsturm (not translated). 
Man of the Landsturm 


L 


Lang 


L 


Langer 


L 


Leicht 


Ladekdo 


Lade-Kommando 


Landw 


Landwehr 


LSE 




1. B 




Ldst 


Landsturm 


Ldstm 


TjiTidstiiTTnTnaTiP 


Ldw 


Landwehr 


Landwehr (not translated). 

" L. E. " (a type of explosive bul- 

let; see under "Munition"). 
Ration boxes. 


L. E 




Lebm. K 


Lebensmittelkisten 


Lebm. W 


Lebensmittelwagen 


Lij^tfieTd howitzer. 


l.F.H 


leichte Feld-Haubitse 



Digitized 



byGot)gk 



OEKMAN MILITAKT TEKMS Am) ABBKEVIATIONS. 165 

Abbreviations — ^Continued. 



Abbreviation. 


Signification. 


English equivalent. 


Lg.Bd.Z 

leTBrle 


Langer Boden-Ziinder 


Long base fuze. 

Long burning (fuze). 

Light rifled. 

Light rifled Minenwerfer H. E. 

sliell. 
Long shell. 
Light machine gun section. 

Light ammunition column. 

Entraining station, loading plat- 
form (topog.). 

Heavy Minenwerfet long H. E. 
shell. 

2d lieutenant. 


Iftn^A "RrftnTllii-ligfl, r T , , - - 


ifkS :.:;::.:::: 


leicnte gezogene 


l.gM.W.M 

Lggr 


leichte gezogene Wurfmine 

Langgranate 


l.M.G.Tr 

1.M.K 

L.St 


leichter Maschinen-Gewehr- 
Trupp. 

leichte Munitions-Kolonne 

Ladestelle 


l.s.W.M 

Ltn 


lange schwere Wurf-Mlne 

Leutnant 


L.V 


Lautverstarker 


Amplifler valve. 

A firm which manufactures aero- 
planes known as L. V.- G. 
Light Minenwerfer H. E. shell. 
Fuze of light Minenwerfer. 
Used in the nomenclature of pro- 


L.V. G 

l.W.M 


Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft .... 
leichte Wurf-Mlne 


l.W. M. Zdr 

L/3.1,etc 


leichter Wurf-Mine-Ziinder. . . . 


L/4.0, etc 




iectiles to indicate that the 
length is 3.1, etc., calibers. 
Used in nomenclature of guns to 
indicate that the length is 40, 
etc., calibers. 

Mill (topog.). 

Old pattern type of fuze. 

Gaine (of fuze). 


M. 
M 


Miihle 


Mdlchb . . . 


Mundlochbtichse ... 


Mdlchf 


Mundlochfutter 


Mebu 


Maschinengewehr-Eisen- 

Beton-Unterstand. 
MiUtar-Eisenbahn-Direktion. . 

JMaschinen-Gewehr-Abteilung . 

mittlere gezogene 


Reinforced concrete machine-gun 

emplacement. 
Directorate of military railways. 

Machine gun detachment. 

Medium rifled. 


M.E.D 

M. G. A 

M.G.Abt .- 

m. gez 


M. G. K 

M.G.Kp 

m. gl 


\Maschinen-Gewehr - Kompag- 
/ nie. 
mittlere glatte 


JMachine gun company. 
Medium smooth bore. 


M.G.S.s.K 

M.G.S.s. T..... 
M H 


Maschinen - Gewehr - Scharf- 
schiitzen-Kompagnie. 

Maschinen - Gewehr - Scharf- 
schtitzen-Trupp. 

Minen-Hiille 


Machine gun marksman com- 
Machine gun marksman section. 
Canister bomb. 


Mil.-Url.-Zug.... 
Min 


Militar-Urlaub6-Zug 


Military leave train. 
Mine or Minenwerfer shell. 


Mine (n) 


Min 


Mineur (Kompagnie) 


Mining company. 
Trench mortar company. 
Ammunition column. 


Mi.W.K 

M. K 


Minenwerfer-Kompagnie 

Munitions-Kolonne 


Mk 


Marschkolonne 


Ck>lumn on the march. 


m. K 


mit Kappe 


With cap (shell or fuze). 
Medium Minenwerfer. 


m. M. W 


mittlerer Minenwerfer 


m. Ozdg 


nfit Oberziindung 


With overhead ignition (pattern 


Mrs 


Morser 


of 21 cm. mortar). 
(21 cm.) mortar. 
(21 cm.) mortar battery. 
' -leport center. 


Mrs. Battr 


MSrser-Batterie 


M. S 


Melde-Sammelstelle 


M. Sig. 16 

Mtl. K 


Mittlere Signal-Gerat 16 

Mantel- Kanone 


Medium 1916 pattern signaling 

apparatus. 
Jacketed gun. 
Ammunition. 


Mun. 


Munition 


M.V 


Mit Verzogerung 


With delay action (fuze). 
Minenwerfer (trench mortar). 


M.W 


Minenwerfer 



Digitized 



byGoogk 



166 OSBMAN MILITAKY TEBM8 AND ABBREVIATIOHS. 

Abbreviationa — Ck>ntinued . 



Abbreviation. 



Signification. 



English equivalent. 



M.W 

m.W.M 

N. 

n 

n 

n/A 

naohm 

ndrdl , 

N.M. O 

N.O 

O. 

o 

O.A 

0./A. (in a post- 
mark). 

0& 

Ofl.SteUv 

O-Punkt 

O.Q. 

6stl 

O.U 

O.V 

P. 

P 

Patr 

Patr.W 

Pf.D 

Pi. (B,, Kp.^tc.) 
Plon (b.; fcp., 
etc.). 

Pk.W 

P1.W 

Prov'"'.'.'..!.! 

Prov. Amt 

Pr.K 

Q. 
Q.M 

R. 

R 

R'adf .■.**!.*.'.'."!! 

R.A. K 

r. Bttr 

Res 

Rev. K 

R.I.R 

Rittm 

R.K 



Munitionswagen 

mittlere Wun-Mine. 



nach 

ndrdUch 

neuer Art 

naohmittags 

ndrdlich 

Nacbricbten-Mittel-Offisier. . 
Nachrichten-Offizier 



dstlich 

Offizier- Aspirant. . 
Ober-Amt 



Oflarier 

Ofilzier-Stellvertreter. . 



NuU-Punkt 

Oberquartienneister . 

ostlich .-..., 

Orts-Unterkunf t 

Ohne Verzdgerung . . . 



Pulver.. 
Patrone. 



Patronenwagen 

Pferdedepot 

(Pionier (-Bataillon, Kom- 
pagnie, etc.). 

Packwagen 

Planwagen 

praemisais praemittendU 

Pro viant 

Proviant-Amt 

Proviant-Kolonne 



Quadratmeter.. 



Regiment 

reitende 

Radf ahrer 

Reserve- Armee-Korps 

reitende Batterie 

Reserve 

Revolver- Kanone 

Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment. 

Rittmeister 

Ring- Kanone 



Ammunition wagon. 

Medium Minenwerfer H. E. shell. 



"To" (direction of road). 
North of. northerly. ' 
New pattern. 
In the afternoon, p. m. 
North of, northwlv. 
Communication officer. 
Intelligence officer. 



£ast of. easterly. 

Probationary or aspirant officer. 

Head Office (postal). 

Officer. 

Acting officer (but usually not 

translated). 
Aiming point, reference point. 
See page 102. 
East of, easterly. 
(Ordinary) billets. 
Without delay action, direct 

action (fuze). 



Powder (usuallv black powder) 

Cartridge (in the case of a gun 
only when it is fixed ammuni- 
tion). 

Small-6krms ammunition wagon 

Remoimt depot. 

Pioneer (battalion, company, 
etc.). 

Baggage wagon. 
Laoder-sided wagon. 
Etc., etc. 
Supply. 
Supply depot. 
Supply column. 



Square meter. 



Regiment. 

Horse (e. g., artillery). 

Cyclist. 

Reserve (army) corps. 

Horse artillery battery. 

Reserve. 

Revolver-gun. 

Reserve infantry regiment. 

Captain (of cavalry or train). 

Qun with chase rings. 



Digitized 



byGoogk 



OSRICAN MILITARY TERMS AND ABBREVIATIOHS. 167 

Abbreviations — Continued . 



Abbreviation. 



Signiflcation. 



English equiyalent. 



S. 



s 

s 

s.'A.'d.Feidh.' 



Schrapnell 

schwer 

sttdUch 

siehe 

scfawere Artillerie des Feld- 



San. K 

San. Kp 

8.B 

8ch 

Sch 

Schaf 

Scheinw. Zg. 

Schr 

Schw. R. R.. 



Sek 

Sekt 

Sdbst 

s F H 

8.* f! H.*62*(etc.)! 



Sanitats- 

Vsanit&ts-Kompagnie 

Soldatenbrief 

Scheune 

Schrapnell 

Schaferei 

ScheJnwerfersug 

Schrapnell 

Schweres Reiter-Regiment . 



Sekunden 

Sektion ". 

selbst&ndig 

schwere Feld-HaubitM.. 
schwere Feld-Haubitse.. 



s. F. St 

S-Munition. 



Sprgr 

S. S. Tnipp. 



schwere Funkenstation. 



g-Qranate 

Bchiitzen-Trupp . 



Stbr 

St 

St 

SteUv... 
Stofelda. 

Stofl 



St. O. Gas. 
Stoluft.... 



St. O.M. G. 
Stoverm 



St. Qu... 

sttdl 

8. W. M. 



T. 



t... 
Tel. 



Steinbruch 

Stab 

Stellung 

Stellvertretend , 

Stabs-Offizier der Feld Artil- 
lerie. 

Stabsoffizierder Flieger- 
Truppen. 

Stabs-Oflazier f Or Gas 

Stabs-Offizier der Luftschifler- 
Truppen. 

Stabs-Ofazier fiir Maschinen- 
Gewehre. 

Stabs-Offlzier der Vermessungs- 
Abteilung. 

Stabsquartier 

siidUc^ 

schwere Wurf-Mlne 



Tonne. 
Telegraph. . 



TSi^!*Abt:;:::: H^^pi^«^-^i>t»"«^-- 

T. HV Turm-Haubitze 



T. K 
T-Munition. 

Tr. 

Tr. 



Turm-Kanone. 



Train 

Trupp 

transf. transiormiert 

Trig. P Trigonometrischer Punkt. 

Tr. u b. PI I Truppen-Ubungs-Platz . . . 



Shrapnel. 

Heavy. 

South of, southerly. 

See, vide. 

Heavy artillery of the field army. 

Medical. 

Medical or bearer company. 

Soldier's letter. 

Bam (topog.). 

Shrapnel. 

Sheep farm (topog,). 

Searchlight section. 

Shrapnel. 

Heavv cavalry regiment (Ba- 
varian or Saxon.). 

Seconds. 

Section. 

Independent. 

Heavy field howitzer. 

1902 (etc.) pattern heavy field 
howitzer. 

Heavy wireless station. 

"S" ammunition (see under 
"Mumition"). 

High explosive (H. E.) shell. 

(Machine gun) marksman sec- 
tion. 

Quarrv (topog.). 

Staff, h^ufquarters. 

Position. 

Acting.deputy. 

Staff offlcer for field artillery. 

Staff officer for aviation (at army 

headquarters). 
Army gas officer. 
Staff officer for air services. 

Staff officer for machine guns. 

Staff officer for survey. 

Headquarters. 

South of, southerlv. 

Heavy minenwerfer H. E. shell. 



Metric ton (2,205 pounds). 
Telegraph. 

Telegraph detachment. 

Howitzer in turret. 
Gun in turret. 

T-shell (lachrymatory gas shell). 
Train (not translated). 
Section, party, squad. 
Converted (ammunition). 
Trigonometrical point (topog.). 
Training ground. 



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168 OEKICAN HILITAKY TERMS AND ABBBEVIATIOirS. 

Abbreviations — Continued . 



Abbreviation. 



U. 

U 

u 

u 

U.A.K 

th) 

tibww 

Ubgr 

t)b. Ldg 

ttb. PI ..... 

Ul 

Ul.R 

umg 

U.St 

Ufb 

U. Oflz 

a.U 

V. 

V.d'F.H.'..' 
Verm. Abtlg. 

Verpfl 

Terst 

V. G.U 

V. H 

V. K 

V. K 

V. L 

V. O 

vonn 

Vorst I 

Vrst i 

Vst J 

V.S.d.... 

v.w 

Vw 

Vz.Wm... 

W. 

W 

Westl 

W. F 

W.M 

Wth 

W.U 

Wumba 



{; 

junterofflzier . 



Signification. 



Unterriohts 

und 

urschriftlich 

Unter-Abschnitts-Kommand- 

t5l)iings 

^berwiesen. 

Ubungsgranate 

Dbtings-Ladimg 

tJbongs-Platt 

Ulan 

Ulanen-Regiment 



umgeSLndert... 
nmgearbeitet.. 
Unteretand. 



unter Umst&nden. 



von 

Verpflegung des Feldheeres. . 

Vermessungs-Abteilung 

Verpflegung 

verstarkt 

verlesen, genehmigt, unter- 
schrieoen. 

von Hundert 

Verkttrste KammerhfUse 



Vorposten-Kompagnie 

Vereins-Lazarett 

Verbindungs-Offlrier. . 
vormittags 



Vorstecker. 



VonSeitendes 

Vorrats-Wagen.. . . 

Vorwerk 

Viiewachtmeister . 






Westlich 

estlich 

Wagen-Fahre 

Wurf-Mine 

Wacht-Tunn 

Wohn-Unterstand 

Waflen und Munitions-Be- 

schaflungs-Amt. 



English equivalent. 



Instructional. 

And. 

Autographic, in original. 

Sub-sector conunander. 

Practice. 
Allotted. 
Practice shell. 
Practice charge. 
Training ground. 
"Ulan" (lancer). 
"Ulanen" regiment (lancer regi- 
ment.) 

Converted (ammunition). 

Dug-out. 

Noncommissioned officer: Also 
"under -officer." which is a 
special rank of N. C. O. corre- 
sponding to our corporal. 

According to circumstances; in 
certain circumstances. 



" From " (direction of road). 

Supply of the field army. 

Survey section. 

Supply (food). 

Strengthened. 

Noted, approved, signed. 

Percent. 

Shortened central tube (of 

shrapnel). 
Outpost company. 
Auxiliary hospital. 
Liaison officer. 
In the morning, a. m# 

Safety pin (of fuze). 

For (above signature). 

Store wagon. 
Farm, manor (topog.). 
Vice sergeant major (mounted 
troops). 



West of, westerly. 
West of, westerly. 
Ferry for wagons (topog.). 
Minenwerfer H. E. shell. 
Watch tower (topog.). 
Living dug-out. 

Munitions department of the war 
ministry. 



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OSKHAN XILITAKy TEEMS AND ABBKEVIATIOHS. 169 

Abbreviations — Continued . 



Abbreviation. 



Z. 

Z 

Z.A.B 

«.B 

«.D 

Zde 

Zdldg 

Zdlg 

Zdr 

«.F 

zfe .".*!. "!.'!!!!.*; 

Z.m.W. M..... 

Z-Schlussel 

Z.s.W. M 

Z. s. u. m. W. M 

«.T 

zuget 



Signification. 



Zflnder 

Zivil-Arbelter-Bataillon 

sum Bdspiel 

Eur Dispo^tion 

Ztindung 

jziindladung 

Ziinder 

suFuss 

Ziegelei 

Ziflfer 

Z^iinder mittlerer Wurf-Mine. . 

Ziinder-Schltissel 

zander schwerer Wurf-Mine. . 
Ziinder schwerer und mittlerer 
Wurf-Mine. 

lumTeil.. 

cugeteilt 

zurZeit 



English equivalent. 



Fuze. 

Civilian labor battalion. 

For example. 

On half pay (of oflScers). 

Fuze. 

Exploder (in a shell). 

Fuze, detonator. 
Foot (guards). 
Brick-field (topog.). 
Paragraph; cipher; numertJ. 
Fuze of medium Minenwerfer. 
Fuze key. 

Fuze of heavy Minenwerfer. 
Fuze of heavy and medium 

Minenwerfer. 
Partly. 
Allotted to. 
At present. 



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170 OEKHAN MILITARY TERMS AND ABBREVIATIOHS. 

Abbreviations not ordinarily found in documents, but^sometimes 
employed in telephone and wireless messages. 



Abbreviation. 



Signification. 



English equivalent. 



DLT 

DR 

EB 

E 

EA 

EDO 

EF 

EFR 

EGMIN 

EI 

EL— VW 

EMG 

EMIN 

ESP 

FA 

FGMIN 

FI 

FMIN 

QGR 

GMIN 

GT 

GW 

GW 

GZ 

HB 

HDGR.VW. 
I. MUN.VW. 

KODR 

LW 

M 

MIN.VW.... 

MQ 

OB 

OQ 

PW 

RP 

SA 

8A 

SKO 

TZ 

ZP 

ZP.NR-G.... 



I>rahtlose Telegraphie 

Drah tverhau 

Erbeten 

Eigene Truppen 

Eigene Artilierie 

Etat der Gewehrmunition.. 



Erforderlichen Falls 

Eigenes Flammenwerfer 

Eigenes Gasminenfeuer 

Eigene Infanterie 

Eigene Inbuiterie geht vor- 
warts. 

Eigenes M. G. Feuer 

Eigenes Minenfeuer 

Eigenes Sperrfeuer 

Femdiche Artilierie 

Feindliches Gasminenfeuer.... 



Feindliche Initoterie 

Feindliches Minenfeuer 

Gasnanate 

Gas-Mine 

Granate 

I Geratewagen 

Granat-Zunder 

Geschiitz 

Haubitzbatterie 

Handgranaten vorwarts ! 

Infanterie-Munition vorwarts I. 



Kommandantur 

Lebensmittelwagen . 

Trommelfeuer 

Minen vorwfirts I — 



Marschquartler 

Orts-Biwak 

Orts-Quartier 

Packwagen 

Relaisposten 

Schwere Artilierie 

SandsScke 

Sanitatskompagnie 

Taeesziel 

Zielpunkt. .v 

Zielpunkt Nr.— gefangen . 



Wireless telegraphy. 

"Wire," wire entanglement. 

Requested. 

Our troops. 

Our artillery. 

Statement showing quantity of 

rifle ammunition available. 
If necessary. 
Our Flammenwerfer. 
Our Mtnenwerfer gas shell fire. 
Our infantry. 
.Our infantry is advancing. 

Our machine-gun fire. 

Our Minenwerfer fire. 

Our barrage fire. 

Hostile artillery. 

Hostile Minenwerfer gas shell 
fire. 

Hostile infantry. 

Hostile Minenwerfer fire. 

Gas shell. 

Minenwerfer gas shell. 

High explosive (H.E.) shell. 

Pioneer store wagon. 

Fuze for H.E. shell. 

Gim. 

Howitzer battery. 

Bring up hand grenades ! 

Brhig up small-arms ammuni- 
tion ! 

Commandant's office. 

Supply wagon. 

Intense bombardment. 

Bring up trench mortar am- 
munition I 

Billet on the line of march. 

Close billets. 

BiUet. 

Baggage wagon. 

Relay posts. 

Heavy artillery. 

Sandbags. 

Medical or bearer company. 

Day target, target of the day (?) 

Objective. 

Objective No. — captured. 



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1 



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